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Being a guru, Brihaspati had sex with his younger brother's wife and yet why did the devas let him be their guru?

This is is mentioned in Devi Bhagavata Purana here.

Did Brihaspati suffer any consequences because of this act?

The Matsya Purana too tells us a strange tale about Brihaspati. According to this story, Brihaspati once met his elder brother Utathya's wife Mamata in solitude. Tempted by her beauty, Brihaspati sought sex with her. And when she refused, he took her by force though she was pregnant at that time.

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    The first reference is wrong i.e. "Brihaspati had sex with his younger brother's wife" ; add the correct reference.
    – TheLittleNaruto
    Nov 22, 2019 at 5:21
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    Reference is correct, from the first link: "Târâ is dissatified with Brihaspati since he enjoyed the wife of his younger brother Samvarta." Nov 23, 2019 at 0:05

2 Answers 2

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The question is:

Being a guru, Brihaspati had sex with his younger brother's wife and yet why did the devas let him be their guru?

Puranas came into existence, post Mahabharata period. The main content of each purana will revolve around the main deity.

For example:

Shiva Purana: Shiva

Bhagavata Purana : Vishnu

Devi Bhagavatam : Devi


Apart from the main content, which eulogises respective deity, some interesting anecdotes were also included in those Puranas.

Some of such anecdotes revolved around brihaspati - Guru of Devas.

These anecdotes are more or less related to astrological issues/dharma sastras.


In the 1st reference made in the question, it was Chandra, who had affair with Tara, wife of brihaspati and consequential birth of budha.

This story has more related to astrological issue.

Chandra seduced Tara, the wife of Brhaspati and from that union produced Budha. Hence, Budha is child of Chandra out of illegal affair. Chandra being the father of Budha, loves him dearly. However, Budha is not quite happy about his origin, and hence, hates Chandra the most.

Thus we see here a love hate relationship.

Astrological explanation

Now what happens when Budha occupies the Rasi of Chandra vs. Chandra occupying the Rasi of Budha? When Budha occupies the Rasi of Chandra, Chandra supports all activities of Budha, while Budha troubles the significations of the Chandra’s rasi.

On the other hand when Chandra occupies a Budha’s Rasi, it supports all the significations of the Bhava connected to that Rasi, where as its own significations take a beating as Budha does not support it.


So don't go by outer meaning of anecdotes of Puranas. We have to look into inner meaning, some may have relation to something else.

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    "Puranas came into existence, post Mahabharata period" -what's the reference for this
    – YDS
    Nov 22, 2019 at 5:32
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    @YDS: It was an inference but not a reference drawn from some text. Nov 22, 2019 at 8:21
  • @Srimannarayana The story is real and there is real meaning to it in actual sense. There may be astrological impact but that is only a impact because of the main incident. We can learn different inner meanings from a incident but that does not nullify the actual incident. Sep 13, 2020 at 2:40
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Let's look at the story from the Mahābhārata. Bhīṣma narrates this to Satyavatī after he has just told her he cannot break his vow of brahmacarya (by performing niyoga on her daughters-in-law):

Ādi Parva; Saṃbhava Parva; Ch. 97-98

...

O queen! In order to prevent Shantanu's lineage from becoming extinct, I will tell you the eternal dharma of Kshatriyas. Hearing this, after consulting priests and those wise ones who know about the dharma that should be followed in time of calamities, determine what is best for the welfare of the world.

Jamadagni's son Rama was angry when his father was killed and in his anger, the immensely illustrious one killed the king of the Haihayas. He sliced off Arjuna's 1000 arms. Then he again took up his bow to conquer the world. Using his wonderful weapons, the great-souled descendant of Bhargava used his arrows to exterminate Kshatriyas from the world twenty-one times. Then Kshatriya women everywhere had offspring through Brahmanas who were self-controlled. The Vedas clearly say that a son so born belongs to the one who accepted the hand. With dharma in their minds, they united with the Brahmanas. The world has thus seen the resurgence of the Kshatriyas.

In earlier times, there was a famous and wise rishi named Utathya. His wife was named Mamata and he loved her dearly. Utathya's younger brother was the immensely energetic Brihaspati, the priest of the gods. He desired Mamata and sought to unite with her. Mamata told her brother-in-law, who was most eloquent in speech, 'I am pregnant through your older brother. Therefore, desist. O illustrious Brihaspati! Utathya's son is in my womb and has studied the Vedas and the Vedangas there. Your semen is infallible and, therefore, this is not possible. Do not desire me today.' At these words, the immensely energetic Brihaspati could not suppress his desire, though he had achieved self-control. The desiring one united with her, though she did not desire him in return. When he spilt his semen, the embryo inside the womb said, 'O father! There is no room inside for two of us. I was here first and you have unnecessarily wasted your semen.' At this, the illustrious rishi Brihaspati was angry and cursed Utathya's son, who was in the womb. 'You have spoken at a time that all beings crave for. Therefore, you will enter a long period of darkness.' From this curse was born the rishi Dirghatama. He was Brihaspati's equal in great deeds and great energy. To extend Utathya's lineage, the famous rishi had sons like Goutama and others, all immensely famous.

But Goutama and the other sons were overcome by greed and delusion. They tied him to wood and threw him into the waters of the Ganga. 'This man is blind and old. Why should we support him?' Thinking in this way, the cruel ones returned home...

(Debroy, Bibek. The Mahabharata: Volume 1, pp. 274-276)

Note that Mamatā only says, I am pregnant through your older brother. Therefore, desist...Do not desire me today; she doesn't quote from dharma śāstras e.g., Manusmṛti 9.57-58 which prohibit either brother from approaching the other's wife during normal times. This means rules like these based on which we are now judging Bṛhaspati came much later.

The wife of the elder brother is, for the younger, a 'wife of the preceptor'; and the wife of the younger brother has been declared to be a 'daughter-in-law' for the elder.—(9.57)

If the elder brother has recourse to the wife of the younger, or the younger brother to the wife of the elder, they become outcasts, even though 'authorised,'—except in times of distress.—(9.58)

On failure of issue, the woman, on being authorised, may obtain, in the proper manner, the desired offspring, either from her younger brother-in-law or from a ‘Sapiṇḍa’.—(9.59)

So, to answer your question – Why did the Devas let Bṛhaspati be their guru even though he had sex with his brothers' wives? – it's because it was legal at one point.

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    Iravati Karve is not a valid source. You should edit answer with proper sources or remove those portions.
    – The Destroyer
    May 8 at 15:55
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    You should either update answer with new sources or remove Iravati's reference. .
    – The Destroyer
    2 days ago
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    Can you explain why "Iravati Karve is not a valid source"? Which site policy is this? Is Iravati Karve and all her works banned on this site? If I don't remove the reference are you going to delete the whole answer as you did here or just edit and remove only the "problematic" reference? What is the site policy on how to deal with answers where some references are valid and other ref's are not valid? 2 days ago
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    This is good progress. Instead of deleting the post outright as you did here, you actually edited and fixed the post. yesterday
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    If you followed meta posts and discussions happened an year ago, then you would clearly understand which sources are off topic and on topic. Anycase, don't make sarcastic comments. Consider this as final warning. And don't just argue on every post regarding this policy of sources and Mods are not obliged to give reasons every time after one one year or convince you every time on same issue. If you don't like new policy, just move one.
    – The Destroyer
    yesterday

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