In other words, as an approximate sphere going round the Sun with other planets some closer to the Sun and some further away?
Whether this modern view of the Solar System exists in scripture has not been asked before.
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As per Rigved - 1.35.6 (or 1.416),
This verse is saying that Earth and some other mystical worlds(Not sure about their modern representations) are lightened up by Sun and in the second line of verse, it is explaining about Gravitational dependancies of planets on Sun, by giving analogy of Wheel of chariot, i.e., on the scopes of wheel, planets are situated and Sun is situated at axis of wheel, and this seems a perfect analogy of Solar system.