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I'm looking for a list of all Sanskrit verses and their translation from all four parts of the Vedas (i.e., saṃhitās, brāhmaṇas, āraṇyakas and upaniṣads) that suggest either directly or indirectly that the life-span of human beings is about 100 years.

N.B. There must be only a handful of verses that discuss this topic so I don't think the question is too broad.

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    I would like to mention that 100 in Vedas also means infinite. – Spark Sunshine Aug 10 '19 at 3:46
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    There are many mantras in Vedic literature which are pointing towards lifespan of of a human being. But the same mantra is repeated in many different texts so i am just enlisting some avoiding the repetition . Various things of nature having 100 aspects are compared with life span of humans and hence said that human lifespan is of 100 years. e.g. a meter id having 100 syllables and so humans iss having 100 years etc. Btw Grt. question as a database. – SwiftPushkar Aug 10 '19 at 6:03
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As your enquiry is , I am herewith enlisting some of the verses mainly from Taittiriya Samhita of Krishna yajurveda and Shatapatha Brahmana Of Shukla Yajurveda. In Taittiriya Samhita we find many direct references about lifespan of human being i.e. of 100 years. We can also notice that a single mantra is repeated lots of places to denote this 100 years of lifespan , instead of separate mantra for this topic , a single sentence is repeated. The mantra in most of the references about 100 years of lifespan of humans is - शतायुः पुरुषः शतेन्द्रियः - Shatayu Purusha Shatendriya

Lets see some of them :-

from Taittiriya Samhita

KANDA 1- PRAPATHAKA 5

Here an example of Pankti Meter is used for 100 years lifespan of a man. The Pankti meter are 100 syllables and man lives a hundred years.

हिरण्यम् अभवत् तस्माद् रजतम् | हिरण्यम् अदक्षिण्यम् अश्रुजम् |
हि यो बर्हिषि ददाति पुरास्य संवत्सराद् गृहे रुदन्ति तस्माद् बर्हिषि न देयम् । ।T.S 1.5.2.2 । ।

Brahmans desirous of holiness did not aforetime eat his food; the Yajyas and Anuvakyas are in the Pankti metre; the sacrifice is fivefold, man is fivefold; verily making recompense to the gods for the hero he re-establishes the fire 1. They are of a hundred syllables; man lives a hundred years and has a hundred powers; verily he rests on life and power.

KANDA 1- PRAPATHAKA 7

This is a prayer to Agni so that a man could kindle the Agni for 100 years. That means a person could live for 100 years praying and worshiping Agni.

हिमा इत्य् आह शतं त्वा हेमन्तान् इन्धिषीयेति वावैतद्
आह पुत्रस्य नाम गृह्णात्य् अन्नादम् एवैनं करोति ताम् आशिषम् । ।T.S 1.7.6.5 । ।

O Agni, may I shine', he says; that is according to the text. 'Be rich the sacrifice; may I be rich', he says; verily he invokes this blessing. Within the Garhapatya much variegated work is performed; with two verses to Agni, the purifier, he pays reverence to the Garhapatya; verily he purifies the fire, he purifies himself; (he uses) two for support. 'O Agni, lord of the house', he says 4; that is according to the text. 'For a hundred winters', he says; 'for a hundred winters may I kindle thee', he says in effect. He utters the name of his son;


KANDA 2 - PRAPATHAKA 3

शतकृष्णलां निर् वपेत् प्रजापतिम् एव स्वेन भागधेयेनोप धावति |
स एवास्मिन्न् आयुर् दधाति सर्वम् आयुर् एति शतकृष्णला भवति |
शतायुः पुरुषः शतेन्द्रियः । आयुष्य् एवेन्द्रिये । ।T.S 2.3.2 । ।

The gods were afraid of death; they had recourse to Prajapati for them he offered this (offering) to Prajapati of a hundred Krsnalas in weight verily by it he bestowed upon them immortality; for him who fears death he should offer to Prajapati this (offering) of a hundred Krsnalas: verily he has recourse to Prajapati with his own share; verily he bestows life upon him; he lives all his days. It is of a hundred Krsnalas in weight; man has a hundred (years of) life, and a hundred powers;


Similarly we find the description in T.S. 3.2.6.3 , 7.5.9 etc.


From Shatapatha Brahmana

We also find references about 100 year life span of Human beings in Shatapatha Brahmana .

Kanda 2, adhyaya 3, brahmana 3 ,Mantra 6

  1. Hence it has been said by the Ṛṣis (Rig-veda I, 89, 9), 'A hundred autumns (may there he) before us, O gods, during which ye complete the life-time of our bodies, during which sons become fathers! do not cut us off, midway, from reaching the full term of life!' for he (Agni) who is the son, now in his turn becomes the father: this, then, is why one must establish the fires.

Here we can clearly see that the full term of life of human beings is said to be 100 years.


Kanda 4 , adhyaya 3, brahmana 4 , Mantra 3

  1. Now at the Haviryajña, indeed, they give as little as six or twelve (cows1), but no Soma-sacrifice should have dakṣiṇās of less than a hundred. For he, Prajāpati2, forsooth, is the visible sacrifice; and man is nearest to Prajāpati, and he has a life of a hundred years, a hundred powers, a hundred energies.

From Isha Upanishad

And this well known verse from Ishavasya Upanishad which is indicating that a good lifespan of human being is about 100 years. and he should desire to live that long , because it is declared by the vedas a such . This is also confirmed from Commentary of Adi Shankaracharya on this mantra.

कुर्वन्नेवेह कर्माणि जिजीविषेत् सतं समाः |
एवं त्वयि नान्यथेतोऽस्ति न कर्म लिप्यते नरे… || 2 ||

kurvanneveha karmāṇi jijīviṣet sataṃ samāḥ
evaṃ tvayi nānyatheto'sti na karma lipyate nare…

‘In the world, one should desire to live a hundred years, but only by performing actions. Thus, and in no other way, can man be free from the taint of actions.’

we must try to live our lives to the full span, and the full span of life, according to the Vedas, is one hundred years: Shatāyur vai purushah. Says Shankaracharya in his commentary:


From Atharva-Veda

This Atharva Veda Mantra is chanted at the time of ceremony of wearing first garments to new born baby by parents. Here the Mantra pray to various powers of gods so that child could live long life (upto 100 years) . This mantra is indirect reference towards ideal lifespan of Human Beings.

Kanda 2 - Sukta 13 - Mantra 4

एह्यश्मानमा तिष्ठाश्मा भवतु ते तनु : |
कृण्वन्तु विश्वे देवा आयुष्टे शरद : शतम ||AV. 2.13.4||

Thou for our w eal hast clothed thee in the mantle: thou hast become our heifers' guard from witchcraft. Live thou a hundred full and plenteous autumns, and wrap thee in prosperity of riches.

O child come sit firmly on this rock ,so that your skin will become firm as rock. May the godly powers make your age of 100 years.

Alternate translation of above mantra - :

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  • Upvoted. Is Krsnalas means weight equal to coins or possession of coins? @SwiftPushkar – Srimannarayana K V Aug 10 '19 at 8:52
  • @srimannarayanakv - Thanks, Yes Krsnalas means weigh see Agni Purana explaning what is mean by Krsnala - दण्डप्रणयनं वक्षे येन राज्ञ: परा गति : त्रियवं कृष्णलं विद्धि माषस्तपञ्चकं भवेत ||- Agni -chpter 227 - Verse 1 -MEANING- 3 Yavas weight makes one krisnla , 5 krisnla =1 masa. - archive.org/details/AgniPuranaUnabridgedEnglishMotilal/page/… – SwiftPushkar Aug 10 '19 at 9:17
  • @srimannarayanakv BTW if you are interested you can ask question regarding ancient weights and measures mentioned in Hinduism scriptures, if only not previously asked. – SwiftPushkar Aug 10 '19 at 9:23
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    Sure. good proposal.@SwiftPushkar – Srimannarayana K V Aug 10 '19 at 9:28
  • I think you can add some verses from Rigveda samhita also. E.g., RV I.89.9, III.36.10, VII.66.16, X.85.39, etc. – sv. Aug 12 '19 at 20:44

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