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Tarkasur had a boon by Lord Shiva that he could be killed only by Shiva's son. Devtas assigned Kamadeva to stop Lord Shiva's meditation and create love in his heart, so that as a result Shiva's son can be born.

Kamadeva and Rati were played their role to create love between Lord Shiva & Parvati, but when Lord Shiva come to know about this, he got angry and opened his third eye. A fire raised from his third eye which burned the Kamadev.

On request of Kamadeva's wife Rati, Lord Shiva gave her a boon that in Dvapara Yuga, Kamadeva will re-born as Shree Krishna's son named Pradyumnna.

Now without the Kamadeva, it is not possible for a new life to born. So the question is How the new life was being created between the time period of the death and the re-born of kamadeva?

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    There was no creation. This is the time period when bhanDAsura raged and made the universe bereft of all creation/creativity. Then the dEvas sought refuge in sadAziva who performed the yAga from which lalita tripurasundari emerged, destroyed bhanDAsura and restored life to manmatha. – user1195 Dec 17 '14 at 13:20
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Shiva's third eye did not kill Kama, it merely rendered him Ananga or bodiless; here is how Vishwamitra describes to Rama and Lakshmana in the Bala Kanda of the Ramayana:

When Love-god was with his body wise men used to call him Kama, the passion. At this place, that Love-god with his naughty intent braved god of gods Shiva who had been practising ascesis and who concentrated observantly, and who was returning after his marriage along with his followers, namely the Wind-gods, and that great soul Shiva disapprovingly roared at Love-god. And Rama, the wrathful third-eye of Shiva destroyed the lewd-minded Love-god making all his limbs to fall down from his body. There the body of Love-god is evanesced when that great soul Shiva burnt it down, and by the anger of that god of gods Shiva, Love-god is rendered as a bodiless entity. Then onwards Love-god is renowned as Ananga, as he is without body, and where his body is given up that is renowned as Anga province.

So Kama's soul was still around to cause people to fall in love and have children and the like.

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    You should remove the word "Shiva" from your answer because the sanskrit verses never use "Shiva". The verses of Valmiki Ramayana in the link you gave uses "devesham", "rudrena", "deva Ishvara" but not "Shiva". – Chinmay Sarupria Jun 23 '16 at 16:19
  • I do not make any distinction at all between Shiva and Rudra; as a Sri Vaishnava I consider Brahma and Shiva to be Jivas. – Keshav Srinivasan Jun 23 '16 at 19:13
  • That is your personal opinion, scriptures say that Shiva and Rudra are different. Let's for a second believe that Shiva and Rudra are one, still we can't post Shiva because Sage Valmiki himself didn't use "Shiva". – Chinmay Sarupria Jun 24 '16 at 8:10
  • @ChinmaySarupria That would be like saying we can't post Vishnu because Valmiki used Narayana rather than Vishnu. – Keshav Srinivasan Jun 24 '16 at 13:35
  • I'm not sure if scriptures say Vishnu is same as Narayana but scriptures definitely don't say that Shiva is Rudra. – Chinmay Sarupria Jun 24 '16 at 13:50

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