Was He not satisfied with His Transcendental worlds? Why He manifested His illusionary material potency "maya", somewhat a punishment based system of birth and death, heaven and hell, for jivatma (Souls; part and parcel of His conscious marginal potency) when He is known to be an ocean of mercy?

The question has been asked many a times, but no satisfactory answers have been found.

Some say it is His sport for time pass, for change, because He was getting bored. Doesn't make sense because He is always blissful and He has His Kingdom of timeless eternity. And also no reason for mercy on souls, like that of Mahavishnu's case, which comes into picture after the very first creation.

And why is the human birth in this material domain considered so important by the scriptures?

N.B. The question is not about cyclic creation/manifestation of material universes by Mahavishnu after "mahapralayas", when the jivas (souls) were in the "mahodar" of Mahavishnu.

  • Comments are not for extended discussion; this conversation has been moved to chat. – Paṇḍyā May 5 at 6:50
  • This is a difficult question and I am reminded of Sadhguru's answer to the question "What is the purpose of life?" - "The purpose of life is life itself". See this: isha.sadhguru.org/us/en/wisdom/video/… – codeforester Jun 14 at 23:23
  • @codeforester question is asking "why" ??, there is nothing asked like "what" and "how" !! – user30612 Jun 15 at 4:09

The Nasadiya Sukta , also known as the Hymn of Creation, is the 129th hymn of the 10th mandala of the Rigveda (10:129). It is concerned with cosmology and the origin of the universe.


The 7th one in the Hymn, ends with question itself:

Whence all creation had its origin, the creator, whether he fashioned it or whether he did not, the creator, who surveys it all from highest heaven, he knows — or maybe even he does not know.

The saints/rishis of Rig Vedic period, with so much of incisive thinking and spiritual attainments, could not fathom the purpose of creation of the Universe!!!

Can we?


Today, the problem is that with degraded intellect of mankind in Kaliyuga, people have started believing that purpose of life is mere gratification of senses and living for temporary body. No more now is Ashrams stages followed by Aryans like Brahmcharya, Grihasta, Vanprastha and Sanyassa. This has been heightened by foreign rulers in India by insulting Hinduism and motivating Hindus into other religion conversion where Body's senses pleasures are the end and bodies are worshipped as soul and preserved in graves.

The Remedy of Kaliyuga

(39-40) With their minds constantly full of stress, emaciated by famine and taxes in times of scarcity with droughts on the surface of the earth, oh King, the people of Kali-yuga will be troubled by countless worries and live in fear. Lacking in clothing, food, drink, rest, sexual love [vyavâya, also called 'change'], bathing and personal ornaments they will appear like ghostly creatures. (41) In the age of Kali one will even over a single coin develop enmity [5.14 and 5.14: 26], reject friendly relations, kill oneself [be suicidal] and even kill one's relatives [domestic violence]. (42) Only interested in the petty service of the stomach and the genitals one, even being born in a respectable family, will not protect the elderly parents, the wife and the children.

Uttara Geeta

  1. Although cows may be of different colors but the color of their milk is one and the same, even so in the case of the jiva, the bodies may look different but the atman is one and the same in all.
  2. Food, sleep, fear and sexual desire, man has in common with brutes; it is only the addition of knowledge that makes him a man; if, therefore, he is devoid of this he is but equal to a brute.
  3. In the morning a man performs the necessities of life, in the middle of the day he fills his stomach with food, in the evening he satisfies the cravings of his sexual desire and afterwards falls into the embraces of deep sleep – such is the case with beasts also.
  4. Hundred millions of jivas and thousands of nadabindus are constantly destroyed and absorbed in the All-Purity.
  5. Therefore, the conviction that “I am Brahman“ is known to be the sole cause of emancipation (moksha) for great souls (mahatmas).
  6. Two words bind and liberate the jivas respectively: the firm belief of ‘I‘ and ‘mine‘ holds fast and binds the jiva down, and the absence or want of the same liberates him from all bondage.
  7. When the mind becomes free from all desires and passions, then only the idea of duality ceases. When there arises that state of Advaita feeling [all in One and One in all], there dwells the Supreme Foot of Brahman.

Suffering comes to a person when he fails to realize his real self in the given human birth, rather lives like an animal in gratification of senses and believing body to be eternal. Animals, insects suffer because of lack of intellect, thats why human birth(capable of self realization) is called so precious in scriptures.


The struggle is the great lesson. Mind you, the great benefit in this life is struggle. It is through that we pass. If there is any road to Heaven, it is through Hell. Through Hell to Heaven is always the way. When the soul has wrestled with circumstance and has met death, a thousand times death on the way, but nothing daunted has struggled forward again and again and yet again — then the soul comes out as a giant and laughs at the ideal he has been struggling for, because he finds how much greater is he than the ideal. I am the end, my own Self, and nothing else, for what is there to compare to me own Self? Can a bag of gold be the ideal of my Soul? Certainly not! My Soul is the highest ideal that I can have. Realising my own real nature is the one goal of my life.


Every action (present) has a reaction (future) and a cause (past). There is no action (work) without a cause. Every cause has its cause(s) material or eternal. God is the cause of all causes but He Himself has no cause. He is the "sarv kaaran-kaaranam", He is the cause of His "Brahman" and "Parmatama" revelations too.

Nevertheless, the different religious thoughts differently explain "how?" the material existence comes into being but answering the "why?" is difficult..... always.... in every case !!

The Bhagvatam mahapuran, although has the answer in third and fifth volumes (scand). We all have unique eternal identities as unconditioned souls (as the salokya-mukta jivas, who resided in the same domain of Parmatama, but we have never ever participated/entered the Bhagvat-dham, higher "vaikuntha", the realm with His eternal pastimes, due to lack of higher eternal knowledge, desire, love and servitude). We have our eternal roots in the God's Kingdom or lower "vaikuntha", which is without the eternal pastimes (without Sakhayam, Vatsalya and Madhurya Rasa). Somehow, when there near the "vaikuntha", we acquired a hidden desire to be the absolute enjoyers like God or Parmatama. Knowing this desire He manifested His external energy, i.e. material potency into its eight components (the three for subtle and the five for the gross existence), the illusionary energy for the fulfillment of jiva-atamas' desire to become enjoyer or "bhokta brahman", similar to the Almighty. The permanent eternal identity of the soul is as a servant of God. However, we are in illusion to temporarily enjoy in ignorance under the influence of His illusionary potency, i.e. maya, which is also eternal servant of God. In B.Gita too He has hinted about it in verse #7.27 as:

इच्छाद्वेषसमुत्थेन द्वन्द्वमोहेन भारत|सर्वभूतानि सम्मोहं सर्गे यान्ति परन्तप||

ichchhā-dveṣha-samutthena dvandva-mohena bhārata sarva-bhūtāni sammohaṁ sarge yānti parantapa.

By word "sarge" meaning at the onset of material universe creation, Krishna is indicating that at the very start of incarnate existence, all creatures are inveigled into the loops of various dualities such as good and better, higher bliss and highest bliss, honour and dishonour, controller and controlled, true-ego and false-ego, which are generated by the desire for what is agreeable and the aversion to what is disagreeable. The word "sarge" meaning at the very beginning of creation as soon as our atma or eternal soul (blissful eternal identity without any causal body) became an embodied being (with having a causal, a subtle and a gross body).

And the human life is considered to be the most important within the material system because of our freedom to choose (the basis of karma based existence, not to be confused and compared with any constitutional right and/or its recent amendments) which is not even granted to demigods. Truely said, "karma pradhan vishwa kari/rachi rakha". Arjuna invested his time in developing friendship with Krishna and in return Krishna removed all the hurdles from his life and made him victorious. Similarly we should invest our time in developing friendship with Krishna. It’s very easy to do. We just need to dovetail our activities (karma) as per Krishna’s advice. And Krishna assures us, “In this endeavour there is no loss or diminution, and a little progress on this path can protect one from the most dangerous type of fear.” (B.Gita# 2.40)

The upnishada story; reminding the demigods who had once forgotten their limits, the Brahaman (personified) tought the lesson to agni, demigod of the fire energy; the vayu, the demigod of wind energy, and many more. The demigods have no choice to perform beyond their assigned limited duties. They seem to be at higher levels of material enjoyment but they don't have the freedom of surrendering karma onto God like the humans. It has been explained in the Upnishada, "sur-patim brahmam padam yaachate". Lord of the material heaven, Indra, wants the post of Lord Brahma, the ultimate ascending material designation. The tourism of higher material domains here, however, is for material sense enjoyment which is not a journey for the true destination, back to the permanent eternal bliss.

And not the least, during His eternal Pastimes in the mundane worlds, "Avatar-Lila" (not manifested in Brahman and in Parmatama) He Himself honours the human life form unavailable to even the big demigods, the mahadevas, when He comes between us to remind us of our eternal roots and protect us from all the material bliss in the illusion. He wants to remind us our chance to enter into the eternal pastimes with Him in the higher "vaikunthas" and the highest realm, "goloka".

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