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I have heard stories of Surya getting married to Vishwakarma's daughter but I don't know the name of Vishwakarma's wife. Who was she and what is her story?

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Your enquiry is about the wife of Vishwakarma also called as Tvaṣṭā (त्वष्टा). The puranas is giving us the name of wife of Vishwakarma. one prominent and definite among them is Virocanā (विरोचना).


In Vayu Purana - Book 2 -Chapter 22 its mentioned that Virocanā was Praladas daughter and sister of Vairocana (son of Prahlada) was the wife of Tvashta , the next few shlokas also mention Surya getting married to Vishwakarma's daughter Samjana. .

प्रह्लादी विश्रुता तस्य त्वष्टुः पत्नी विरोचना
विरोचनस्य भगिनी माता त्रिशिरसस्तु सा ।। Vayu Purana 2.22.19 ।।

19 Tvastrs wife was the famous daughter of Prahlada and the sister of Virocana and the mother of Trisiras.

Here in above verse its mentioned that very clearly .


सुरेणुरिति विख्याता स्वसा तस्य यवीयसी।
त्वाष्ट्री सा सवितुर्भार्य्या पुनः संज्ञेति विश्रुता ।।2.22.21।।

21 His younger sister , the daughter of Tvastr (originally) famous by the name of Surenu became the wife of the Sun and is well known as Samjhana.


The above is also confirmed from Brahmanda Purana -Part 3 - Chapter 59 - Birth Of Vaivasvata - 2.3.59 .

19 Virocana , famous as the daughter of Prahlada was the wife of Tvastr . She was the sister of Virocana and mother of Trisiras.


Srimad Bhagavata Purana - Skanda 5- Chapter 15- Verse 15 is also giving us the name of wife of Tvasta aka Vishwakarma as Virocana.

ष्टाजनिष्ट त्वष्टुर्विरोचनायां विरजो विरजस्य || SB 5.15.15||

Bhauvana begot a son named Tvashta. In the womb of his wife Virocana, Tvashta begot a son named Viraja.


So from above three accounts we can say that Virocanā (विरोचना) was the wife of Tvashta , was the mother-in-law-of-surya. Also note that there are two similar english names here with same spelling but different pronunciations 1) Virochana (Sanskrit: विरोचन) and 2 ) Virocanā (विरोचना) ,sister of Virochana.


Below is screenshot of Vayu purana verses.

Vayu Purana 2.22.19

  • I have a question from the snapshot you shared - does this mean the Maya Danav was son of Vishwakarma and brother of Sangya? – Amrit Dhara Aug 31 '18 at 17:46
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    The link given in the above answer en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Virochana is about grandson of Hiranyakashipu, son of Prahlada, doesn't state it's a female wife of Viswakarma anywhere. – Just_Do_It Aug 31 '18 at 18:32
  • Found another instance in purana that says "Prahlada‘s son was Virochana and Virochana‘s son was Vali. Vali was defeated by Vishnu in his vamana (dwarf) incarnation. Vali had a son named Vana." – Just_Do_It Aug 31 '18 at 18:58
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    @Just_Do_It I have provided the link to separate two virochanas , the link is to show that who is male virochana is . – SwiftPushkar Sep 2 '18 at 6:25
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    @SwiftPushkar I feel that this lady could be the wife of Tvashtri but this Tvashtra may not be Vishwakarma rather is the son of Vishwakarma. Check this link from Vishnu Puran - sacred-texts.com/hin/vp/vp050.htm and search for yogasiddha – Dr. Vineet Aggarwal Sep 4 '18 at 11:05
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Well not really sure about the story but Viśvakarmā had a wife named Ākṛtī.

Citing from SB 6.6.15:

From Āṅgirasī, the wife of the Vasu named Vāstu, was born the great architect Viśvakarmā. Viśvakarmā became the husband of Ākṛtī, from whom the Manu named Cākṣuṣa was born. The sons of Manu were known as the Viśvadevas and Sādhyas.

Found another reference here:

Viśvakarmā (विश्वकर्मा).—A Prajāpati. His daughter Barhiṣmatī was the wife of Priyavrata.1 A son of Vāstu and Āngirasī; wife was Kṛti (Akṛti, Bhāgavata-purāṇa). Father of Manu Cākṣuṣa.2 The divine architect skilled in making weapons. Made vajra of Dadhīci's body and built Indra's abode and erected Sutalam.3 Fought with Maya in Devāsura war. Two more daughters of his were Samjñā and Chāyā who were married to the Sun god.4 Was ordered by Kṛṣṇa to build a city for the Pāṇḍavas;5 built Garuḍa's abode;6 an author on architecture;7 father of four sons; originator of all śilpas, arts and crafts;8 presented Śrī with jewels.

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    Actually the name of the wife of Tvasta mentioned in the verse is Kruti and not Akriti. The translation is not proper see- विश्वकर्माकृतीपतिः - viśvakarmākṛtī-patiḥ – SwiftPushkar Aug 31 '18 at 2:25
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    Thank you but this lady does not seem to be the mother of Surya's wife. – Amrit Dhara Aug 31 '18 at 17:27
  • @SwiftPushkar Visvakarmakritipatih can also be divide as Visvakarma+Akriti+Patih. – Triyugi Narayan Mani Sep 1 '18 at 5:21
  • @TriyugiNarayanMani Yes you are right , but Gita Press translation is mentioning the kriti word. And the "a" is already used for vishvakarma in this case. SO its more likely that its kriti than akriti. – SwiftPushkar Sep 2 '18 at 6:23

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