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I need some clarification about the ontological claims of Dvaitha Vedanta.

  1. Who created Jada and Jeevatma, did Ishwara create these or were they always existing? i.e anadhi?

  2. Did Vishnu create the Vedas, or Vedas were only revealed by him, but existed eternally and were not created by Vishnu?

  3. Can Ishwara (Vishnu) change Jada to Jeevatma? If yes then it's not Athyanthika bheda, if no, Ishwara is not omnipotent. In that he can't do anything everything.

Please give appropriate citations.

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    1. jaDa and jIva are beginningless. They are not created by Ishwara, but they are completely dependent on Ishwara. 2. Vedas existed eternally. They are apaurusheya or unauthored. 3. Ishwara can change jaDa to jIva. He has all powers, so he is omnipotent. But he does not do such things in practice, even though he can. So the bheda between jIva and jaDa is eternal. – Lazy Lubber May 10 at 19:18
  • @LazyLubber please write it as an answer of possible with some references. – VARUN.N RAO May 10 at 19:38
  • 2. For the sake of clarity. When you say unauthored, you mean even God didn't author it right? – VARUN.N RAO May 10 at 19:39
  • Yes, even God did not author them. – Lazy Lubber May 10 at 19:40
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    Vedas are themselves god.. because they existed before creation and after pralaya also.. when god says he can only be known from vedas meant BS shastraoynittvat OM ...he meant this only.. – Prasanna R May 11 at 7:41

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