Rig Veda Book 1 Hymn 22 enumerates many goddesses as the souses of the gods:

9 O Agni, hither bring to us the willing Spouses of the Gods, And Tvaṣṭar, to the Soma draught. 10 Most youthful Agni, hither bring their Spouses, Hotrā, Bhāratī, Varūtrī, Dhiṣaṇā, for aid. 11 Spouses of Heroes, Goddesses, with whole wings may they come to us With great protection and with aid. 12 Indrāṇī, Varuṇānī, and Agnāyī hither I invite, For weal, to drink the Soma juice. 13 May Heaven and Earth, the Mighty Pair, bedew for us our sacrifice, And feed us full with nourishments.

The latter three are easily understandable but what about the first four? Bharati I think is the consort of Vayu but I am not sure about the others. Are these goddesses HotrA, VarUtri & DhisanA described in any other scriptures?

1 Answer 1



Dhisana is one of the Hindu goddess of prosperity in Hinduism. She appears sometimes in the hymns in most of the mandala in Rig Veda one of the vedas. She had also been mentioned as the goddess of fire, sun, moon & stars.

Citing from Yajur Veda (PRAPATHAKA IV):

i. 4. 1.

c Ye Dhisanas, that are strong, be strengthened; gather strength, and give me strength; let me not harm you, harm me not.

i. 6. 12

That to which Dhisana impelled me have I produced; I shall praise Indra before the decisive day;

i. 3. 13.

Let Agni (kindled) with the kindling-stick hear my appeal, Let the waters hear, and the divine Dhisanas; Hearken, ye pressing stones, to the sacrifice of me the wise one, Let the god Savitr hearken to my appeal.


Hotrâ literally means offering, as in Agni-hotra which is the sacrificial fire, which means offerings to the Agni.

Bhâratî the full name is given, Hotrâ Bhâratî, i. e. 'the Offering of the Bharatas.'

hótrâ, oblation, I, 36, 7; II, 2, 8;—Hótrâ Bháratî, I, 142, 92; II, 1, 11:1;—the Hotri's work, worship, IV, 2, 10:1.

Read the following stanza for it's meaning & usage:

  1. Thou, Agni, O god, art Aditi to the worshipper. Thou, being Hotrâ Bhâratî 1, growest strong by prayer. Thou art Idâ, living a hundred winters, for (the increase of) ability. Thou, the killer of Vritra, O Lord of wealth, art Sarasvatî 2.


varūtrī basically means - female protector or guardian goddess as explained here in Sanskrit dictionary

Rig Veda Book 5 Hymn 41

pade-pade me jarimā ni dhāyi varūtrī vā śakrā yā pāyubhiś ca |

HYMN XLI. Viśvedevas

Duly to each one hath my laud been offered. Strong be Varūtrī with her powers to succour. May the great Mother Rasā here befriend us, straight-handed, with the princes, striving forward.


They who come emulous to our oblation, dispensing bounty, from the earth and heaven. May they and Ahibudhnya hear our calling: guard us Varūtrī with the Ekadhenus.

  • Thanks for the attempt but these are explanations of the terms not really the stories of these women. I want to know who they are as spouses of gods and also of which gods respectively? Commented Jul 10, 2018 at 8:55

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