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"Ramakrishna in bhava samadhi at the house of Keshab Chandra Sen. He is seen supported by his nephew Hriday and surrounded by brahmo devotees."

Can any scholar here, identify this hand Mudra done by Ramakrishna Paramhans by his right hand and its importance in Yog and Samadhi?

The same Mudra can be seen in Lord Shiva's left middle hand as well.Is it superior to Gyan Mudra for Samadhi?

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  • @ChinmaySarupria Its known as Mriga-Mudra and is related to Lord Shiva.Yes, the Apaana mudra also looks the same.
    – user17294
    Commented Mar 13, 2019 at 18:31

2 Answers 2


enter image description hereThat is known as the Mriga-Mudra.That is mentioned in the dhyana-Mantra of Lord Shiva:

dhaayet nityam mahesham rajatagirinivam chaaru-chandra-avatamsham/ ratna-aakalpa-ujjvalangam prasu-mriga-vara-abhiti hastam prasannam/padma-aasinam samantaat stutam amarganair bhyaghrakrittim vasanam/vishvadyam visvavijam bhavabhayaharam panchavaktram trinetram --Reference :Stavakusumanjali,Udbodhan.

Normally mind is compared with a running deer and this mudra signifies keeping the mind still in case of Lord Shiva, as He holds parashu (axe) in other hand that signifies slaying the deer ie calming the mind.

But Sri Ramakrishna so far as I know did not use any such mudra intentionally.All was the effect of divine ecstacy.But it looks like Mriga-Mudra. The question of superiority or inferiority does not aruse by the way,Only Lord Shiva, known as the Pasupati (Mriga is a Pashu) has Mriga-Mudra in His hand. The image enclosed by you is a retouched one.I am enclosing a copy of the original for your perusal.

  • what about Mudra in left hand, that is of 2 fingers up?
    – user16530
    Commented Mar 13, 2019 at 18:27
  • @Nitin thats known to none.As I wrote, His mudras were spontaneous.
    – user17294
    Commented Mar 13, 2019 at 18:28
  • @Nitin BTW the one of left hand is seen in His other photographs also.
    – user17294
    Commented Mar 13, 2019 at 18:29
  • His left hand mudra is same as of Jesus Christ is depicted in his pictures, jesuschristsavior.net/Jesus.html and must be some special Mudra.
    – user16530
    Commented Mar 13, 2019 at 18:31
  • @Nitin But we do not have any photograph of Jesus and so its an artist's imagination.
    – user17294
    Commented Mar 13, 2019 at 18:32

I know this is an old thread but a nice explanation is given in this talk here https://youtu.be/AEXaZTxg7vc

  • 1
    The explanation of this photograph is given after 18 minute and continues to about 30 minutes. Commented Sep 10, 2021 at 4:32
  • There seems to be 2 opinions. First opinion is that the right hand mudra is Mrga mudra. The left hand Mudra is known as Alapadma Mudra (Fully bloomed lotus). The other opinion is that the right hand and the left hand mudras together consist of Kurma Mudra. Commented Sep 10, 2021 at 4:50
  • Please provide additional details in your answer. As it's currently written, it's hard to understand your solution.
    – Community Bot
    Commented Sep 10, 2021 at 4:57

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