The following analysis on Sri Hanuman was made based on Ramayana by Sage Valmiki. Folk stories or narrations from Puranas were not taken into account.
Sri Hanuman was described to be the son of Vayu, but not the incarnation of Shiva.
Sri Hanuman was described as the follower of dakshinAchAra - Vedic way of life. No one else was described in Ramayana so.
He had immense strength
Like Sri Krishna in Mahabharata, he is highly learned, righteous to the core, blessed with supernatural powers, wise, valiant, powerful, fearless but yet humble in character.
His behaviour is like that of a sad guru.
He is not the devotee of Sri Rama. By the time Sri Rama met him, he had already attained siddhis/powers and a learned person
Sage Valmiki described Sri Hanuman in Kishkinda Kanda. According to Srimad Ramayana, Sri Hanuma is bestowed with the following further capabilities/boons.
- No Astra can do harm to him. Even Brahma Astra can keep him motionless for a few moments only
- Lord Indra gave him a boon that Death will touch him at his wish only
- His speed is equal to Garuda himself.
- He had attained SIDDHIS
Sage Valmiki described the preparations of Sri Hanuma, when he decided to flew in Southern direction for searching Seeta in Lanka, as follows:.
अञ्जलिं प्राङ्मुखः कृत्वा पवनायात्मयोओनयो | ततो हि ववृधे गन्तुं
दक्षिणो दक्षिणां दिश्म् || (Sundara Kanda 1 Sarga 9 sloka)
Hanuma turned towards east, saluted his father, the Lord of Wind and
increased his body to go towards southern direction.
Sage Valmiki used the words दक्षिणो दक्षिणां दिश्म् in the sloka. If the words दक्षिणां दिश्म् indicate Southern Direction, why did the sage used the word दक्षिणो (dakshinO) again?
The word दक्षिणो (Dakshino) was used to indicate that Sri Hanuma is the follower of DAKSHINAACHARA, i.e., the VEDIC way life. Sri Hanuma was described by the Sage Valmiki as expert in all Vedas (kishkinda kanda).
During RAMAYANA period we will come across Ravana and Indrajit, the elder son of Ravana. They used to follow VAAMACHARA - non-Vedic way of life.
Sri Hanuma shows immense strength and dexterity in SUNDARA KANDA. He even says that he alone can slay Ravana alongwith his army.
Even Ravana acknowledges Sri Hanuma’s capabilities in Sundara Kanda (Sarga 46 Sloka 11 ).
दृष्टा हि हरयः शीघ्रा मया विपुल विक्रमाः | वाली च सह सुग्रीवो
जाम्बवान् च महाबलः || नीलः सेना पतिः चैव ये च अन्ये द्विविद आदयः | न
एव तेषाम् गतिः भीमा न तेजो न पराक्रमः || न मतिः न बल उत्साहो न रूप
"Earlier, I saw the Vanara-s of a great prowess like Vali and
Sugreeva, the mighty Jambavan, Nila the Chief of army and so on like
“Their scheme of performance is not so fearful as this; nor their
efficacy, nor their prowess, nor their intellect, nor this capacity to
change their form or energy at will."
He remained in sidelines till called for. When he led the way, his brilliance sparkled in every action, be it acting as a messenger, an advisor, fighting as a warrior, etc, he executed. He did not intervene when others are fighting their battle.
Seeta understood the strength of Sri Hanuman. However, Seeta did not want Sri Hanuman to take her to her husband. Her husband has to fight the battle and win her in the battle.
कामम् अस्य त्वम् एव एकः कार्यस्य परिसाधने | पर्याप्तः पर वीरघ्न यशस्यः
ते बल उदयः ||
"O Hanuma, the annihilator of enemies! You are yourself surely
sufficient single-handed completion of this task. Your elevated energy
is creditable indeed."
शरैस्तुः सम्कुलाम् कृत्वा लन्काम् पर बल अर्दनः | माम् नयेत् यदि
काकुत्स्थः तस्य तत् सादृशम् भवेत् ||
"But, it will be appropriate for Rama, who destroys the hostile
forces, to take me with him, after routing Lanka with his arrows."
तत् यथा तस्य विक्रान्तम् अनुरूपम् महात्मनः | भवति आहव शूरस्य तत्त्वम्
एव उपपादय || (Sundara Kanda 56 Sarga 3-5 Slokas)
"Therefore, you act in such a way that the high-souled Rama, valiant
in battle, may exhibit prowess worthy of him."
That was why, Sri Hanuman did not try to stop, though being capable, Indrajit when he was attacking, staying invisible by using his ascetic powers, Sri Rama and Lakshmana.
If he intervenes, their glory diminishes and ego gets hurt. Sri Rama and Lakshmana had to toil. After all it was their battle. He helped them by remaining in sidelines.
His behavior, actions will remind us that of a SADGURU.
A SADGURU will teach you, guide you, motivate you in the spiritual path, but you have to toil all along the spiritual line. The SADGURU will remain as a spectator of your efforts.
That is why we venerate Sri Hanuman.