1

In our Vedas/ Upanishads, Vishnu/Narayana, Shiva/Rudra and Uma/Devi are all names of the Supreme Godhead. They same holds for different Puranas also.

Why does then Vyasadeva declare the Shaiva Mata as inconsistent with the Vedas in His Brahma-sutra by saying :"patyur asamanjyasyaat"?

  • Brahma Sutras is criticising Shaivite Agamas not the worship of Devi altogether – Surya Kanta Bose Chowdhury Feb 18 at 12:13
  • @SuryaKantaBoseChowdhury But why are shaivas also included? – user17294 Feb 18 at 12:20
  • Because Shaivite Agamas (except the Agamas of Kashmiri Shaivism) believe Brahman is only the efficient cause of the universe whereas Vedantins believe Brahman is both the efficient and material cause of the universe. – Surya Kanta Bose Chowdhury Feb 18 at 12:22
  • @SuryaKantaBoseChowdhury pl write in detail in an answer – user17294 Feb 18 at 12:23
  • Ok, I might :). – Surya Kanta Bose Chowdhury Feb 18 at 12:23
4

Vyasa isn't criticising the worship of Devi altogether in the Brahma Sutras but only criticising the Shaivite Agamas for its belief that Brahman is only the efficient cause of the Universe since Vyasa believes that according to the Vedas, Brahman is both the efficient and material cause of the universe. This is what Vyasa says in the Adhyaya 2 Pada 2 of the Brahma Sutras regarding Shaivite Agamas:

Topic-7: God Is Not a Mere Superintendent

For the Lord there can be no creatorship, for that leads to incongruity.

And (the incongruity arises) because of the impossibility of a relationship.

And (the position is untenable) because of the impossibility of (Nature) coming under (His) direction. (Or) And (God cannot be proved), since no physical support (adhisthana) is possible for Him.

Should it be argued that God will direct Nature like (a man directing) the organs, then it cannot be so, for that will result in God’s having experiences (of happiness, sorrow etc.). (Or) If a body, equipped with sense-organs, be assumed for God, (we say that) this is not possible; because of (consequent) experiences etc.

God will be subject to finitude or loss of omniscience.

  • Could u make it a bit clearer please? – user17294 Feb 18 at 12:47
  • @Partha Sorry, don't know how to make it simpler – Surya Kanta Bose Chowdhury Feb 18 at 12:54
  • Where exactly is the contradiction in Saiva doctrines? And isnGod not the creator of the world? – user17294 Feb 18 at 12:56
  • As I said Shaiva believe Brahman is only the efficient cause of the universe. According to Vedanta, Brahman is both efficient and material cause of the universe. – Surya Kanta Bose Chowdhury Feb 18 at 13:22
  • If you can't understand what I mean by efficient and material causes, see this: en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Four_causes – Surya Kanta Bose Chowdhury Feb 18 at 13:25

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