Lord Hanuman, as we know is an ardent devotee of Lord Rama (Lord Vishnu's incarnation). But at the same time He is said to be Lord Shiva's incarnation. So is Hanuman worship more associated with Vaishnavism or Shaivism? Do Hanuman temples follow Vaishnavas' rituals or Shaivas' rituals?

  • if you understand transitive dependencies in maths A->B->C Its only Vaishnavism this question is meaning less.. Regarding Hanuman avatar of siva its a interpolation of scripture.. Because in devatha tharathamya Hanuman is incarnation of Vayu is superior to Rudra, Siva in kakshya..
    – Prasanna R
    Commented Feb 19, 2019 at 13:24
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    @PrasannaR Hanuman avatar of Rudra interpolation? Can you support your verse? Commented Feb 19, 2019 at 13:56
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    "But at the same time He is said to be Lord Shiva's incarnation." Actually, there is some discussion about this since there are conflicting verses in the scriptures about this.
    – Wikash_
    Commented Feb 19, 2019 at 19:57

1 Answer 1


Worship of Lord Hanuman is associated as a Vaishnava-deity as well as a Tantra-deity and in both cases He is regarded as an incarnation of Rudra or Shiva.But I have not seen any Shaiva worshipping Lord Hanuman so far.

Sri Tulsidasji composed Sri Hanuman Chalisa which is read by many devotees. Tulsidasji was a Sri Ramavat Vaishnava.

Tantra also mentions the Veera-sadhana of Sri Hanumaan.The siddhi of this sadhana is direct vision of Sri Hanumaan and getting boon from Him.In Tantra, Hanumaanji is a deity.This sadhana has been discussed in detail by Paramahansa Swami Nigamananda in His bengali book 'Tantrik-Guru' published by the Nigamananda Saraswata Math, Halisahar.

Tantra also gives us the Hanuman Tantra. Some are available on net: ultimategyan.com/hanuenter image description here

In the yantra, Sri Hanuman is mentioned as 'Rudratmaka' ie as a form of Rudra/Shiva.

According to SriVaishnava-Matabja-bhaskara(4.31)

In the chaturdashi tithi (tithi of shiva) of krishna paksha of the month of Kartika, Kapisvara Hanuman appeared from the the womb of Anjana. On that day, the devotees should celebrate the birthday of Sri Hanuman with vows and festivals.

So the Sri Vaishnavas also worship Sri Hanuman as incarnation of Lord Shiva.


As per the Tantrasaara, Arjuna was advised to worship Lord Hanumaan by Hanuman mantra given by Sri Krishna as per Sri Krishna's order:

etad mantram arjunaaya pradattam harinaa puraa/jayen saadhanam kritva jitam sarvam charaacharam//

A siddha in Hanuman-sadhanaa will get the following things as per Tantrasaara:

vidyaam vaapi dhanam vaapi raajyam vaa satru-nigraham/tatkshanaad eva chaapnoti satyam satyam sunischitam//

meaning knowledge, wealth, kingdom orwin over enemies-- these the siddha will obtain surely without any doubt.

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