We know Shiva is the Lord. But it is not clear what is meant by Shivaaya ?

My question is : What is the meaning of Shivaaya ?

  • You mean சிவாய இல்லை சிவய ? Commented Aug 20, 2018 at 3:19
  • Shivaya means to Shiva.. Om namah shivaya.. means prostration to Shiva.. for female deities like Durga it will Om durgayai namaha.. so here yai instead of ya.
    – Rickross
    Commented Aug 20, 2018 at 5:20
  • @Rickross please add that as an answer. Commented Aug 20, 2018 at 5:26
  • @DheerajVerma But I need to find some references too.
    – Rickross
    Commented Aug 20, 2018 at 5:42
  • @DheerajVerma You are asking the meaning of Shivaya from Panchakshari mantra "Namah Shivaya". Aren't you? Are you asking something else? Commented Aug 20, 2018 at 9:51

3 Answers 3


शिवाय (Śivāya) is 4th Vibhakti of शिव (Shiva). 4th Vibhakti means to/for whom.

So the meaning of Śivāya would be to/for Shiva.

Example: ॐ नमः शिवाय (Om Namah Shivaya): Om salutations to Lord Shiva!

Below are the basic details on 8 Vibhaktis:

  1. 1st: Subject
  2. 2nd: Object
  3. 3rd: by/with/through whom
  4. 4th: to/for whom
  5. 5th: from whom
  6. 6th: shows possession (E.g. Ram's or of Ram)
  7. 7th: in/on whom
  8. 8th: when addressing

The below lines of Ram Raksha Stotra have all the Vibhaktis in order:

रामो राजमणिः सदा विजयते रामं रमेशं भजे।

रामेण अभिहता निशाचरचमू रामाय तस्मै नमः।

रामात् नास्ति परायणं परतरं रामस्य दासोस्म्यहम्।

रामे चित्तलयः सदा भवतु मे भो राम! मामुद्धर।।३७॥

I worship Rama whose jewel (among kings) who always wins and who is lord of Lakshmi (goddess of wealth)। Through whom the hordes of demons who move at night have been destroyed, I salut that Rama [my salutations to that Rama]।

There is no place of surrender greater than Rama, (and thus) I am servant of Rama

My mind is totally absorbed in Rama. O Rama, please lift me up (from lower to higher self)॥37॥


Shivay and Shivaya

We have a lot of meanings from Shiva (sanskrit शिव, IAST: Śiva) in the Vedas, but I will write about the etymology.

The teacher Bal Gangadhar Tilak in 1903 wrote the book "The Arctic Home in the Vedas" (the link to full english book in PDF). In it, he argued that the Vedas could only have been composed in the Arctics, and the Aryans (slavic folks) brought them south after the onset of the last ice age.

Šiwa, Živa, also Živena, Żiwia, Siva, Sieba, is the slavic goddess of life and fertility. She is worshiped throughout what is now Poland, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, and Germany (and especially the Elbe (Labe) river valley), before Christianity expanded into the area. Her name means "living, being, existing".

A large and dark main-belt asteroid "140 Siwa" (ˈʃiːwə) was discovered 1874 and named after Šiwa, the Slavic god.

In India the name Shiva is spoken from a lot of people like Siwa too.

When we would like to translate the word Zhiva (Šiwa / Živa) from slavic language into english then we have this meanings:

  • living; someone who lives;
  • source of life.

I think Shivay and Shivaya are the forms of russian words Zhivoy (rus. Живой) and Zhivaya (rus. Живая). We can understand the meaning only if we go to russian language. Zhivoy (rus. Живой) is in english "one men, who lives". And Zhivaya (rus. Живая) is in english "one woman, who lives".

This is my knowlege. And I hope it can help someone.

Hare Hare Mahadev! Ohm Namah Shivaya!

Concept of god Ardhanaareeswara - half men and half woman of god Shiva.

The half-man half-woman Ardhanareeswar represents the union of Shiva and Shakti, the basic tenets of creation, the unchanging Consciousness and Drive that gives motility.

Shiva as half-man half-woman Ardhanareeswar


சிவாய என்ற அச்சரம் சிவம் இருக்கும் அச்சரம் உபாயம் என்று நம்புவோருக்கு உண்மையான அச்சரம் - சித்தர் சிவவாக்கியர் பாடல்

This is Siddhar Sivavakkiyar song about true nature of soul = which is Shiva.

"The soul is running it's life in the body in the sound vibration of Si va ya

And this vibration works only for truly surrendered souls to the supreme"

Si va ya here refers to the sound in which your soul is living in the body. Also out of five elements of nature, the fire, air, and space energy's Sound vibration are - SI VA YA (not Shivay). The more you utter the mantra SI VA YA - it directly connects you to spiritual realm of vibrations.

That's why even avvaiyar also said "Those who think of SI VA YA without any deviation, for them no harm is done"

  • This is an English Language site and answers should be in English only. Not many users can understand Tamil. Transliterate Tamil into English script. Commented Aug 20, 2018 at 6:59
  • I have given explanation in English on the song Commented Aug 20, 2018 at 7:22
  • I asked for transliteration. Transliteration means writing other language into understandable script. Write it in English script. We can't read Tamil or understand it. Only English is allowed here. Use @username to reply otherwise I won't be notified again. Commented Aug 20, 2018 at 7:44

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