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Do Neo-Vedantins reject the authority of the Dharma Shastras? If so, why?

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    Again, there are no sects or groups that identify themselves as 'neo-Vedantins'. This term was invented by Western Christian orientalists to denigrate the Hindu religion. – Swami Vishwananda Jan 16 at 12:08
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    This is not the site to denigrate particular sect or group of people. – Pandya Jan 16 at 12:19
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    Term "Neo-Vedanta" is not recognized by Hindus. Western Orientalists coined that word to denigrate Hinduism. Better if you avoid using that. Be respectful to all sects. – The Destroyer Jan 16 at 13:21
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    @Ikshvaku There's no specific name for sect of Vivekananda. Different Hindus can have different views. Paul hacker coined Neo-Vedanta for spread of Christianity and obviously wiki has western bias. Scholars like Rajiv Malhotra refuted this in his book "Indra's net". You can ask questions without using word "Neo-vedanta" as it is controversial term. – The Destroyer Jan 16 at 13:42
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    Just a 3rd eye observation. I see people have flagged this as offtopic. It would be good if people can clarify what is offtopic about this or what is disrespectful in the question in the first place. – Ambi Jan 16 at 14:03
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Not sure what Neo-Vedanta is, but I am answering with the views of Swami Vivekananda on the subject.

Source: The Complete Works of Swami Vivekananda/Volume 3/Lectures from Colombo to Almora/The Sages of India.

In the first place, we have to understand a little about our scriptures. Two ideals of truth are in our scriptures; the one is, what we call the eternal, and the other is not so authoritative, yet binding under particular circumstances, times, and places. The eternal relations which deal with the nature of the soul, and of God, and the relations between souls and God are embodied in what we call the Shrutis, the Vedas. The next set of truths is what we call the Smritis, as embodied in the words of Manu. Yâjnavalkya, and other writers and also in the Purânas, down to the Tantras. The second class of books and teachings is subordinate to the Shrutis, inasmuch as whenever any one of these contradicts anything in the Shrutis, the Shrutis must prevail. This is the law. The idea is that the framework of the destiny and goal of man has been all delineated in the Vedas, the details have been left to be worked out in the Smritis and Puranas. As for general directions, the Shrutis are enough; for spiritual life, nothing more can be said, nothing more can be known. All that is necessary has been known, all the advice that is necessary to lead the soul to perfection has been completed in the Shrutis; the details alone were left out, and these the Smritis have supplied from time to time.

"and the other is not so authoritative, yet binding under particular circumstances, times, and places" -- That means he accepts that the other i.e the Dharmashastras of Manu etc are authoritative in certain times, places.. although not as authoritative as the Vedas.. So he does not completely reject the Smriti's authority.

Furthermore, he says:

The second class of books and teachings is subordinate to the Shrutis, inasmuch as whenever any one of these contradicts anything in the Shrutis, the Shrutis must prevail. This is the law.

Now, this rule or law itself (that if Sruti contradicts a Smriti the later should be rejected) is not from the Vedas but found in the Smritis and Puranas. So, he is accepting the authority of Smritis and Puranas in this case too.

  • Yes I am not sure about Neo-Vedanta's view but for Vivekananda's view I can answer and if his views are the same as those Neo-Vedanta then I have answered the Q @Ikshvaku – Rickross Jan 29 at 15:00
  • Also that Wiki article is not helpful for my purpose because which are the texts for them that I will cite to give their views? I don't know any.. but If it is Swami Vivekananda's views I can quote from his works.. @Ikshvaku – Rickross Jan 29 at 15:16
  • Alright. Btw, does Swami Vivekananda think the Manusmriti and other Dharma Shastras are applicable today? – Ikshvaku Jan 29 at 15:43
  • I hv not found such specific quotes yet .. @Ikshvaku – Rickross Jan 29 at 16:12
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I dont like the term Neo-Vedanta. But this is what Swami Vivekananda wrote in His introduction to Rajyoga:

Each soul is potentially divine.

The goal is to manifest this Divinity within by controlling nature, external and internal.

Do this either by work, or worship, or psychic control, or philosophy — by one, or more, or all of these — and be free.

This is the whole of religion. Doctrines, or dogmas, or rituals, or books, or temples, or forms, are but secondary details.

I feel this is the essence of true spirituality. This gives ME the essence of the Vedanta, the essence of Dharma and the essence and importance of the Dharma Shastras.

Swami Vivekananda's opinion in a letter written on 30 May 1887---just one year after His Guru's passing away also makes the role of the Dharma -sastras clear to ME:

The Smritis and the Puranas are productions of men of limited intelligence and are full of fallacies, errors, the feelings of class and malice. Only parts of them breathing broadness of spirit and love are acceptable, the rest are to be rejected. The Upanishads and the Gita are the true scriptures; Rama, Krishna, Buddha, Chaitanya, Nanak, Kabir, and so on are the true Avatâras, for they had their hearts broad as the sky — and above all, Ramakrishna.

I know of course that He was too young at that time, was very emotional and always had infinite compassion for all. So I take the last message by sprit, NOT by words.

  • You are right but here OP is asking about what he thought of the Dharmasastras .. so u may want to quote something from CW? – Rickross Jan 29 at 16:53
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    Neo-vedanta is just modern Smartism, or Hinduism without sharp elbows. @Partha Banerjee – S K Jan 29 at 17:30
  • Buddha is the only prophet who said, I do not care to know your various theories about God. What is the use of discussing all the subtle doctrines about the soul? Do good and be good.Pray all the time, read all the scriptures in the world, and worship all the gods there are …[but] unless you realize the Self (atman), there is no freedom. -Swami Vivekananda – Manu Kumar Jan 29 at 17:32
  • Point to note that Puranas were composed by the same person who has composed Gita .. So he will basically decide himself which to accept and which to reject :) – Rickross Jan 29 at 17:34
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    Because the purpose of his life was complete. He had introduced Hinduism in west, inspired many people, realized the highest truth, set up Ramakrishna Mission etc.. He had done everything in 39 years. – Chinmay Sarupria Jan 29 at 17:56

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