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While answering the question about Shakhas of Vedas, I've read the verses of Srimad Bhagvatam and found that Yajnavalkya, upon the commend from (his Guru) Vaishampayana, vomited (relinquished) or given back the mantras of the Yajur Veda that he learnt from Vaishampayana. Those mantras are then called Taittariya Samhita or classified as Krishna Yajurveda.

Yajnavalkya then worshiped Surya Deva to get those Yajur mantras which are even unknown to Vaishampayana!

Quoting verses from Srimad Bhagvatam (similar story available from Vishnupurana, quoted in this answer to Why is Yajurveda classified as Krishna and Shukla?) :

SB 12.6.66 — My dear brāhmaṇa Śaunaka, Yājñavalkya then desired to find out new yajur-mantras unknown to even his spiritual master. With this in mind he offered attentive worship to the powerful lord of the sun.

SB 12.6.73 — Sūta Gosvāmī said: Satisfied by such glorification, the powerful sun-god assumed the form of a horse and presented to the sage Yājñavalkya yajur-mantras previously unknown in human society.

By reading that those hymns of Yajurveda (now called Shukla Yajurveda or Vajasaneyi Samhita) were not even known to Vaishampayana, following questions came in my mind:

  • If Shukla Yajurveda were not known to Vaishampayana, then it may be not known to even Vedavyasa or if Shulka Yajurveda were known to Vedavyasa, he didn't give/teach to Vaishampayana or any other Shishyas?

  • Since Shukla Yajurveda is first known by Yajnavalkya he would be Drashta of whole the Shulka Yajurveda but we know that there are Mantra Drashta Rishis who got these hymns of Shukla Yajurveda

    enter image description here
    Image source: Gayatri Pariwara Yajurveda Samhita - Part 1

    So, Yajnavalkya was not Drashta of any hymns of Shukha Yajurveda (Though there is mention of Aditya- Yajnavalkya as seer for 33.55-34.58 hymns however I'm not sure whether he is the same Yajnavalkya who got Yajurveda from Surya). That means Shukla Yajurveda was also there before Yajnavalkya got from Surya i.e as eternal as other Vedas.

If my above understanding is correct then following question comes in my mind:

  • Was the Shukla Yajurveda unknown to Vedavyasa? if yes then How did Shukla Yajurveda lost before Yajnavalkya got from Surya?
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    It only says previously not known in human society, which means they were in the society of gods, it is eternal only. It is similar to puranas which are said be 1 billion verses in number on higher planetary systems, but 4 lakh for human society. – user16618 Jan 5 at 6:47
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    For puranas I have reference: Shiva purana states[7.1.1.37–38]: The ingenious Lord abridged the Veda and then divided it [vyasta] into four. Therefore He became known as Veda-vyasa. He also summarized the Puranas in four hundred thousand verses, but in the heavenly planets they still comprise one billion verses”. It must be similar case for Vedas. Many unknown mantras which are not known to human society even known must be there in heavenly planets. – user16618 Jan 5 at 6:56
  • @RaRe The actual trasnlation is "ayāta-yāmāni — never learned by any other mortal" That means It was unknown to Vyasa or unknown in previous Yugas also? – Pandya Jan 5 at 6:56
  • We can't assume Vyasa doesn't know it, since he is incarnation of Vishnu. Like martya loka is used to refer to earth , so i think it is a valid reasoning to say that never learned by any mortal means they were not known in human society at least in this context. – user16618 Jan 5 at 7:02
  • @RaRe Ok. that means Vyasa may have not given/taught Shukla Yajurveda to any of his Shishya. – Pandya Jan 5 at 7:08

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