Many scholars have stated that the Granth contains specific references to Hindu gods such as Rama and Krishna. Guru Arjan Dev, the fifth Guru, declared: “Na koi hindu na koi mussalman" (No one is Hindu or Muslim)”
Nevertheless, in the Adi Granth he compiled around 1600 AD a little over 11,000 names of God that appear over 95% are of Hindu origin: Hari, Rama, Gopal, Govind, Madhav, Vithal and others. Some like 'Allah, Rab, Malik' are Muslim. The exclusively Sikh word for God, Wahguru, appears only 16 times.
If the Guru Granth Sahib were to be examined, there is no difference between Hinduism and Sikhism because the Granth is based on the Hindu scriptures and beliefs.The Granth invokes the name of
- Krishna 10,000 times
- Rama 2400 times
- It invokes Parabrahma 550 times
- Omkar 400 times
- It invokes the authority of the Vedas, Puranas, Smritis about 350 times
- The names of the Nirguna Absolute – Jagdish, Nirankar, Niranjan, Atma, Paramatma, Parmeshwar, Antaryami, Kartar – are invoked 2600 times.
- Those of Saguna deity – Gobind, Murari, Madhav, Saligram, Vishnu, Sarangpani, Mukund, Thakur, Damodar, Vasudev, Mohan, Banwari, Madhusudan, Keshav, Chaturbhuj, etc, – are invoked 2,000 times
In the entire Guru Granth Sahib, the Vedas are respected and referred to as sacred. Guru Gobind Singh states that
The Vedas originated from Brahma and the path of the Vedas is the only path for the people to follow:.
Guru Tegh Bahadur is executed explicitly for his defense of the Hindus of Kashmir, he is executed in the company of his Hindu devotees. Guru Gobind Singh composes a paen to Rama – Ramavatara – and another to Krishna – Krishnavatara.
He declares as his aspiration:
Sakal jagat mein khalsa panth gaaje
Jage dharma Hindu, sakal bhand bhaje
Let the path of the pure prevail all over the world
Let the Hindu dharma dawn and all delusion disappear.
He declares as his goal:
Dharam vedamaryaada jag mein chalaaun
Gaughaat kaa dosh jag se mitaaun
May I spread dharma and prestige of the Veda in the world. And erase from it the sin of cow-slaughter.