Are there Verses/Mantras in Veda, any Hindu Scripture which speak about Time, speak about Space, speak about Space-time relationship (Space-time curvature)
(I dont know what Spacetime Curvature is; I simply used it)
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Time: A relative term. No one can say for sure, as to which point of reference one is talking about in which a particular event occurred, unless we give a particular base. It can be measured in hours and minutes or muhUrtha or thithi or paksha/fortnight, etc, depending upon the culture/place of reference, etc.
Space: It is the place from which everything,( ie., matter, water, air, fire), emanated - दयौष (Rig veda).
“pṛthivyāpastejovāyurākāśāt” indicates the sequence of initial appearance of the five basic gross elements. Thus, first appeared the space, from which appeared air, from that fire or energy, from which the water, and therefrom the earth.
If we view the concepts TIME and SPACE spiritually, then we can understand that the 5 elements - panchabhUta - are inside the human being as well as in the outer world.
Emotions/feelings emanate due to attachment to five elements. Finally, everything will merge into that SPACE only.
Spiritually it is called SELF REALISATION or merging into BRAHMAN and physically it is called death of a body. In order to occur this SELF REALISATION/death of a body, a particular point of TIME is required.
In Veda, Indra was mentioned as the BRAHMAN (Rig Veda 2.1.3), who removes the obstacles while progressing spiritually (elimination of vritra), finally releases waters (A BLISS) to humanity (INDIVIDUAL).
Again, it requires passage of certain events and arrival of certain point of TIME, which again being controlled by the Almighty God/BRAHMAN.
Whatever we witness certain events, in between birth and death, will aid in completion of the circle.
Time and Space can be better understood through the image of dynamic Goddess Kali(Kala-Time) dancing over Shiva/Shava(static space/Akasha).
Kali represents Mother Nature. She is Aum, the cosmic vibration. In Aum everything exists—all matter, all energy, and the thoughts of all conscious beings. Hence, Her garland of heads, to show that She is invisibly present in all minds.
The play of life and death expresses Her activity in Nature: creation, preservation, and destruction. Hence the sword, the head, and a third hand extended, bestowing life.
“Her energy is omnipresent; hence Her streaming hair, representing energy.
Shiva, Her husband, represents God in His vibrationless state, beyond creation. Thus, He is depicted as supine.
“Kali is depicted as dancing all over creation. This dance represents the movement of cosmic vibration, in which all things exist. When Kali’s foot touches the breast of the Infinite, however, She puts her tongue out as if to say, ‘Oh, oh, I’ve gone too far!’ For at the touch of the Infinite Spirit, all vibration ceases.
“Those who feel themselves attracted to Nature’s outward manifestations must continue the endless round of life and death, through incarnation after incarnation. Those devotees, however, who deeply long for freedom from the cosmic play worship God in the indwelling Self. Through meditation, they merge in the infinite Aum. And from oneness with Aum they pass beyond creation, to unite their consciousness with God—timeless, eternal Bliss.
“The Divine Mother is, of course, without form, though we may say also that Her body is the entire universe, with its infinity of suns and moons. She can also appear to the devotee in human form, however. When She does so, She is enshrined in supernal beauty.
“All the images of gods in India are symbolic. We must look beyond their shapes to the hidden meanings they represent.”
The image of Kali-Shiva or or Prana Shakti-Akasha or Time-Space was also explained in the Gospels of Ramakrishna Paramhansa
Whatever you perceive in the universe is the outcome of the union of Purusha and Prakriti. Take the image of Shiva and Kali.
Kali stands on the bosom of Shiva; Shiva lies under Her feet like a corpse; Kali looks at Shiva. All this denotes the union of Purusha and Prakriti.
Purusha is inactive; therefore Shiva lies on the ground like a corpse.
Prakriti performs all Her activities in conjunction with Purusha. Thus She creates, preserves, and destroys.
When I think of the Supreme Being as inactive - neither creating nor preserving nor destroying - I call Him Brahman or Purusha, the Impersonal God. When I think of Him as active - creating, preserving and destroying - I call Him Sakti or Maya or Prakriti, the Personal God. But the distinction between them does not mean a difference. The Personal and Impersonal are the same thing, like milk and its whiteness, the diamond and its lustre, the snake and its wriggling motion. It is impossible to conceive of the one without the other. The Divine Mother and Brahman are one.
By what power is this Akasha manufactured into this universe? By the power of Prana. Just as Akasha is the infinite, omnipresent material of this universe, so is this Prana the infinite, omnipresent manifesting power of this universe. At the beginning and at the end of a cycle everything becomes Akasha, and all the forces that are in the universe resolve back into the Prana; in the next cycle, out of this Prana is evolved everything that we call energy, everything that we call force. It is the Prana that is manifesting as motion; it is the Prana that is manifesting as gravitation, as magnetism. It is the Prana that is manifesting as the actions of the body, as the nerve currents, as thought force. From thought down to the lowest force, everything is but the manifestation of Prana. The sum total of all forces in the universe, mental or physical, when resolved back to their original state, is called Prana. "When there was neither aught nor naught, when darkness was covering darkness, what existed then? That Akasha existed without motion." The physical motion of the Prana was stopped, but it existed all the same.
At the end of a cycle the energies now displayed in the universe quiet down and become potential. At the beginning of the next cycle they start up, strike upon the Akasha, and out of the Akasha evolve these various forms, and as the Akasha changes, this Prana changes also into all these manifestations of energy. The knowledge and control of this Prana is really what is meant by Pranayama
The modern scientists behind all the modern discoveries, physics and mathematics also tried to explain the reality in terms of time-space, frequency-vibration etc.,
We are slowed down sound and light waves, a walking bundle of frequencies tuned into the cosmos. We are souls dressed up in sacred biochemical garments and our bodies are the instruments through which our souls play their music. -Albert Einstein
If you want to find the secrets of the universe, think in terms of energy, frequency and vibration. - Nikola Tesla
As a man who has devoted his whole life to the most clear headed science, to the study of matter, I can tell you as a result of my research about atoms this much: There is no matter as such. All matter originates and exists only by virtue of a force which brings the particle of an atom to vibration and holds this most minute solar system of the atom together. We must assume behind this force the existence of a conscious and intelligent mind. This mind is the matrix of all matter.
I regard consciousness as fundamental. I regard matter as derivative from consciousness. We cannot get behind consciousness. Everything that we talk about, everything that we regard as existing, postulates consciousness. -Max Planck
After the conversations about Indian philosophy, some of the ideas of Quantum Physics that had seemed so crazy suddenly made much more sense. The Same organizing forces that have shaped nature in all her forms are also responsible for the structure of our minds. - Werner Heisenberg
We do not belong to this material world that science constructs for us. We are not in it; we are outside. We are only spectators. The reason why we believe that we are in it, that we belong to the picture, is that our bodies are in the picture. Our bodies belong to it. Not only my own body, but those of my friends, also of my dog and cat and horse, and of all the other people and animals. And this is my only means of communicating with them. Consciousness is a singular of which the plural is unknown. There is only one thing and that which seems to be a plurality is merely a series of different aspects of this one thing, produced by a deception, the Indian maya, as in a gallery of mirrors. - Erwin Schrodinger