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If Mahamrityunjay mantra was described in Vedas very before then why it was said that it was composed by rishi markandeya? Does it was added later in the puranas to highlight this mantra?

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    You are touching the controversial subject :-). Answer to this question, may raise hue and cry. @aniket kumar singh Oct 1, 2019 at 8:33
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    I have a question on this question - where did you find this claim that Maha Mrtyunjaya mantra was composed by Sage Sri Markandeya? Is this mentioned in any Puranas?
    – Vidyarthi
    Nov 22, 2019 at 3:10
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    wisdomlib.org/hinduism/book/rig-veda-english-translation/d/… The rishi is Vasishta
    – Savitr̥
    Feb 17, 2023 at 13:31
  • I would also like to add, no one composes Vaidika mantras. Vasiṣṭha is not a composer of this mantra, but a mantradraṣṭā (Ṛṣi).
    – Bingming
    Feb 15 at 9:36

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Rig Veda VII.59.12 mentions this mantra.

तर्यम्बकं यजामहे सुगन्धिं पुष्टिवर्धनम |

उर्वारुकमिवबन्धनान मर्त्योर्मुक्षीय माम्र्तात ||

Tryambaka we worship, sweet augmenter of prosperity. As from its stem the cucumber, so may I be released from death, not reft of immortality.


According to Rig Veda Anukramani, most of the mantras from Mandala VII, in which Mahamrityunjay mantra finds place, and especially this mantra, were composed by VasiSTha MaitrAvaruNI.

So sage Markandeya was not the composer of this mantra.


Now the 2nd question - Does it was added later in the puranas to highlight this mantra?

It is very difficult to say as to why the authorship of this mantra was attributed to Sage Markandeya, as major part of Puranas was written, deviating from Veda.

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