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HanumAn is said to be an ansha avatar of Lord Shiva. With an ansha avatar being defined as a partial avatar. Where is the proof of HanumAn being a ansha avatar from the hindu scriptures?

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  • No I am specically looking for proof that he is an ANSHA avatar.
    – Wikash_
    Jul 1, 2018 at 8:14
  • 1
    You can edit the question a lil bit. I guess ur main inquiry is - "Why is Hanuman considered as a partial avatara of Lord Shiva as opposed to a full avatara?" Since, u are not asking whether he is an avatara or not (which u already know to be the case) it's not a duplicate.
    – Rickross
    Jul 1, 2018 at 15:03
  • Thanks for the suggestion. I am not good in choosing the correct words. How can I now remove the duplicate marking?
    – Wikash_
    Jul 1, 2018 at 17:14
  • There are already 2 reopen votes for the question. So, 3 more reopen votes are required to remove that duplicate marking from the question.
    – Rickross
    Jul 2, 2018 at 6:15
  • @UdayKrishna So there is no scriptual basis that he is an partial avatar?
    – Wikash_
    Jul 4, 2018 at 13:09

2 Answers 2

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There are multiple references in the Paurāṇika Literature that refers to Hanumān as "Śiva's (Rudra's) part" i.e. Rudra-'aṃśa'.

Some of those references are -

  1. Skanda Purāṇa
    (i): SkP 5.2.79.6.b
    (ii). SkP 5.3.84.6.a

  2. Brahmavaivarta Purāṇa: BP 4.62.63

  3. Nāradīya Purāṇa: NP 1.79.353




1. Skanda Purāṇa :

  • In two different Chapters, Skanda Purāṇa (Book 5 - Āvantya-khaṇḍa) explicitly refers to Hanumān as an 'aṃśa' (i.e., part) of Rudra.

(i). Section 2 - Caturaśīti-liṅga-māhātmya

Verse 5.2.79.6

चिरं जीवतु दीर्घायुर्वानरो हनुमान्सदा । अंजनीगर्भसंभूतो रुद्रांशो हि धरातले ॥ ६ ॥

ciraṃ jīvatu dīrghāyurvānaro hanumānsadā | aṃjanīgarbhasaṃbhūto rudrāṃśo hi dharātale || 6 ||

  1. May the monkey Hanumān be long-lived. He is a part of Rudra on the surface of the earth. He is born in the womb of Añjanā.

Chapter 79 - Hanumatkeśvara, Caturaśīti-liṅga-māhātmya


AND


(ii). Section 3 - Revā-khaṇḍa

Verse 5.3.84.5-6

Īśvara said:

तस्मिन्प्रशासति ततो राज्यं निहतकण्टकम् । कृतकार्योऽथ हनुमान्कैलासमगात्पुरा ॥ ५ ॥
ततो नन्दी प्रतीहारो रुद्रांशमपि तं कपिम् । न च संगमयामास रुद्रेणाघौघहारिणा ॥ ६ ॥

  1. & 6. Hanumān who had completed his task went to Kailāsa. Nandin, the doorkeeper, did not allow the monkey, though he was a part of Rudra, to meet Rudra, the destroyer of a heap of sins.

Chapter 84 - Kapi and Other Tīrthas




2. Brahmavaivarta Purāṇa:

  • This reference is found in the Śrī-Kṛṣṇa-janma Khaṇḍaḥ

Chapter 62 - The Life Story of Rāma

हनुमान्पययौ लङ्कां सीतान्वेषणहेतवे ।
रामादधीतसंदेशो ययौ रुद्रकलोद्भवः६३

Hanumān who was born of the aṃśa of Rudra receiving the message from Rāma traveled to Lanka in search of Sītā

English Translation by Shanti Lal Nagar




3. Nāradīya Purāṇa

  • This is found in Chapter 79 - Part 1 of the Nāradīya Purāṇa

Chapter 79 - Hanumaccaritraṃ

प्रत्यक्षं मम विप्रेंद्र हनुमान्हर्षमागगतः ॥ ७९-३५२ ॥ समस्तभूषासु षेतांगः स्वदीप्तिर्मदीकृतदेवदीप्तिः ।। प्रसन्नमूर्तिस्तरुणः शिवांशः संभावयामास समस्तदेवान् ॥ ७९-३५३ ॥

Hanumān was highly pleased this has been seen by me. Hanumān is well bedecked in all ornaments. He has made the luster of gods dim by his excellent luster. He has a delighted form, he is young. Hanumān is a part of Śiva. He honored all the gods.




So,

Question - Why is Hanuman considered as a partial avatara of Lord Shiva as opposed to a full avatara?

Ans - Because the above mentioned scriptures say so.

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God Hanuman is called Shambhu-putra (God Shiva's son) [Ref: Parashara Samhita 54.8 translated by Dr Annadanam Sasthry].

Of course, this also means He was an 'ansha' (part) of God Shiva.

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