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Attainment of liberation is clearing of all the karma (both good and bad). Now my question is will a man attain liberation, the second both his good and bad karma will get nullified i.e. his karma will be zero.

If it is the case, can one attain liberation even at the age of a student?

  • it is the other way round, the moment one gets liberated, his karma is destroyed (you can say nullified) rather than vice versa. karma cannot be nullified (generally speaking -- there are obviously exceptions) without sadhana (bhakti, jnana, karma, raja yogas). Yes definitely one can attain liberation at the age of student, at the age of householder, at the age of adult, etc. there is no exception. One cannot easily identify such a man. Association with holy souls such as the liberated souls itself a great sadhana indeed! All the best sir – Sai Jan 12 '15 at 2:18
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Previous karma that has been set in motion in this lifetime before liberation will continue. Swami Vivekananda says that for a jivamukta (liberated while living) it is like cutting the axle on a pair of wheels. There may be some inertia from before that keeps the wheel moving for some time, but because the axle has been cut, no new inertia (karma) is generated.

Any new actions that are done generate no new karma for that person -"The fetters of the heart are broken, all doubts are resolved, and all works cease to bear fruit. " (Mundaka Upanishad II. ii. 8)

  • Brahma Sutra 484 as per Sribhasya of Sri Ramanujacharya IV/I/132/484: So long as there is body, Karma will continue. (Anaarabdha KaaryE Eva tu poorvE tadvadhE:) Opponent: If all Karmas get destroyed, it means that there will be nothing left at death. Siddhantam: The existence of body is itself due to Karma. What is meant is that all the accumulated Karmas (Sanchita Karmas) would get destroyed.Those that have started to give effect during the present life will remain to be experienced. – user808 Nov 18 '14 at 8:02
  • This means as per post on Vaishnavism" “Being an obstacle for the attainment of Brahman is said to be the definition of sin. For an Upaasaka, PuNya is more harmful than Paapa. Therefore he must get rid of PuNya also as he must do of Paapa. Does it make any difference to a prisoner, if he to continues to be in prison, whether the fetters are of gold or of iron? Both are the same in being obstacles to his freedom”. – user808 Nov 18 '14 at 8:03
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Yes, one can attain liberation even at the age of a student. Age is no barrier for liberation. The fire of knowledge burns all actions good and bad whenever it takes effect. So the Gita says:

yathaidhāṁsi samiddho ’gnir bhasma-sāt kurute ’rjuna
jñānāgniḥ sarva-karmāṇi bhasma-sāt kurute tathā
[BG - 4.37]

Meaning
As a blazing fire turns firewood to ashes, O Arjuna, so does the fire of knowledge burn to ashes all reactions to material activities.

So age is not a barrier and one can find many examples where many persons at the age of student got liberated. But mostly it happens that they have tried for liberation through various ways in their past lives.

But when actions become zero due to realisation of the Self, the body doesn't fall off. It still remains due tot he effect of Prarabdha:

utpanne tattvavijñāne prārabdhaṃ naiva muñcati [NadaBindu Up. - 22]
- Prarabdha doesn't go away at the advent of knowledge of the Self.

jñānenājñānakāryasya samūlasya layo yadi
tiṣṭhatyayaṃ kathaṃ deha iti śaṅkāvato jaḍān
samādhātuṃ bāhyadṛṣṭyā prārabdhaṃ vadati śrutiḥ
[Adhyatma Up. - 59,60]

Meaning
The ignorant person asks, "If the actions done out of ignorance get destoryed completely upon the advent of knowldge, then how can the body exist?". The Shruti in a superficial manner says its due to prarabdha.

Such a liberated person is called a jivan mukta who spends rest of his existence in the bliss of the Self. Some symptoms of that state are: discrimination will go away, desires will go away, thoughts will vanish, even concept of liberation will go away. There will be nothing to know. The person will always feel blissful. One great example of such a personality is Shriman Ramana Maharshi who got liberated while at the age of a student.

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The answer of the question lies in the word ZERO. According to vedas, the most prominent answer to define Param Atman is Shunya ( Zero ). Another thing to help is Bhagwat Gita, every action ( Karma ) has a response and that too equal in nature, meaning if your did good you'll get good in return not only in the same form but also in the same amount.

Moving forward if you haven't done anything, you have actually neither gained good or bad, you are in Zero Karmic State, or Zero itself, partially the Param Atman.

But There cannot be 2 Param Atmans, their only one exists and will always exist. In such case the 2 combine or merge to become one, which in results acts as liberation of the soul.

Bottom Note : No Karmas then No results, hence Liberation. And the soul's PARAM goal is to attain Shunya or Param Atman. And if you did Karmas you are destined to get results from it, whatever manner or intention you have applied to it. But if you do in manner of not doing its equal to Shunya ( or No Karma at all), this is considered under Akarmic States of Soul.

Will a man attain liberation the moment his karma is nullified? YES, whatever age he is in, student, mature or sadhu. Once the Atman is liberated it vanishes, you may only find body lying under, many would consider it death, and that could also be. There have been incidents when the world has lost people who were neither old, nor had any type of body deficiencies but died, those can be liberation but not death.

  • You should cite sources. Also, why in the world are you equating Paramatma with Shunya (nothingness)? What sect of Hinduism do you follow that teaches you that? – Keshav Srinivasan Nov 16 '14 at 16:18
  • What keshava says is right. One cannot equate Parabrahman with Shunya in Hinduism. The moment you equate Parabrahman with Shunya then it is Buddhism you are talking about. All the great acharyas Adi shankaracharya, Ramanujacharya and Madhvacharya have clearly disproved that buddhism is non-vedic...Also, as long as the Jiva is entangled in the gross body, there cannot be moksham...Jivan Muktha, may be hypotheticaly considered as partial liberation, but, actual moksha or liberation is only when one exhausts ones karmas and also gives up the prakritic body which entangles the Jivathma. – user808 Nov 18 '14 at 6:43
  • @Krishna, even I don't know where u brought those lines from, but I have heard from Gurus, I found this link shunyavada.com , this might help you understand. – Mr. K Nov 19 '14 at 5:22
  • @K - Please read the actual brahma sutra bhasyas of the principle Gurus (Shankara, Ramanuja and Madhva). These are available online as well as in many book shops at reasonable prices. Please don't go by modern day guru's who have made a potpurri of all religions and mash it. Now, one can come up with new meaning to what shunya etc...But, in sanatana Hindu dharma, Sunya Vada is part of Buddhism which is has been disproved by all the acharyas as non-vedic #Thanks# – user808 Nov 19 '14 at 6:19
  • @Krishna, m not here for a figth, rather, this concept fits to my brain, not only fits it has answered me most of the question related to the Puranas which I had , I feel more contented with this concept, yet as you recommend I'll read those text you supplemented. And to the point of Buddhism, buddha is considered as vishu avatar, Thanks. – Mr. K Nov 19 '14 at 12:30

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