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Maharshi Vaishampayana says to King Janmejaya,

O Janamejaya! As long as Prachinabarhi remained on earth, prachinagra kusha covered the surface of the earth.

Source: Hari Vamsha Chapter 2, BORI Mahabharata CE English translation by Dr Bibek Debroy

https://archive.org/stream/TheMahabharata_201808/The%20Mahabharata_djvu.txt

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The verse your have quotes is found in Harivamsa purana -Khila Bhaga -Chapter 2 of -Verse 31 -of Mahabharata. Your enquiry is about whether this verse loosely indicate Ice-Age.

The answer is No. there is no faint indication of ice age or ice being covered on earth in that verse . In fact the verse is telling us that at the time of Prajapati Prachinbarhi the earth was widely covered in Kusha Grass. Let us see the translations and what actually the meaning of the verse is .

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prAcIna agrAH kushAH tasya pR^ithivyAM janamejaya |
prAcInabarhir bhagavAn pR^ithivI-tala-cAriNaH ||1-2-31 ||

Oh, janamejaya, when the sacred grass is spread on earth with their tips pointing to east in his vedic-rituals, that grass looked like sprawling on whole of the earth, indicating the wideness of his sway on earth, and hence he is known as godly prAchIna-brahi.


The subsequent verses are related to prajapati Prachinbarhi and his kingcraft. Once the Prachinbarhi conducted a Yajna and the kusha grass was laid down in the yajna and that Kusha grass was abandonedly was present on the surface of the earth at that time. The verse actually telling us that why Prajapati Prachinbarhi is called so, just because the kusha grass which was Prachinagra - (pointing towards east) was all over the earth , which the prajapati used in his yajna.

Here is some more explanation.

So the verses does not loosely indicate the ice age.The meaning of the word prachinagra kusha is that the kusha grass facing eastwards. PrachiNagra = Tip facing east side and kusha =name of the grass.

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