On who is the consort of Lalita:
Lalita's consort is Sadashiva or Chinmaya Shiva or Kameswara.
Sri Lalitopakhyana is a part of Brahmanda Purana. It details the
Avatara and Lila of Parashakti Lalita Mahatripurasundari. The Parayana
of this sacred text is considered to be more fruitful than even
Saptashati. A single Parayana of this great text confers a merit,
equal to thousand (Sahasra) repetitions of Chandi.
In the 8th chapter of Lalitopakhyana there is a stotram called Lalita Stava Raja(the king of all prayers to Lalita)
The 11th verse of that stotram is:
11.kriiDaa te lokaracanaa sakhaa te cinmayaH shivaH .
aahaaraste sadaanando vaasaste hR^idayaM sataam ..11..
Your sport is the creation of the world , your friend is the pure Lord
Shiva, You take the everlasting happiness as food and live forever in
Also Lalita Sahasranama describes Lalita as Sadashiva Pativrata (the devoted wife of Sadashiva) and also as Gurupriya or the consort of Shiva,the great Guru.
And,the same stotram also says "Kaameshabaddha Mangalya sutra shobhita kantharaa" Or "the Mangala Sutra tied by Kameswara is around her neck".
On the significance of the Pancha Deity seat:
From Devi Bhagavatam Book 7,Chapter XXIX
So with all the care possible, the Lady of the Universe is to be
worshipped and served. Men should avoid worshipping any other gods, as
people avoid the husk to get the grain inside. O King! By churning the
ocean of the Vedas, I have got the jewel as the lotus-feet of the Parâ
S’akti; and I think that I have discharged all my duties and think
myself satisfied and successful. Brahmâ, Visnu Rudra, and Is’vara are
the four feet and Sadâ S’iva is the plank overhead; thus these five
form the seat on which the Devî is seated. There is no other deity
superior to Her. To show this (to the ordinary ignorant people) the
Mahâ Devî has taken this seat composed of the five Brahmâ, Visnu,
Rudra, Is’vara and Sadâ S’iva. Superior to these five, what is stated
in the Vedas as Vyaktam and in which all this Universe is sewn, as it
were, crosswise and lengthwise, lying in and through, that is
Bhuvanes’varî, the Goddess of the Universe.
So,Sri Lalita's 5-Deity seat demonstrates and emphasizes the fact that there is no Deity who is superior to Lalita. Lalita's supremacy is unquestionable.
On sv's additional questions:
Significance of Lalita's sugarcane bow
From the Lalita Sahasranama stotram:
Manorupekshu Kodanda Pancha Tanmatra Saayakaa, Nijaaruna
Prabhaapura majjadbrahmaanda mandalaa/
She who carries a sugar-cane bow with the determination of
materialising the universe with Her lower left hand, while actually
taking up the deed of creation with the aid of Five Tanmatras or
elements by another hand of herself.
Here the sugarcane bow symbolizes the mind from which arises the desire to create the entire creation.
Lalita holds five flowery arrows, noose, goad and bow. The noose is
attachment (moon). The goad is repulsion (sun). The sugarcane bow is
the mind. The flowery arrows are the five sense impressions. When
consciousness perceives these, the outward directed arrows stop being
On why Sadashiva is lying down and not sitting up
SadaShiva here denotes the supreme consciousness that pervades everything, but he is the passive consciousness.
That's why he is being shown as lying down .
Here Sadashiva is just witnessing Lalita's sport (of creation).
Shakti is triple as wake-dream-deep sleep. What is called the Fourth
is the witness, Shiva, who is said to pervade the whole cosmos just as
heat pervades a red hot iron.
Lalita, as primordial devi, rays out her attendants and shaktis as
modifications of moon, sun and fire. In this Shiva has no place, no
qualities, is without the ability to act. Only when united with devi
may 'he' act.
This is based on the subtle and practical idea of Shiva as pure
consciousness, witness of the triple manifestation of his Shakti. This
Shakti, the very essence of the three gunas of Sattvas, Rajas, and
Tamas, is the cause of all manifestation in the universe and as a
human being. The three shaktis, by blending and reblending, create all