These days, many Sanyasis have entered politics. The most notable example would be perhaps Yogi Adityanath, the chief-minister of the largest state in India, Uttar-Pradesh. However, many spiritual authorities such as highly respected Swami Vivekananda is said to have been critical of Sanyasis who indulge in politics.

My question is:

Do any scriptures allow Sanyasis to be rulers?

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    if someone with neither education, courage nor compassion can become minister (like it's happening these days), then someone with education, courage and compassion can also become minister. if kshatriyas don't do their duty in society, or if there are no kshatriyas, brahamanas had to step in (e.g. case of king Vena in Bhagavata Purana, at least to get a new king) – mar Nov 18 '18 at 16:56
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    My understanding he is not sannyas, he is a brahmin. And no, scripture does not allow. – Swami Vishwananda Nov 19 '18 at 10:16
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    He is a yogi from nath panth and not typical sanyasi. Nath panth and akharas are known to contribute to nationalism and even they fight with invaders when needed. – Rakesh Joshi Nov 20 '18 at 14:07
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    There is nothing bigger than rashtra dharma. When national structure of dharma is in danger then everyone should contribute to the need of the hour – Rakesh Joshi Nov 20 '18 at 14:08
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    well said @RakeshJoshi, yogi adityanath is like an oasis in desert of politics. – mar Nov 22 '18 at 3:43

According to scriptures --- No way.. It is evident even from common sense ..

First of all, one who has renounced should not live in his native place. After he has renounced he has to start living in another place. How is that possible for a king?

A sage should leave his native land right after he has renounced. He should live far away from his own, like a thief just released from jail (Maitreni Upanishad 115)

Secondly, he has to be on the move always, he is not allowed to stay in a particular place for around 8 months of a year. Only during the rainy season he is allowed stay in a particular place. Obviously such a lifestyle can't be followed by a king.

An ascetic shall wander alone for eight months;" says the Aruni (8), "he shall keep a fixed residence during the entire rainy season or during just two months of it."

Thirdly, a Sannyasi has renounced everything. He can't own anything. Even for securing food he has to beg. But on the other hand, a king will own so many things. He also can't go begging for food.

The things that a Sannyasi is allowed to carry/own are very few:

A pot, a drinking cup, a sling, a tripod, a pair of shoes, a patched garment against the cold, a loincloth, a water strainer, a bathing cloth, and an outer garment: an ascetic should avoid anything else other than these

Laghu Sannyasa (21)

Let him sleep on a river bank or in a temple. Let him not afflict his body with extremes of pleasure or of pain. Let him bathe, drink, and cleanse himself with water that is purified. When he is praised let him not rejoice, nor curse others when he is reviled.

A Sannyasi also can not have a sexual life which a king is allowed to have. Moreover, a Sannyasi can not indulge in several matters which are unavoidable for a king, for e.g law enforcement etc etc:

"An ascetic's mind is inevitably perturbed if he behaves with women foolishly in these four ways. When his mind is perturbed he will perish. "Craving, anger, falsehood, deceit, greed, delusion, likes and dislikes, fine arts, the work of interpretation, desire, passion, possessions, [157] egotism, selfishness, the practice of medicine, law enforcement, atonement, travel abroad, and the use of mantras, medicines, poisons, and blessings: all these are forbidden to him. Practicing them will cause his downfall

Narada Parivrajaka. Upanishad.

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