In Ahnik-Krutya, Shyamacharana Kaviratna Vidyavaridhi mentions that 'aharahah sandhyAm upAsita' (Sandhya should be worshipped everyday) is a Vedic instruction. But he did not mention where exactly in the Vedas this instruction is found.

Can anybody provide the source?

  • Some says it's from Shruti/Vedas, some says it's from Upanishads but I can't find exact source except Samkhya Paribhasha
    – Pandya
    May 6, 2019 at 3:45

1 Answer 1


We have to remember that the Vedic Sanskrit is different from that of Classical Sanskrit, which was commenced around 500 BCE.

The Post vedic literature like EPICs, all sutras, etc, were composed in Classical Sanskrit. So the way expressions used in Vedic Sanskrit /Rig Veda will be different, though we may get the similar meaning in the mantras of Rig Veda.

Rig Veda II.8.3,composed by the sage from Bhrigu family, eulogises AGNI as follows:

य उ शरिया दमेष्वा दोषोषसि परशस्यते | यस्य वरतं न मीयते ||

Who for his glory is extolled at eve and morning in our homes, Whose statute is inviolate;

In this mantra, worshipping of AGNI, morning and evening (daily) was made mandatory.

We have to remember that the Savitr or AGNI, etc, are the epithets used in Rig Veda to eulogise the same Almighty.

Savitr/Gayatri mantra appears in Rig Veda at 3.62.10, which was later to the above Rig Vedic mantra II.8.3.

So worshipping of Savitr/AGNI, daily 2 times, might have been adopted for reciting Gayatri mantra also. As worshipping of AGNI daily was mandatory, reciting of Gayatri mantra was also made mandatory for 2 times.

We have to remember that even in the EPIC like Ramayana, recitation of SUPREME HYMN was mentioned for 2 times only, as Sandhya or twilight period appears only twice in a day. Performing Sandhya at Mid day might have been later day development.

संध्या काल मनाः श्यामा ध्रुवम् एष्यति जानकी | नदीम् च इमाम् शिव जलाम् संध्या अर्थे वर वर्णिनी || ५-१४-४९ (Sundara Kanda)

"The ever youthful one with the best complexion, Seetha interested in the rites of Sandhya time will definitely come to this river with the auspicious water for Sandhya rite."

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