In RV.7.35 Rishi Vashist MaitraVaruni describes various gods, things and places which were auspicious. Here in the hymn 5 we find a term jishnu -

sham no rajsaspatirstu jishnu

T.H.Griffith translates this as -

gracious the Lord victorious of the region.

But, I have found this term Jishnu in GujarAti Dictionary as an another name of Lord Indra. Now I want to know - do other other scriptures validate or contradict the meaning found in GujarAti Dictionary?

  • 1
    The word Jishnu appears many times in the Vishnu-sahasranama-stotra ('vishnum jishnum mahavishnum...' and also 'avikaaraya shuddhaaya...vishnave sarva-jishnave' etc) – user1952500 Aug 21 '18 at 19:25

The Mantra you quoted in the question is from Rig-Veda -Mandala 7 - Sukta 35 - The Rishi of this sukta is Vaisihtha MaitraVaruni . And Devata is Vishwadevas i.e. Various gods. These are Mantras for peace and bliss.

शं नो द्यावापृथिवी पूर्वहूतौ शमन्तरिक्षं दृशये नो अस्तु |
शं न ओषधीर्वनिनो भवन्तु शं नो रजसस्पतिरस्तु जिष्णु: ||Rig-Veda 7.35.5||

Early invoked, may Heaven and Earth be friendly, and Air's mid-region good for us to look on. To us may Herbs and Forest-Trees be gracious, gracious the Lord Victorious of the region.

The meaning of the word "Jishnu" translated by various authors are somewhat same .Jishnu (जिष्णु) = Victorious Lokpal or Lok Pati , Lord Victorious of the region, Victorious lord of the world etc.

Now lets see what other scriptures like Mahabharata and Puranas are saying about this word.

Starting from Mahabharata , the word Jishnu is used here for Arjuna. i.e. Jishnu is one of the ten names of Arjuna. Here in Virata Parva - Gau haran parva - Chapter 44 -Arjuna himself is telling his name Jishnu to uttara.

अहं दुरापो दुर्धर्षो दमन: पाकशासनि: |
तेन देवमनुष्येषु जिष्णुर्नामास्मी विश्रुत : ||21||

I am known among human beings and celestials by the name of Jishnu, because I am unapproachable and incapable of being kept down, and a tamer of adversaries and son of the slayer of Paka.

Here Arjuna is saying that he is son of Indra , but the name is of Arjuna although mention of Indra.

In puranas like Garuda Purana - Achar Kanda - Chapter 31 - Description of another form of Vishnu worship , the name Jishnu is used fro Lord Vishnu as one of his name uttered during worship.

जिष्णवे सर्वदेवानां सर्वगाय महात्मने ||
ब्रह्मेन्द्ररूद्रवन्द्याय सर्वेशाय नमोनम: ||27||

salutation unto the great Jishnu the lord of all gods and present everywhere. Salutation again and again unto the lord of all adored of Brahma , Rudra and Indra.

In Vayu Purana - Chapter -25 - "Description of the obtainment of a boon from Shankara of Vishnu. " - Its said that Lord Vishnu (probably Maha Vishnu) created two of his forms , same as brothers one is Vishnu and another is "Jishnu" to protect Brahma from demons Madhu and Kaitabha.

गते तस्मिन्स्ततोSनन्त उद्गिर्य भ्रातरौ मुखात |
विष्णुं जिष्णुं च प्रोवाच ब्रह्माण भिरक्षताम|
मधुकैटभयोर्ज्ञ्नात्वा तयोरागमनं पुनः ||Vayu Purana 25.37 ||

When Brahma had gone , Lord Vishnu created two brothers - Vishnu and Jishnu out of his mouth and instructed them - Both of you should protect Brahma having known the arrival of Madhu and Kaitabha .

So again we can here see the association of the name Jishnu to Vishnu. And Vishnu created two brothers from his mouth (probably Nara-Narayana) .

So as you required the Puranas and Mahabharata meaning of word Jishnu is different than the meaning found in GujarAti Dictionary you have seen . Although one of the name of the Indra is jishnu , but the word is also used for Vishnu and Arjuna.

Here are the various meaning of the word from spokensanskrit .

  • Thanks for bringing two references, with divergent meaning, I find the reference from Maha Bharata more in proximity of Rig Veda than that of Garud Purana. But I am not satisfied with the translation. So I would like to elaborate your answer. – B.N. Bhaskar Aug 21 '18 at 13:41
  • 1
    I remember that word occurs in वैदिक राष्ट्रगीत: "ॐ आ ब्रह्मन् ब्राह्मणो ब्रह्मवर्चसी जायताम् । अास्मिन राष्ट्रे राजन्य: इषव्य: शूरो महारथो जायताम् । दोग्ध्री धेनु: वोढा ऽनडवान् आशु: सप्ति: पुरन्ध्रि: योषा जिष्णू रथेष्ठा: सभेयो युवास्य यजमानस्य वीरो जायताम् । निकामे निकामे न: पर्जन्यो वर्षतु फलवत्यो न ओषधय: पच्यन्तां योगक्षेमो न: कल्पताम् ।। - शुक्ल यजु. २२.२२ – Paṇḍyā Aug 22 '18 at 1:33
  • @Pandya - Yes , that's great find. Unfortunately the two commentaries on that mantra aren't explaining the detail meaning of word and the the mantra is dedicated to Brahman. Devata of that mantra is Lingokta , so is not associated with Indra. – SwiftPushkar Aug 22 '18 at 5:35
  • @B.N.Bhaskar Ok , I will try to find the meaning of the word as you required. BTW i have just updated answer with one more ref. from Vayu purana. Even seems like the word Jishnu also is use for Sun god. – SwiftPushkar Aug 22 '18 at 5:39

You must log in to answer this question.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged .