Vaishanivsm has categorized Bhakti into nine groups:

“Sravanam Keerthanam Vishnoo:
Smaranam Pada Sevanam
Archanam Vandhanam Dhasyam
Sakhyam Athma Nivedhanam”

They are:

1.Sravanam – Listen

2.Keerthanam – Sing

3.Smaranam – Think over / Always Remember

4.Pada Sevanam – Surrender the Lotus Feet

5.Archanam – Worship

6.Vandanam – Pray

7.Daasyam – Execute Orders / Dutiful

8.Sakhyam – Friendly

9.Athma Nivedhanam – Completely Surrender

My question is, Has any Acharya illustrated with slokas for the 9 steps of bhakthi and if slokas are available, what are they?

  • Do you want illustration of Vaishnava acharyas only or by others also? Because Nav-Vidha bhakti is general term in Hinduism. Commented Aug 2, 2018 at 7:41
  • 1
    @SwiftPushkar Preferably Vaishnava Acharyas. If you can provide others also not an issue. Commented Aug 2, 2018 at 8:30
  • It's from SB 7.5.23-24... the post How can one increase bhakti? is related or may be it's possible duplicate of that..
    – YDS
    Commented Aug 2, 2018 at 8:41
  • @YDS Pl read the question fully. I asked for slokas also pertaining to this. To my knowledge all the questions are duplicate because there are no questions to ask. Hinduism is fully covered. If we ask new questions then it will be opinion based. It is like doing multiple rounds in watsapp. Commented Aug 2, 2018 at 9:14
  • @ParthasarathyRaghavan First of all i gave u scriptural ref where the shoka can be found and thats helpful bcz u can read different commentaries on that...2nd i didn't vote to close ur Q...3rd that answer is also helpful bcz it gives devotees name who did that bhakti from Navadha...i don't know why u r angree on my comment.. 🤔 which is quite helpful.. :D
    – YDS
    Commented Aug 2, 2018 at 11:48

1 Answer 1


In Padyāvalī (53) and Bhakti-rasāmṛta-sindhu (1.2.265), Srila Rupa Goswami has given examples of devotees who attained perfection by executing one of the 9 processes of Bhakti.

श्री विष्णोः श्रवणे परीक्षिद् अभवद् वैयासकिः कीर्तने
प्रह्लादः स्मरणे तद्-अङ्घ्रि-भजने लक्ष्मीः पृथुः पूजने ।
अक्रूरस् त्व् अभिवन्दने कपि-पतिर् दास्ये’थ सख्ये’र्जुनः
सर्वस्वात्म-निवेदने बलिर् अभूत् कृष्णाप्तिर् एषां परा ॥

Mahārāja Parīkṣit attained the highest perfection, shelter at Lord Kṛṣṇa's lotus feet, simply by hearing about Lord Viṣṇu. Śukadeva Gosvāmī attained perfection simply by reciting Śrīmad-Bhāgavatam. Prahlāda Mahārāja attained perfection by remembering the Lord. The goddess of fortune attained perfection by massaging the transcendental legs of Mahā-Viṣṇu. Mahārāja Pṛthu attained perfection by worshiping the Deity, and Akrūra attained perfection by offering prayers unto the Lord. Vajrāṅgajī [Hanumān] attained perfection by rendering service to Lord Rāmacandra, and Arjuna attained perfection simply by being Kṛṣṇa’s friend. Bali Mahārāja attained perfection by dedicating everything to the lotus feet of Kṛṣṇa

In the Chaitanya Charitamrta, Krishnadas Kaviraj Goswami explains that each of these 9 processes are independent to awaken love of Godhead. So they may not always be executed in stages.

’eka' aṅga sādhe, keha sādhe 'bahu' aṅga 'niṣṭhā' haile upajaya premera taraṅga

When one is firmly fixed in devotional service, whether he executes one or many processes of devotional service, the waves of love of Godhead will awaken.

'eka' aṅge siddhi pāila bahu bhakta-gaṇa ambarīṣādi bhaktera 'bahu' aṅga-sādhana

"There are many devotees who execute only one of the nine processes of devotional service. Nonetheless, they get ultimate success. Devotees like Mahārāja Ambarīṣa execute all nine items, and they also get ultimate success.

As per the (Bhagavata Purana 9.4.18-20), Mahārāja Ambarīṣa always engaged:

  1. his mind at the lotus feet of Kṛṣṇa,
  2. his words in describing the spiritual world and the Supreme Personality of Godhead,
  3. his hands in cleansing and washing the Lord's temple**, **his ears in hearing topics about the Supreme Lord,
  4. his eyes in seeing the Deity of Lord Kṛṣṇa in the temple,
  5. his body in embracing Vaiṣṇavas or touching their lotus feet,
  6. his nostrils in smelling the aroma of the tulasī leaves offered to Kṛṣṇa's lotus feet,
  7. his tongue in tasting food offered to Kṛṣṇa,
  8. his legs in going to places of pilgrimage like Vṛndāvana and Mathurā or to the Lord's temple,
  9. his head in touching the lotus feet of the Lord and offering Him obeisances, and his desires in serving the Lord faithfully.

In this way Mahārāja Ambarīṣa engaged his senses in the transcendental loving service of the Lord. As a result, he awakened his dormant loving propensity for the Lord's service.

sa vai manaḥ kṛṣṇa-padāravindayor vacāṁsi vaikuṇṭha-guṇānuvarṇane karau harer mandira-mārjanādiṣu śrutiṁ cakārācyuta-sat-kathodaye mukunda-liṅgālaya-darśane dṛśau tad-bhṛtya-gātra-sparśe 'ṅga-saṅgamam ghrāṇaṁ ca tat-pāda-saroja-saurabhe śrīmat-tulasyā rasanāṁ tad-arpite pādau hareḥ kṣetra-padānusarpaṇe śiro hṛṣīkeśa-padābhivandane kāmaṁ ca dāsye na tu kāma-kāmyayā yathottamaśloka-janāśrayā ratiḥ

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