As per Shiva purana, we know that how Shiva had cured chandra & fixed the head of goat and elephant in the case of daksha & ganesh. But why Rudra was described as a physician, surgeon or the god of health. Is it true as per Yajurveda that Rudra had cured the Sun, when he lost his brightness?
Why Rudra was described as a physician, surgeon or the god of health?
Lord Shiva's hand is filled with sovran medicines, hence it is natural that Parameswara will be asked to cure all types of ailments also:
हस्ते विभ्रद् भेषजा (RigVeda 1.114.5)
whose hand filled of sovran medicines.
So, Rishis in RigVeda also say:
भिषक्तमं त्वा भिषजां शृणोमी (RigVeda 2.33.4)
I hear you as the most curing among all curing.
क्व से ते रुद्र मृडयाकुर हस्तो (RigVeda 2.33.7)
where is that gracious Hand of thine Lord Rudra?
Is it true as per Yajurveda that Rudra had cured the Sun, when he lost his brightness?
असाव् आदित्यो न व्यरोचत तस्मै देवाः प्रायश्चित्तिम् ऐच्छन् तस्मा एतꣳ सोमारौद्रं चरुं निर् अवपन् तेनैवास्मिन् रुचम् अदधुः । यो ब्रह्मवर्चसकामः स्यात् तस्मा एतꣳ सोमारौद्रं चरुं निर् वपेत् सोमं चैव रुद्रं च स्वेन भागधेयेनोप धावति ताव् एवास्मिन् ब्रह्मवर्चसं धत्तो ब्रह्मवर्चस्य् एव भवति (Yajurveda 2.2.5)
Yonder sun did not shine, the gods sought an atonement for him, for him they offered this oblation to Soma-Rudra: verily thereby they bestowed brightness upon him. If he desires to become resplendent, he should offer for him this oblation to Soma and Rudra; verily he has recourse to Soma and Rudra with their own portion; verily they bestow upon him splendour; he becomes resplendent.