The most popular school of Hinduism is the neo-Vedanta school, which is a modern interpretation of Hinduism based on the teachings of Indian freedom-fighter Vivekananda, who incorporated many beliefs of Western philosophy into Hinduism.
Neo-Vedanta is considered unorthodox and heretical by the orthodox followers of Vedanta.
The tenets of neo-Vedanta are:
- Belief that caste is determined by external behavior and not birth
- Rejection of all scriptures other than the Vedas, Upanishads, and Bhagavad Gita as man-made
- Belief that all religions are equal
- Anti-Brahminism, or hatred or aversion to Brahmins
- Anti-Rishi. Vivekananda criticized Rishis like Vedavyasa by saying that he "cheated the poor shudras."
- Anti-Vedic animal sacrifice
- Incorporation of many western beliefs regarding morality, like the belief that all men have equal rights
- Support of homosexual intercourse
- Indifference to eating meat. It is well known that its founder, Vivekananda, was a meat-eater.
- No strict adherence to scriptural injunctions and practices.
There are a lot of commentaries by neo-Vedanta followers on the Upanishads and Bhagavad Gita, but are there any commentaries on the Brahma Sutras?
Given the above listed beliefs, I'm curious to know what they would say on sutras like "Shastra yonitvat," or "From shastra Brahman is known." Do they intrepret shastra to mean shastras of all religions like Christianity and Islam?
And what about the section in the Brahma Sutras called "Apashudradhikaranam", or "qualification of shudras", which says that Shudras are not qualified to meditate on the Brahma Vidyas?
Or do they reject the entire Brahma Sutras because it was authored by Vyasa, and Vivekananda thinks Vyasa has "cheated the poor shudras"?