To answer the question
What are Mudras ?
Mudras act as switches to send Prana to different part of the body just like switches can be used to activate different parts of a circuit:
Life energy can be intelligently directed through the circuitry of the
nervous system to heal mind and body.
Prana is the subtle life energy of body and mind. Long ago the ancient
Masters discovered how prana moves through the complex circuitry of
the human nervous system. They found that specific hand positions, or
mudras, can act as extremely subtle switches to channel prana to
particular parts of the body. Prana directed with a correct mudra
dramatically enhances the natural healing processes in that part of
These mudras were observed by ancient Masters as the natural hand
positions displayed by all infants and children at progressive stages
How they help and what are their type ?
This page talks about some of the Mudras with their images and
Hold the thumb and index finger together lightly while extending the
remaining three fingers. The thumb and index finger need only touch
together, without exerting any pressure. Keep the three extended
fingers as straight as possible. The hands can then be placed on the
thighs, facing upwards. Now, observe the flow of breath and its
Benefits of Chin Mudra
Better retention and concentration power
Improves sleep pattern
Increases energy in the body
Alleviates lower backache
In this mudra, the thumb and forefinger form a ring and the three
remaining fingers are curled into the palms of the hands. Again, the
hands are placed on the thighs with palms facing upwards and deep
comfortable ujjai breaths are taken. Once more, observe the flow of
breath and its effect.
Benefits of Chinmaya Mudra
Improves flow of energy in the body
In Adi Mudra, the thumb is placed at the base of the small finger and
the remaining fingers curl over the thumb, forming a light fist. The
palms are again placed facing upwards on the thighs and the breathing
Benefits of Adi Mudra
Relaxes the nervous system
Helps reduce snoring
Improves the flow of oxygen to the head
Increases capacity of the lungs
It also says this:
In each yoga mudra, take at least twelve breaths and closely observe
the flow of energy in the body.
There are numerous different mudras, many mysterious and others
contemporary in nature. The main texts concerning the use of mudras
are the Hatha Yoga Pradipika and Gheranda Samhita. The Hatha Yoga
Pradipika describes 10 mudras and the Gheranda Samhita 25.
Some Yoga mudras come natural to us. Simply by touching our hands to
our fingers, we can affect our attitude and our perception and the
inherent energetic power can heal the body. There is a direct
relationship between the mudras and the five elements of the body.
According to Ayurveda, diseases are caused due to an imbalance in
the body, which in turn is caused by lack or excess of any of the five
elements. Our fingers have the characteristics of these elements and
each of these five elements serve a specific and important function
within the body. The fingers are essentially electrical circuits. The
use of mudras adjusts the flow of energy - affecting the balance of
air, fire, water, earth, ether and accommodating healing.
There are many interpretations of the various finger positions.
Whether they are represented as aspects of the self, the three
energies inherent in the gunas, the mind, intellect, ego, illusion or
karma, remains a mystery. The main point being that they introduce a
Yoga mudras are practiced sitting simply cross-legged, in Vajrasana,
or in lotus posture, or even by sitting comfortably in a chair.
Ideally, Ujjai breathing accompanies the more simple mudras.