In Narayaniya portion of the Shanti Parva in Mahabharata, Sri Hari tells Narada:

Assuming a form that is manifest, I dwell, at present, in the heavens. At the end of a thousand Yugas I shall once more with-draw the universe into myself. Having withdrawn all creatures, mobile and immobile into myself, I shall exist all alone with knowledge only for my companion.

He is saying he alone will exist after withdrawing everything mobile or immobile into himself. So who will remain? Who is the companion mentioned?

  • Maybe the companion is Lakshmi? – Ikshvaku Feb 8 at 21:43
  • He means that knowledge is the companion. It should have been 'knowledge only as my companion'. – user1952500 Feb 8 at 22:58
  • Lakshmi is called akshara because she have no perishable body like us. She will be with the lord. Lord companion forever is Lakshmi Devi.. for veda to be meaning ful after pralaya another person had to recite them that is Lakshmi devi.. BG Chp 15 purusha kshara akshara eva cha (according to madhva) all souls are called purusha – Prasanna R Feb 27 at 9:35
  • What is the Sanskrit for that verse? – brahma jijnasa Mar 14 at 5:42
  • BG 15.16 sloka dvavimau pursho lokae kshara Akshara Eva cha @brahmajijnasa – Prasanna R Mar 14 at 10:01

I think the answer is there in Gita:

सर्वभूतानि कौन्तेय प्रकृतिं यान्ति मामिकाम्।

कल्पक्षये पुनस्तानि कल्पादौ विसृजाम्यहम्।।9.7।।

9.7 O son Kunti, all the beings go back at the end of a cycle to My Prakrti. I project them forth again at the beginning of a cycle.(Tr. by Sw. Gambhirananda)

So Sri Vishnu's Prakiti is referred to in the sloka given by you as His companion.But as there is no real distinction between Shakti and Shaktimaan, or Prakiti or Purusha, He remains alone in real sense.

As Sri Ramakrishna says (Kathamrita, 27 October 1882):

When there is no creation, Mahakali (Prakriti) is staying with Mahakaala(Purusha). One can not think of Brahman (or Purusha) independent of Shakti (Prakriti) and of Shakti (Prakriti) wthout Brahman (Purusha).

So Sri Ramakrishna also says the same thing. Purusha and Prakriti merge with one another at the time of pralaya. Sri Ramakrishna used to say that this state is 'beyond dvaita and advaita'.

Prakriti and Purusha are non-separable from each other.This I had discussed in my reply to another question: How are the object and the subject one and the same?


That is Shiva/Shesha Naag(cosmic consciousness) Reverse of ShiVa(unmanifested) = ViShnu(manifested)

Both are names of same omnipresent,omnipotent,omniscient Brahman, where Lord Shiva is unmanifested consciousness while Lord Vishnu is manifested world.

Ramakrishna Paramhans

Brahman and Shakti are one, as fire and its heat, or milk and its whiteness, are one. When static the reality is Brahman; when active it is Shakti, the Mother.

Brahman(Heavenly Father/Abraham/Cosmic consciousness) is same as Shakti(Mother/Holy Spirit/Goddess Kaali/Vishnu(Vishwa(world)+Anu(atom)/matter/atom).

Krishna/Vishnu is Kali, this was also told by RK Paramhans several times in his speech.

Shiva represents Sun, what happens when you see a Sun, you close your eyes(unmanifested-Gyan)

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Shiva represents Sun with closed eyes with Moon/Vishnu on his head

Vishnu represents Moon

What happens when you see a moon, you keep on looking at his beauty.(manifested-Bhakti)

enter image description here

Lord Vishnu/Moon with the Sun/Shiva as his Sudarshana Chakra

The meaning of the name "Krishna": "The name Krishna means 'all-attractive.'

Sudarshana Chakra

The word Sudarshana is derived from two Sanskrit words – Su(सु) meaning "good/auspicious" and Darshanav (दर्शन) meaning "vision". In the Monier-Williams dictionary the word Chakra is derived from the root क्रम् (kram) or ऋत् (rt) or क्रि (kri) and refers among many meaning, to the wheel of a carriage, wheel of the sun's chariot or metaphorically to the wheel of time

Lord Shiva(SUN) is for the worship by introvert people like Gyanis while Lord Vishnu(Moon) is for the worship by masses through Bhakti by extrovert people who cant imagine unmanifested, formless Brahman

Kabir das explained by Ramkrishna Paramhans

Kabir used to say: 'God with form is my Mother, the formless God my Father. Whom should I blame? Whom should I adore? The two sides of the scales are even.' During the day-time Haladhari used to meditate on God with form, and at night on the formless God. Whichever attitude you adopt, you will certainly realize God if you have firm faith. You may believe in God with form or in God without form, but your faith must be sincere and whole-hearted."

But both are same eventually and reverse their role, and thats why Shiva is Chandrashekar while Vishnu is Surya Narayan. In short,

Shiva(unmanifested Consciousness) is Father and Vishnu/Goddess Kaali/Krishna(Matter/atom) is Mother(Vishnu means Vishwa(world)+Anu(atom)) Why Lord Vishnu is mother because Vishnu is Padmanabha and only mother gives birth to child from the navel.

enter image description here

Lord Vishnu/Goddess Kaali giving birth to manifested universe/Brahma from his naval, hence he is Padma nabha, Nabhi/Nabi/Guru/first Teacher(Mother is the first teacher of children)/Prophet of the entire universe. hence, he takes avatars like Rama, Krishna, Chaitanya Mahaprabhu to teach mankind.

  • @Partha Who is Istri or Purush? God is androgynous and like man(i.e. XY) chromosomes. X=>XX female, Y=>XY female. Hence God is Brahman/Abraham/Father/Cosmic consciousness, i.e. Ardhnareshwara(half man(Y)+ half woman(X)) – Manu Kumar Feb 9 at 4:22
  • @Partha Brahman and Shakti are one, as fire and its heat, or milk and its whiteness, are one. When static the reality is Brahman; when active it is Shakti, the Mother. - Ramakrishna Paramhans. Brahmchari, means established in oneness/Brahman as, Purusha and Prakriti are non-dual, hence Advaita. Father and Mother are 1 unit, hence Ardhanarishwara(Pingala(Right brain)+Ida(left brain). Left brain is companion of Right brain, mutual dependence on one another. – Manu Kumar Feb 9 at 5:19

The devotee is the companion. Vishnu is the Paramatma. He is manifest as Shiva and all the other gods. The devotee is manifested as the ordinary soul at His feet.

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  • 2
    Welcome to the site! Please do cite sources from scriptures while answering. Its mandatory here! – Parabrahman Jyoti Feb 24 at 14:43

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