Almost all religious places in India are located on the peak of a mountain. Why have they chosen that place? Is there any belief underlying that?
It is true that many deities have already chosen mountain for meditation,
Shiva -> Kailas in Himalaya
Dattatreya -> Giranar in Gujarat
GODDESS Kali -> Pavagirh in Gujarat
Balaji -> Thirumala
Many thousands of temples are on mountain.
Belief, Temple roof can not be walked over
There is one belief or blind faith, I do not know.
that above temple's roof where "Dwaja or flag" is there", It is prohibited that one can not walk on it. Also not on roof.
In our Gujarat also in our homes we never walk on/above the surface where our temple resides. It is strictly prohibited. That's why temples have round shaped roofs. So no body walks on it.
If it is on higher place, obviously people can see it from more distance, so it is good. But it can not be considered as "proper reason".
Especially in the case of mountain, we may have better answers.
Now to find out common reason "Why they are on temple" is very difficult to answer.
Most temples on mountain are well famous temples.
The main reason behind visiting temple is "Prasad" <- this is not food
Pra -> Prabhu's
D -> Darshan
Temples have statues, what else they have? But devotees visit and see this statue and this is Prasad. They can see their deity clearly with eyes.
This "Darshan" is valuable for devotees. Most famous temples are very ancient and chosen by deity. Nobody knows even sometimes who has performed Pran Pratishta ritual of such temples. People have to walk through stairs and do some physical exercise, which is good for their health.
But this also can not be considered as actual reason why they are on mountain.
Real Answer is in the Story
This temples are old temples. So the story behind these temples are the only thing we know about. We can find out reading or hearing story behind these temples.
Story behind the temple is the only reason or proof why they are on mountain.
This may be the right answer.
Possible Reasons of meditating on mountain
- Most Gods do meditation and they need cool atmosphere which they can find on mountains.
- Most Gods spend time practicing yogic austerities.
- Normal Humans/animals do not visit mountains regularly.
Also See : Scientific Advantages of living on mountain.