In the earliest scriptures Brahma/Prajapati/Hiranyagarbha is depicted as having no genealogy and sometimes equated with Parabrahmam.

for example:


but in later scriptures he is said to be born from a lotus sprouting from Vishnu's navel.

  • Brahma is personified Brahman. Brahma being born of Vishnu is henotheism of smritis and puranas of Kaliyuga without touching the shrutis. If Vedic dharma was fixed to idolizing God to a particular name or form like Vishnu, Brahma or Shiva, than how would had been better than modern Abrahamic religions who say God is just allah or Jesus and rest is Satan or kafir. Giving name or form to God itself is making infinite omnipresent god, finite and limited. hinduism.stackexchange.com/a/36891/16530
    – user16530
    Feb 18 '20 at 3:56
  • 4
    I think you shd get some kind of an award for creating tags like "navel" and "conflicts". :D
    – Rickross
    Feb 18 '20 at 8:39
  • 2
    Does this answer your question? What is the history of Brahma's birth?
    – Adiyarkku
    Nov 18 '20 at 13:58

Durga Saptasathi, a part of Markandeya Purana, contains reference to Brahma, being emanated from the navel of Vishnu.

आस्तीर्य शेषमभजत्कल्पान्‍ते भगवान् प्रभुः। तदा द्वावसुरौ घोरौ विख्यातौ मधुकैटभौ॥६७॥

विष्णुकर्णमलोद्भूतो हन्‍तुं ब्रह्माणमुद्यतौ। स नाभिकमले विष्णोः स्थितो ब्रह्मा प्रजापतिः॥६८॥

दृष्ट्वा तावसुरौ चोग्रौ प्रसुप्तं च जनार्दनम्। तुष्टाव योगनिद्रां तामेकाग्रहृदयस्थितः॥६९॥

At the end of a kalpa when the universe was one ocean( with the waters of the deluge) and the adorable Lord Vishnu stretched out on Sesa and took the mystic slumber, tow terrible asuras, the well-known Madhu and Kaitabha, sprung into being from the dirt of Vishnu’s ears, sought to slay Brahma; Brahma, the father of beings, was sitting in the lotus( that came out) from Vishnu’s navel.

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