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According to Shatapatha Brahmana, Brahma conceives a passion for his own daughter but the gods condemn Brahma, even the goddess goes away from Brahma.

  1. Prajāpati conceived a passion for his own daughter,--either the Sky or the Dawn. 'May I pair with her!' thus (thinking) he united with her.

  2. This, assuredly, was a sin in the eyes of the gods. 'He who acts thus towards his own daughter, our sister, [commits a sin],' they thought.

  3. The gods then said to this god who rules over the beasts (Rudra), 'This one, surely, commits a sin who acts thus towards his own daughter, our sister. Pierce him!' Rudra, taking aim, pierced him. Half of his seed fell to the ground. And thus it came to pass.

When the gods and goddess herself were against Brahma and his lust then how did Saraswati end up as a wife of Brahma? Is there some explanation in any Veda Purana? Why is there this discrepancy in this story, it is akin to a deer which runs away from hunter but then comes back to get killed under the hands of that very same hunter. This story doesn't make sense.

Also do Vedas really say that Saraswati is married "wife" of Brahma? Which Veda says that?

Is she married wife or consort/companion as some other people say? How can gods allow such sin when they were against it the first time?

What is their actual relation? The dharam shastras place very harsh punishment for incest then how did Brahma get away with this sin?

How can people even accept that saraswati is wife of his own father?

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    first of all its Prajapati not Pragapati. Then to answer, Saraswati, Ganga , Lakshmi were wives of Vishnu. One day in a fight Saraswati cursed Ganga to be river, Ganga also cursed Saraswati to be river. Lakshmi stood quiet in fight, so Saraswati cursed her also that you did not help me so you also become a river. Knowing this fight, Vishnu told Saraswati to be wife of Brahma, Ganga to be wife of Shiva, and Lakshmi to remain with Him. This story is in Brahma Vaivarta and Devi Puraan – user14995 Apr 18 '18 at 12:04
  • @AnuragSingh yeah, my question is related to vedas though ;) – Anisha Apr 18 '18 at 12:07
  • @AnuragSingh so, you mean first she was not wife when she was conceived but later became vishnu's wife then brahma's wife? – Anisha Apr 18 '18 at 12:13
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    @AnuragSingh I have hard time believing in that. The wedding of shiva-Parvati and laxmi Vishnu is described in such lengthy way, why doesn't brahma's? The story of Brahma saraswati everywhere seems so hush hush, neither does it mention how did saraswati agree to it? – Anisha Apr 18 '18 at 17:13
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    Which looks discrepancies on the surface are actually due to Kalpa-Bheda. In one Kalpa, something happened, in another something else. – Mr. Sigma. Apr 18 '18 at 23:24
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+50

First let us understand that the concept of time in our puranas is Cyclical. So there are lot of Lord brahmas before the current period and there will be lot more after this.

The best reference we will get from puranas is from Srimad bhagavatam

SB 3.12.30

naitat pūrvaiḥ kṛtaṁ tvad ye  

na kariṣyanti cāpare

yas tvaṁ duhitaraṁ gaccher

anigṛhyāṅgajaṁ prabhuḥ

The current act that you are trying to perform is never done before by any other Brahma.

Once realising the mistake he has committed after speaking with his sons Brahma left the body he is occupying right now.

sa itthaṁ gṛṇataḥ putrān

puro dṛṣṭvā prajāpatīn

prajāpati-patis tanvaṁ

tatyāja vrīḍitas tadā

tāṁ diśo jagṛhur ghorāṁ

nīhāraṁ yad vidus tamaḥ

Lord brahma left the body and it turned into dangerous fog in all darkness.

Now as again the creation process should continue uninterrupted Lord Brahma appeared from Narayana to aide the universe.

Matha Saraswati, the creation of previous Lord Brahma became wife of current Lord Brahma and whole universe went into the state that we know of now.

The moral of this whole story is that Dharma is to be followed and adhered by everyone. There are no exceptions to this and God himself adheres to it and asks us to stick to it.

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    I've read bhagvatam, there is no mention of saraswati of previous Brahma becoming wife of current Brahma, if he was the first Brahma to commit such mistake and was punished for it then how after that did saraswati end up as wife of Brahma? – Anisha May 1 '18 at 4:39
  • @Anisha unfortunately that needs to be inferred as the next verse of bhagavatam will immediately move onto time brahma created vedas. This implies that another brahma came into existence as last brahma left his body. – Tej May 1 '18 at 4:44

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