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Surendra Kumar agyat in his book Kya Balu ki bheet par khada hai Hindu dharma (Does Hinduism stand on wall of sand) asks a question about the women. Below is the screenshot:- Kya Balu ki bheet par khada hai Hindu dharma page 50

He quoted here a verse of aitereya brahman.

  • Aitareya Brahmana 7:3:1

कृपणं ही दुहिता

Women causes pain.

I want to know that how can we response these type of verses.

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    This site is English oriented one. So please translate the Hindi version of your question content into English.Otherwise, answering will be difficult – Srimannarayana K V Feb 14 '20 at 15:38
  • कृपणं ही दुहिता -> Miserly milking (this is what I see in google translation) where this comes from ? (Women causes pain). This can be opinion based. – CR241 Feb 14 '20 at 22:18
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    Duhita = daughter (not 'woman' in general). Kripana = misery. When does daughter cause pain ? When she gets married and has to leave the house. It's pain of sorrow of separation. Not pain of being together. @CR241 – mar Feb 15 '20 at 3:47
  • Delineate deriding of Hindu Scriptures is not recommended – Prasanna R Feb 15 '20 at 6:51
  • @sriramnarayankv the book is in hindi. Once you said me in comment that we should quote Hindi version of translation when English is not available. And I have already translated the main verse into English. I pasted book's picture so one can't say that I have copied it from there. – Sanatan Darshan Feb 15 '20 at 7:54
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It has become fashion among the modern scholars to quote Sanskrit text selectively or out of context or twist the meaning of the original quote.


The context in which such a statement was made, in Aitareya Brahmana, is as follows:

Harischandra, the son of Vedhas, of the Iksvaku race, was a king who had no son. Though he had a hundred wives, they did not give birth to a son. In his house there lived the Risis, Parvata and Narada.

Once the king addressed to Narada (the following stanza) :

" Since all beings, those endowed with reason (men) as well as those who are without it (beasts) wish for a son, what is the fruit to be obtained by having a son ? This tell me, Narada? "

Narada thus addressed in one stanza, replied

  1. The father pays a debt in his son, and gains immortality, when he beholds the face of a son living who was born to him.

  2. The pleasure which a father has in his son, exceeds the enjoyment of all other beings, be they on the earth, or in the fire, or in the water.

  3. Fathers always overcome great difficulties through a son. (In him) the Self is born out of Self. The son is like a well-provisioned boat, which carries him over.

  4. " What is the use of living unwashed,' wearing the goatskin,' and beard '? What is the use of performing austerities ? * You should wish for a son, Brahmans ! " Thus people talk of them^ (who forego the married life on account of religious devotion).

  5. Food preserves life, clothes protect from cold, gold (golden ornaments) gives beauty, marriages produce wealth in cattle ; " the wife is the friend, the daughter object of compassion, but the son shines as his light in the highest heaven.


The meaning of the saying here the daughter object of compassion - कृपणं ह दुहिता, should not be read and understood, as Eternal Truth like - Sun raises in the East.

The scholars, who quote the above phrase, out of context, do not bother to look at the preceding statement on wife - wife is the friend - सखा ह जाया.

Is wife not woman? Why was wife mentioned as friend, but daughter was mentioned as cause of misery?


The crux of the issue lies in the fact that daughter will go to another family, as another bride comes to one's family, as daughter-in-law.

The bondage between father and daughter is as strong as father and a son.

However, the son remains with the father, whereas the daughter has to necessarily move out after marriage to someone else's family, which creates unbearable sorrow.


This quote has nothing to do with demeaning of women.

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First of all we need to understand in what context this whole conversation is going on, this conversation is going on between King Harishchandra and Narada Muni, here King Harishchandra had multiple wives but no son, now for a King a son was important because he would rule the kingdom, go in battlefield to fight against the enemies and to led the generation forward. This was natural in those times, we need to understand that the Dos and Donts are not the eternal things in Hinduism, its philosophy and eternal teachings are considered eternal, the Dos and Donts are made according to the time, place and various circumstances, they are not the eternal truth. There is a way of studying the shastras, by going through these stories mentioned in Brahamanas, Itihaas, Puranas, we need to follow what is applicable in present time what can led to our welfare, this is known as studying by विधिमुख, and what can't be applied should be rejected as निषेधमुख. Coming back to the topic, here King Harishchandra asked about son with Sage Narada, now Narada muni is a very clever character, he responds according to the situation according to the divine leela that is being done. Now when King Harishchandra asked about having a son, then sage Narada started glorifying the importance of son. Even he went to say that , What is the use of living unwashed,' wearing the goatskin,' and beard '? What is the use of performing austerities ? * You should wish for a son, Brahmans ! . Now here , Narada muni is completely denying any importance of performing austerities, does that means that performing tapa, following austerities and renunciation is useless in Hinduism as Narada had mentioned so it became an eternal truth so nobody should perform austerities, only a fool will think like that. Hinduism is filled with examples of many sages who didn't marry, there is a concept of naištika brahmacārya where a sage doesn't enters into family life. So what Narada muni said was in context of that situation.

Now the lines further goes as " Food preserves life, clothes protect from cold, gold (golden ornaments) gives beauty, marriages produce wealth in cattle ; " the wife is the friend, the daughter object of compassion, but the son shines as his light in the highest heaven.". Now the scholars, who quote the above phrase, out of context, do not bother to look at the preceding statement on wife - wife is the friend - सखा ह जाया.

Both wife and daughters are females then why was wife mentioned as friend, but daughter was mentioned as cause of misery?

The crux of the issue lies in the fact that daughter will go to another family, as another bride comes to one's family, as daughter-in-law.

The bondage between father and daughter is as strong as father and a son.

However, the son remains with the father, whereas the daughter has to necessarily move out after marriage to someone else's family, which creates unbearable sorrow. So here this is the context, even in today's bollywood movies when the farewell scene comes then sad songs are played at the background.

So, it was all just a part of divine leela in that situation, in that context in that circumstances, while reading such leela if anyone finds something useful in the conversation then he/she should accept it with विधिमुख and thinks that something isn't useful then should reject it with निषेधमुख.

There are many verses in hindu scriptures that glorifies and prays for the daughter, here are some of them

Brihadaranyaka Upanishad 6.4.17 “He who wishes that a daughter should be born to him who would be a scholar and attain a full term of life, should have rice cooked with sesame, and he and his wife should eat it with the clarified butter. Then they would be able to produce such a daughter.”

Asvalayana Grihya sutra 1.2.1-5 also mentions a ritual for birth of both son and daughter.

Rig Veda 8.31.8 “With sons and daughters by their side they reach their full extent of life,Both decked with ornaments of gold.”

Agni Purana 33.14 ” O twice born one! Otherwise twenty four or thirty six garlands should be consecrated to the sun with the ring and middle fingers by those who desire for a daughter.”

Agni Purana 325. 20-22a “By this worship, a person desirous of getting a daughter would get a daughter, a person not having a son would get a son, an unfortunate woman would get fortune….”

Atharva-veda 10.3.20 says that it is matter of glory to have Girl child.

Mahabharata, Anushasan Parva 13.47.26 says, “The daughter, O king, has been ordained in the scriptures to be equal to the son.”

Matsya Puran (2.155) further says, “Scriptures stated many times that a Daughter is equal to ten sons.”

Skandh Puran I.ii.23.46, it says “A Daughter is equal to ten sons. The merit that one derives by bringing up ten sons is obtainable by bringing up one daughter.”

Padma Puran 4.24.18-25 says that there is no escape from Hell for those who sell their daughter.

Linga Puran 5.30-33 says that the word ‘Putri’ (Putri is a Sanskrit word which means Daughter) is interpreted as “one who saves from hell”.

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  • It looks some of the text has been taken from existing answer. In such as case, use block quote and mention the author or source of the text. – Pandya Jan 29 at 14:09

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