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Rig Veda II.7.5 says as follows:

तवं नो असि भारताग्ने वशाभिरुक्षभिः | अष्टापदीभिराहुतः ||

Translation of H.H. Wilson is as follows:

AGNI. descendant of Bharata, thou art entirely ours, when sacrificed to with pregnant kine, with barren cows or bulls

My question is why AGNI was called as descendant of Bharata? Did AGNI take birth in the family of Bharata?

  • This is the Sayanacharya's commentary may be useful if one wants to refer. – Paṇḍyā Dec 12 '19 at 2:37
  • @Paṇḍyā: Sayana says bhArata means sprung from the priests - producing by their rubbing together their sticks together. Dictionary says bharata means a priest - sage – srimannarayana k v Dec 12 '19 at 9:42
  • Must be an interpolation. – Ikshvaku Jan 21 at 14:43
  • If you say so, then it must be an interpretation @Ikshvaku – srimannarayana k v Jan 21 at 17:51
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According to H.H. Wilson (P.311), Sayana says bhArata means sprung from the priests - producing AGNI by their rubbing together their sticks together.


The Rig Veda III.29.2 & III.29.6 clarified this issue.

In the two fire-sticks Jātavedas lieth, even as the well-set germ in pregnant women, Agni who day by day must be exalted by men who watch and worship with oblations.

When with their arms they rub him straight he shineth forth like a strong courser, red in colour, in the wood. Bright, checkless, as it were upon the Aśvins' path, he passeth by the stones and burneth up the grass.


  • Must be an interpolation. – Ikshvaku Jan 21 at 14:43
  • If you say so, then it must be an interpretation @Ikshvaku – srimannarayana k v Jan 21 at 17:51

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