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One of the most famous wars between the gods and the Asuras (demons) was the Tarakamaya war. The war was started when Chandra the moon god kidnapped Tara, wife of Brihaspati guru of the gods. (Brihaspati is often just called Guru, and he's the god of the planet Jupiter.). To rescue their guru's wife, the gods fought a great war against Chandra, and the Asuras took Chandra's side because of Sukracharya's personal animus towards Brihaspati. In the end Chandra gave back Tara, but not before she became pregnant with his son, Budha god of the planet Mercury.

In any case, the army of the gods was led by Shiva, who fought on the side of Brihaspati because of his loyaly to Brihaspati's father Angiras, as described in the Vishnu Purana:

In vain Vrihaspati sought to recover his bride; in vain Brahmá commanded, and the holy sages remonstrated; Soma [Chandra] refused to relinquish her. Uśanas [Sukracharya], out of enmity to Vrihaspati, took part with Soma. Rudra [Shiva], who had studied under Angiras, the father of Vrihaspati, befriended his fellow-student. In consequence of Uśanas, their preceptor, joining Soma, Jambha, Kujambha, and all the Daityas, Dánavas, and other foes of the gods, came also to his assistance; whilst Indra and all the gods were the allies of Vrihaspati.

My question is, what is this story of Shiva studying under the sage Angiras?

Now Angiras was one of the mind-born sons of Brahma, so he's certainly old enough. But does anyone know any other scriptures that describe Shiva as a student of Angiras? Are there any other details known about this?

EDIT: I just found out that this chapter of the Srimad Bhagavatam also describes Shiva as a disciple of the sage Angiras:

Because of enmity between Bṛhaspati and Śukra, Śukra took the side of the moon-god and was joined by the demons. But Lord Śiva, because of affection for the son of his spiritual master, joined the side of Bṛhaspati and was accompanied by all the ghosts and hobgoblins.

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    As per Shiv-Puran, there is originally a supreme God called Sadashiv and he created Bramha Ji and Vishnu Ji and then he himself incarnated in his poorna roop as 'Rudra' (which most of us know as Shiv Ji today) from Bramha Ji's eyebrows, so may be we are talking about this form of 'Rudra' who was born may be later than Angiras and had some study under him. – Aby Nov 6 '14 at 14:44
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    My question isn't about Shiva vs Sadashiva. (Obviously we're talking about Brahma's son Shiva here, not some formless entity Brahman.) My question is about what the story is of Shiva studying under Angiras. Whether you call him Shiva or Rudra, it still doesn't answer my question. – Keshav Srinivasan Nov 22 '14 at 3:00
  • Dear @keshav bro angiras is not spritual master of lord shiva nor lord rudra lord rudra was yes in the side of devas but bramha purana doesn't discribe this thing. See yourself it is discribed in vaishnava puranas only niether kurma nor vayu just like shiva scriptures gives story of sudarshana chakra given by shiva but not else puranas. – Fierce lord Jan 27 '18 at 11:16
  • @Fiercelord First of all, I don't think there's a distinction between Shiva and Rudra. And second of all, I think the Pramana of the Vishnu Purana is good enough. As for the reason for differences between Vaishnava and Shaiva Puranas, that's due to Sattvika, Rajasika, and Tamasa Puranas. – Keshav Srinivasan Jan 27 '18 at 11:31
  • Added another reference from Brahmavaivarta Purana (considered as one of the 6 Brahma purana and by few also a Rajasa purana). – Vishwanath N Feb 21 '18 at 11:35

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