Rig Veda II.36.5 says

eṣa sya te tanvo nṛmṇavardhanaḥ saha ojaḥ pradivi bāhvorhitaḥ |

tubhyaṃ suto maghavan tubhyamābhṛtastvamasya brāhmanādā tṛpat piba ||

Translation of Ralph T.H. Griffith is as follows:

This is the strengthener of thy body's manly might: strength, victory for all time are placed within thine arms. Pressed for thee, Maghavan, it is offered unto thee: drink from the chalice of this Brahman, drink thy fill.

Translation of H.H. Wilson (p.183) is as follows:

This (libation). Indra. augmenter of thy bodily (vigour). favourable of old to the resistless strength of (thy) arms: it is effused. Meghavan. for thee. it is brought to thee from the Brahmana. do thou drink and be satisfied.

Both the translations are giving the meaning of from brAhmana. Though the word बरह्मा - brAhman was mentioned in II.1.2, it indicates the Almighty. However, here the word brAhmana was used.

In Rig Veda X.90.12, बराह्मण - brAhmana was used indicating one from Varna system, along with kshatriya, Vyasya and Sudra.

However, in the mantra in question, the word brAhmana alone was used that to requesting Indra to take oblation from a brAhmana.

I don't think it was used with the meaning of Varna system.

Can anyone throw light, please?

2 Answers 2


The verse is talking about Somarasa, drinking which Lord Indra gets strength and victory etc.

It is the vArna only because brAhmans offers Somarasa during yajnA to all deities. The same verse when gets translated in Hindi, referred the word brAhmanas as "jnani people". In fact, There is one yajnA named Somayajna itself in which soma rasa is used for the offerings and done by brAhmanas only. Quoting the text from the article "What is somayajna" :

Soma yagam is a highly spiritual and effective ritual performed as prescribed in the Vedas. This lasts for six days. This Yagam is called Soma Yagam because Soma rasam (juice) is used as the main oblation. The Soma plant, the king of medicinal herbs, is said to be ‘relished by the celestials’. In Soma Yagam there is the full complement of priests, with each of them being is assisted by three others. In all sixteen priests participate in the Soma Yagam. Agni stoma which is the first of the seven soma Yagams is the ‘Prakriti’ (archetype) and the other six are its ‘Vikriti’.

  • I had already mentioned that the usage of brAhmana May not be Varna basis. The sages who composed those mantras may have different meanings for that usage Commented Dec 17, 2019 at 15:52
  • @srimannarayanakv The meaning is straightforward regardless your disagreement "the usage of brAhmana May not be Varna basis". That's what I am trying to point out here.
    – TheLittleNaruto
    Commented Dec 17, 2019 at 17:50
  • As far as I understood, the mantras of Rig Veda were composed by rishies. I don't think they would have used one word in such a manner, which can be understood by all. Commented Dec 18, 2019 at 0:43
  • When it gets translated in Hindi it means "ज्ञानी जनों"
    – TheLittleNaruto
    Commented Dec 18, 2019 at 1:54
  • 1
    Your statement that It is the vArna only..." is not in concurrence with another statement **referred the word brAhmanas as "jnani people". Please check. Further, please remember that Soma is not physical in Rig Vedic Sense, but it is only BLISS mentioned as an epithet. Please check @TheLittleNaruto Commented Dec 18, 2019 at 9:58

Apart from in Rig Veda II.36.5, as mentioned in my question, the word brahmana was used in Rig Veda, here and there.

Rig Veda II.43.2, dedicated to Kapiñjala, says

udghāteva śakune sāma ghāyasi brahmaputra iva savaneṣu śaṃsasi | vṛṣeva vājī śiśumatīrapītyā sarvato naḥ śakune bhadramā vada viśvato naḥ śakune puṇyamā vada ||

Thou like the chanter-priest chantest the Sāma, Bird; thou singest at libations like a Brahman's son.

Even as a vigorous horse when he comes near the mare, announce to us good fortune, Bird, on every side, proclaim in all directions happy luck, O Bird.

In the mantra the word brahmaputra, bold portion, was used.

The brahmaputra - brAhman's son, will sing Sāma Veda at libations.

The major mantras of Sama Veda are from Rig Veda. As mentioned in the question, I don't think the word brAhmana had been used with the meaning of Varna system, as the mantra was composed by a Sage, who was a dhrastha that heard from the DIVINE, apart from being a poet.

So that cannot and will not, in my opinion, use a word to indicate something, which is not DIVINE.

Further, in the 2nd mantra from Rig Veda II.43.2, the word used was brahmaputra - Brahman's son. It must be viewed in esoteric sense only, which will mean only the son of Almighty, ie., a brAhman by himself, in spiritual sense.

So the word brAhmana was used in Rig Veda in the sense of a Realised one or Jnani only.

  • Here brahma putra are Garuda, Sesha, Rudra.. we have to check who is abhimani devata for sama that is Rudra.. Brahma putra is Rudra @srimannarayanakv
    – Prasanna R
    Commented Dec 19, 2019 at 12:24
  • @PrasannaR: We should not mix up Veda with Puranas. The meanings of epithets used in Rig Veda are used compared to that in Puranas. Commented Dec 19, 2019 at 12:43

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