Vyasa isn't criticising the worship of Devi altogether in the Brahma Sutras but only criticising the Shaivite Agamas for its belief that Brahman is only the efficient cause of the Universe since Vyasa believes that according to the Vedas, Brahman is both the efficient and material cause of the universe. This is what Vyasa says in the Adhyaya 2 Pada 2 of the Brahma Sutras regarding Shaivite Agamas:
Topic-7: God Is Not a Mere Superintendent
For the Lord there can be no creatorship, for that leads to incongruity.
And (the incongruity arises) because of the impossibility of a relationship.
And (the position is untenable) because of the impossibility of (Nature) coming under (His) direction. (Or) And (God cannot be proved), since no physical support (adhisthana) is possible for Him.
Should it be argued that God will direct Nature like (a man directing) the organs, then it cannot be so, for that will result in God’s having experiences (of happiness, sorrow etc.). (Or) If a body, equipped with sense-organs, be assumed for God, (we say that) this is not possible; because of (consequent) experiences etc.
God will be subject to finitude or loss of omniscience.