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How to know if someone is a Deva or an incarnation of a Deva?

Do Hindu scriptures talk about how to determine whether someone who claims he is a god or avatar of a god, is actually one?

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I first want to differentiate between avatara of Bhagavan, and a temporary appearance of a Deva, because the word 'God' is used loosely in your question.

Devas are Svarga-loka vasis (residents). They may appear briefly on earth for a specific purpose, whether selfish or altruistic. An example is during Nala-Damayanti Swayamvar in Mahabharata Nalopakhyana parva, when 4 devas disguised themselves as Nala.

And when, O Bharata, the names of the monarchs were proclaimed, the daughter of Bhima saw five persons all alike in appearance. And beholding them seated there, without difference of any kind in form, doubt filled her mind, and she could not ascertain which of them was king Nala. And at whomsoever (among them) she looked, she regarded him to be the king of the Nishadhas. And filled with anxiety, the beauteous one thought within herself, 'Oh, how shall I distinguish the celestials, and how discern the royal Nala?' And thinking thus, the daughter of Vidarbha became filled with grief. And, O Bharata, recollecting the marks belonging to the celestials, of which she had heard, she thought, 'Those attributes of the celestials, of which I have heard from the aged, do not pertain to any of these deities present here upon the earth.' And revolving the matter long in her mind, and reflecting upon it repeatedly, she decided upon seeking the protection of the gods themselves.

Damayanti could not distinguish them to find out her true 'human' Nala, so she asked the Devas for differentiating characteristics.

And thereupon she beheld the celestials unmoistened with perspiration, with winkless eyes, and unfading garlands, unstained with dust, and staying without touching the ground. And Naishadha stood revealed to his shadow, his fading garlands, himself stained with dust and sweat, resting on the ground with winking eyes

Devas :
- do not sweat
- do not blink
- do not cast shadow
- garlands do not fade
- are not defiled by dust
- feet do not touch ground.

For Manushyas, all of above happens. So that's difference between deva and manushya.

Now, for avatara of Bhagavan (Paramatma Vishnu) himself, there are other distinguishing characteristics - His feet have auspicious marks of shanka & chakra, He wields Sudarshana & Panchajanya, many more, depending on type of avatara.

  • Asking just for clarification, You said devas don't sweat But when Shiva's sweat collide with Parvati's then with energy of their sweat a baby was born who lated named as Andhak. – Rishabh Dec 27 '18 at 12:19
  • @Rishabh, good point.. i don't know. maybe they don't sweat on earth, or they sweat out of desire, not need. – ram Dec 28 '18 at 2:25
  • I completely disagree with your description of avatara. Incarnation isn't one which comes with all sorts of marks so the world whole can come to know about it. Incarnations are the ones which one cannot easily recognize. Rama was incarnation and yet only 8-10 people on earth knew that he was avatara, no one else did. There is almost a guarantee that at any given point in time, there will be at least one incarnation present on earth. Such a question was asked to Sri Ramakrishna by one of his visitors or disciple - "There isn't any incarnation on earth right now" to which Sri Ramakrishna replied – Chinmay Sarupria Dec 28 '18 at 4:39
  • "How can you say that?" – Chinmay Sarupria Dec 28 '18 at 4:40
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    @ChinmaySarupria, no.. I'm saying that whenever Purna avatara of Bhagavan Paramatma himself comes down, he has the marks on his feet. For other types of avataras, where it is a jivatma with special powers, marks won't be there. – ram Dec 30 '18 at 15:22

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