I am reading Bibek Debroy's english translation of Harivamsha. Chapter 8 of this book says that Vivasvan (Sun) had 3 children. 1 daughter - Yamuna and 2 sons - Vaivasvata prajapati and other is Shraddha-deva prajapati.

Bibek Debroy mentions in footnote that Shraddha-deva is Yama (God of Shraddhas).

You can also look here and here for same. It says

Out of those two prajApati-s one is vaivasvata prajApati, because he is the son of vivasvAn, namely the Sun himself while the other is shrAddha-deva, presiding deity of obsequial oblations, namely yama, or also called shamana, the eternal silencer and the girl is a twin sister of yama, named as lady yamuna...

Now, Srimad Bhagvatam 8.13.1 says that present manu is Shraddha-deva.

So considering Harivamsha, one would imagine that Yama = Shraddha-deva = present Manu = Vaivasvata Manu.

However, answer of this post, quotes following from Vishnu Purana; which says that it's the other son of Sun who is Manu but not Yama.

Sanjná, the daughter of Viśwakarman, was the wife of the sun, and bore him three children, the Manu (Vaivaswata), Yama, and the goddess Yamí (or the Yamuná river)

Now my confusion and question is: Out of 2 sons of Vivasvan (Sun) who is Manu of present manavantara?


As per Śrīmad-Bhāgavatam (Bhāgavata Purāṇa) 8.13,

Of the three wives of the sun-god Vivasvān, the wife named Saṁjñā had three children — Yama, Yamī and Śrāddhadeva. Chāyā had a son named Sāvarṇi and a daughter named Tapatī. Chāyā’s third child is known as Śanaiścara [Saturn]. Vaḍavā gave birth to two sons, namely the Aśvinī brothers. Śrāddhadeva is the seventh Manu. Sāvarṇi will become the eighth Manu.

So, it's clear that present Manu is not Yama but another son of Vivasvān.

Because of being the son of Vivasvān, the current Manu is known as Vaivasvata Manu. But Vaivasvata is name of Yama too as he is also son of Vivasvān. One word may have multiple meanings, many are given here for Shraddhadeva.

In previous birth, Śrāddhadeva Manu was Satyavrata, the King of Draviḍadeśa as described in From which dimension of existence did Matsya take the Sapatarishis? And to where? post.

  • So it seems that both the son of Vivasvan are called Sraddhadeva. But Yama is not the Manu. Thanks
    – Ketan
    Aug 18 '18 at 19:02
  • 1
    Yes, Śraddhā is wife of Vaivasvata Manu. So one meaning might be Śraddhā's Deva (husband) i.e. Śrāddhadeva...
    – YDS
    Aug 19 '18 at 15:21

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