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Popularly belief is that SriRamnanujacharya is the avatara (incarnation) of Sankarshana/Balarama/Lakshmana/Adisesha.

The question is whose avatara is Sri Ramanujacharya and is there any specific references in puranas and any other texts written before 15th century?

  • Sankarshana is no different from Krishna. The immediate expansion of Krishna. Why the confusion I don't understand. Krishna is the supreme and so is sankarshana or any of his incarnation may be direct or empowered. Its all spiritual. Vaikuntha or goloka krishnastu bhagawan swayam. When this is the case nothing to worry – user2676 Mar 24 '15 at 19:37
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This book lists two scriptural citations which prophesy Ramanujacharya. The first is from the Vriddha Padma Purana (I'm not sure if it's different from the regular Padma Purana):

Long, long afterwards, the Lord himself will come down on earth as a Tridanda Sanyasin, to restore the good law. At that time heretics and men of perverted intellects will confuse the minds of the people. Asuric Sastras, based upon fallacious arguments and various schools of thought, very attractive and almost indistinguishable from the Vedanta, will turn away mens' hearts from Vishnu and cause them to forget His glory. That glorious incarnation will, through the good fortune of the Lord's devotees, come down upon earth, to explain and amplify the teachings of the great Sage Badaraayana and the divine singer of the Gita. The holy one would compose a Bhashya on the Vyasa Sutras, to save men from the confusion and despair caused by spurious doctrines and lead them to the True faith.

This is a reference to Ramanujacharya's composition of the Sri Bhashya, his famous commentary on the Brahma Sutras. In any case, note that this does not contradict Ramanujacharya being an incarnation of Adiseshan, because as I discuss in this answer Balarama has the same property.

The other citation is from the Yadavachala Mahatmya (AKA the Yadavagiri Mahatmya) of the Narada Purana:

His primal manifestation was as Ananta; his second as Lakshmana, the younger brother of Rama; his third as Balabhadra the elder brother of Krishna; and once again he will come down on Earth in the Kali Yuga.

In addition to the Puranic references, this webpage quotes two Pancharatra texts which refer to Ramanujacharya. First there's the Ishwara Samhita, where Vishnu tells Balarama this:

O Son of Yadu-race (BalarAma) ! thou hast clean (or pure) devotion (or love) for Me. Thou, first as S'esha didst the great service for Me. Then next didst thou worship me as Lakshmana. Thou art now serving me as Balabharada. Thou shalt again in Kali age be born as a great BrAhmana (=RAmAnuja), and shalt worship me with many things of joy

And then there is the Brihad-Brahma Samhita, which mentions Ramanujacharya by name:

My Samkarshana part (O Sri),' says NArAyan, 'is the form of a BrAhmana, by the name RAmAnuja, which it is going to take, after the DvApara age and in the kAli age, to expound the Vishnu-dharma (=BhAgavata Religion), when the world will be full of heretics or renegades (pAsanda). Know that RAmAnuja will be the specially favoured of S'riRanga (-natha) and he will show the way to the Realm known as Viakuntha. The One-pointed Religion exclusively to be rendered to Thee and Me (=Sriman NArAyana) the religion which delivers (creatures) from the bonds of samsAra (material existance) becomes dimmed by age, O fair faced one ! According to the requirements of the age, I take many forms, and act by means of My devotees such as Vishvaksena, Sathakopa, etc., and RAmAnuja in the Kali age.

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    RamanujaCharya reference is in skanda purana also :) – SwiftPushkar Jan 10 '17 at 21:24
  • @SwiftPushkar Oh, where in the Skanda Purana? – Keshav Srinivasan Jan 10 '17 at 22:21
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    I think in "VankatMahtmya" just seen that today , I will give you details later on :) – SwiftPushkar Jan 10 '17 at 22:31
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    @SwiftPushkar I think there is a guy named "Ramanuja" referenced in the Venkatachala Mahatmya, but I think he's different from Ramanujacharya. But Ramanujacharya did have connections to Tirupati - he tied his legs behind his back and climbed the hills on his knees, because he thought the hills were so holy that he didn't want his feet to touch them. Also, Ramanujacharya is the one that decisively established, both by arguments and by miracles, that the Venkateshwara statue is Vishnu. – Keshav Srinivasan Jan 10 '17 at 22:37
  • Ohh ok , Shree RamanujaCharya was such a great devotee to do such a thing. So both are different persons ok.Just seen the name while searching an answer today. – SwiftPushkar Jan 10 '17 at 22:52
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The only way to say that somebody is an avataara of somebody, is through Agama pramANa. If it is not supported by Agama pramANa, it is just blind belief - be it in case of Sri Krishna being Vishnu's avatara.

There are conflicting pramanas even for the ones that we accept. But that does not mean we resort to blind belief

Instead, we should resort to thorough analysis i.e. determine the relative strength of contradicting pramanas, and arrive at the correct tenet. For example, consider the tenet that Bhimasena is a vAyu-avataara. If one line in Mahabharata says that he is vAyu's avatAra

vAyur bhImo bhImanAdo

in another verse, bhIma says that he will win against jImuuta by the prasAda of mahAdeva (Rudra).

So do we give more importance to the first pramANa and say that the mahAdeva actually refers to Vishnu by yaugikaartha OR do we give more importance to the second pramANa and hold that Bhima is not vAyu's avatAra (or that vAyu is inferior to rudra)? .This kind of analysis is inevitable, especially for those who are not satisfied with just assertions from scholars, swamijis etc..

  • Question is whose avatar is Ramanujacharya not Bhima. Your answer doesn't discuss that. at all. – Sarvabhouma Apr 10 '18 at 6:21
  • I've explained why Sri Ramanuja Acharaya cannot be considered as an avAtar with reference to Agama pramanA and with BhimA – Arun Apr 10 '18 at 15:38
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    Then how do you know there is no pramana for Ramanujacharya? Read Keshav's answer and user808's answer. There are pramanas. Also, don't use preformatted text for quoting. When you are quoting a statement, you should use block quotes. Don't rollback the edit. – Sarvabhouma Apr 10 '18 at 16:11
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Sri Ramanujacharya is popularly believed by all as Sankarshana/Balarama/Sesha avatara (incarnation of Adisesha). But let us delve a bit and understand who Ramanujacharya actually is?

Let’s look at the name Ramanuja.

It means Raama + Anuja i.e. the younger brother of Lord Raama.

Who is this younger brother?

People jump to the conclusion that it is Lakshmana.

Yes, It applies to Lakshmana also.

But, what it actually means is that Ramaanuja is the younger brother of Balaraama i.e. Lord Krishna, himself.

Already, Keshav Srinivasan has provided some proofs from puranas and a few more texts.

I will try to supplement and complement it with proofs from others texts.

In the biography of Ramanujacharya (12th -13 th century); it is clearly mentioned as follows

kEsava sOmayAji (father of Ramanujacharya) came and worshipped rukmiNi samEtha vEnkatakrishna (Lord Parthasarathy) and performed puthra kAmEshti yAgam to beget a child. Lord Parthasarathy (Krishna) appeared to him and told him that he will himself take birth as his child.

So, thiruvallikkENi (one of 108 vaishnava kshtras), Lord Krishna himself came as Sri Ramanujacharya.

Let’s look at the works of Tiruvarangath Amudanar (11 th-12th century - who was disciple of Kuresa who in turn was direct disciple of SriRamanujacharya) raamanujaNootrandhadhi in tamil and works of great acharya like Vedanta desika (13th century)

Verses from rammanujaNootrandhadhi of Tiruarangath Amudhanar (11th-12th century)

adaiyAr kamalaththu alarmagaL kELvan * kai Azhi ennum

padaiyOdu nAndhagamum padar thaNdum ** oN sArngka villum

pudaiyAr purisangkamum indhap bUthalam kAppadhaRku * enRu

idaiyE * irAmAnusa muni Ayina innilaththE (verse 33)

Meaning :The Lord of lotus-dame Lakshmi wields the discus sudarsana, the dagger Nandaki, the mace kaumodaki, the bow sarnga, and the dextral conch Panchajanya. To protect the good, they have come into this world in the form of a Muni called Ramanuja.

adal koNda nEmiyan Aruyir nAthan * anRAraNach sol

kadal koNda oNporuL kaNdaLippa ** pinnum kAsiniyOr

idarin kaN vIzhndhidath thAnum avvoNporuL koNdu * avar pin

padarum guNan * em irAmAnusan than padi idhuvE (verse 36)

Meaning :Then in the yore, the lord of all souls, wielder of the discus, brought out the hidden meaning of Vedic texts to Arjuna. Even then, seeing the impatient worldly ones trapped in despair, the lord followed ones trapped in despair, the lord's followed them with good advice. That is how our Ramanuja came to be!

adiyaith thodarndhezhum aivargatkAy * anRu bArathap pOr

mudiyap * parinedunthEr vidum kOnai ** muzhudhuNarndha

adiyarkkamudham irAmAnusan * ennai ALa vandhu ip

padiyil piRandhadhu * maRRillai kAraNam pArththidilE ( Verse 51 )

Meaning : Then in the yore the lord drove the steed-driven chariot for the five devoted Pandavas in the Bharata war. Now he has taken birth again as Ramanuja, the sweet ambrosia of devotees, for my upliftment alone, I can see no other reason.

So, from the above three verses it is very clear that Lord Krishna/Narayana himself came down as Sri Ramanujacharya. When Lord comes all his paraphernalia like weapons come along with him.

Here in above verses it says Ramanujacharya was all in one (Lord Krishna + all his weapons)

Let us look at another more verses from rammanujaNootrandhadhi of Amudhanar (11th -12 th century)

jnAnam kanindha nalam koNdu * nAL thoRum naibavarkku

vAnam koduppadhu mAdhavan ** valvinaiyEn manaththil

Inam kadindha irAmAnusan * thannai eydhinarkku ath

thAnam koduppadhu * than thagavennum charaN koduththE (verse 66)

Meaning :For those who offer worship everyday with a heart mellowed by knowledge the Lord Madhava (Lord Narayana/Krishna) grants the sky world of Moksha. Ramanuja, who removed the inadequacies of my heart, gives that same position to those who approach him, through compassion for the refuge-seekers.

saraNam adaindha dharumanukkA * paNdu nURRuvarai

maraNam adaiviththa mAyavan ** thannai vaNangka vaiththa

karaNam ivai umakkanRenRu irAmAnusan * uyirgatku

araN angkamaiththilanEl * araNAr maRRu ivvAruyirkkE? (verse 67)

Meaning :The wonder-Lord caused victory over the hundred for Dharmaputra who took refuge in him. Ramanuja taught us that these limbs are not for personal use but for service to the lord. But for him, who would have provided refuge to these suffering souls?

Ar enakkinRu nigar sollil? * mAyan anRu aivar dheyvath

thErinil seppiya * gIthaiyin semmaip ** poruL theriyap

pArinil sonna irAmAnusanaip paNiyum nallOr *

sIrinil senRu paNindhadhu * en Aviyum sindhaiyumE (Verse 68)

Meaning :Then in the yore the wonder Lord gave the Gita driving the chariot for Arjuna in the battle. Our master Ramanuja expounded its meaning to the world, with a lucid commentary. My heart and soul forever bathe in the goodness of his devotees. Come to say, who is my peer?

thErAr maRaiyin thiRam enRu * mAyavan thIyavaraik

kUrAzhi koNdu kuRaippadhu ** koNdal anaiya vaNmai

ErAr guNaththu em irAmAnusan * avvezhil maRaiyil

sErAdhavaraich sidhaippadhu * appOdhu oru sinthai seydhE (Verse 74)

Meaning: With his fierce discus of time, the wonder Lord wipes out the wicked ones that do not follow the Vedic path, whereas the cool-as-the-raincloud Ramanuja convinces them through reason and brings them into the radiant Vedic path. kali mikka sennel kazhanik kuRaiyal * kalaip perumAn

oli mikka pAdalai uNdu * than uLLam thadiththu ** adhanAl

vali mikka sIyam irAmAnusan * maRai vAdhiyarAm

pulimikkadhenRu * ipbuvanaththil vandhamai pORRuvanE

Meaning : When the tigers of heretic thoughts roamed everywhere freely, Ramanuja came as a lion unto them, strengthened of heart by the Pann-based songs of fertile Kuraiyalur's king kalikanri. I bow to him.

vaLarndha vengkOpa madangkalonRAy * anRu vAL avuNan

kiLarndha * pon Agam kizhiththavan ** kIrththip payir ezhundhu

viLaindhidum sindhai irAmAnusan * endhan meyvinai nOy

kaLaindhu nan njAnam aLiththanan * kaiyil kani ennalE (Verse103 )

Meaning :Then in the yore the Lord appeared as a huge, terribly angry man-lion and tore the mighty golden chest of the heavily armed Hiranya. His glory grows in the fertile fields of Ramanuja's heart. Pulling out the weeds of my karmic birth, he gives me a good harvest of ripe knowledge.

kaiyil kani ennak kaNNanaik kAttith tharilum * undhan

meyyil piRangkiya * sIr anRi vENdilan yAn ** nirayath

thoyyil kidakkilum sOdhi viN sErilum ivvaruL nI *

seyyil tharippan * irAmAnusa! en sezhung koNdalE! (verse 104 )

Meaning : O Ramanuja! My ripe rain-cloud! Even if you give me Krishna like a fruit in my hands, I still seek the glory that flows from your frame only, Whether I fall into the dungeon of hell or whether I attain the glorious high heaven, you must give me this, or else I shall not live.

Let’s look at the similarity between the Lord and Ramanujacharya in the above mentioned verses.

1) It is clear that Lord Madhava gives moksha. Ramanujacharya also gives moksha.

2) Lord Krishna gave refuge to Yudhistitra and got a victory to him in the Mahabharata war. Ramanujacharya provides refuge to lakhs and thousands of suffering souls.

3) Lord Krishna gave bhagavad gita to Arjuna (soul). Sri Ramanujacharya gave the ultimate true meaning meaning of Bhagavad gita to the suffering souls.

4) Lord wipes of the wicked by his discus, Sri Ramanujacharya sweeps (convinces) them through reason and brings them to the royal vedic path.

5) Lord came as Naarasimha and destroyed Hiranyakasipu and liberated Prahalada. Sri Ramanujacharya came and destroyed the karmas of the suffering souls and thereby liberated them.

Finally, Amdhunar concludes saying that even if Lord Krishna himself comes to him and provides succor, he will not accept him. He will accept Lord Krishna only when he comes in Sri Ramanujacharya’s form and provides him relief from the samsaric ills.

As per Yatiraja saptati of great poet and philosopher Vedanta Desika (13 th century):

1) Ramanujacharya is an incarnation of the Lord’s five weapons (Verse 12),

2) and of Vishvaksena, the commander-in-chief of the Lord’s army in Vaikuntha (Verse 32),

3) and the Lord Himself (verse 63).

In the verse 13 of Yatiraja saptati, Sri Vedanta Desika (13th century) says as follows

Samithodaya sankaradi garvaha

(Ramanujacharya strongly refuted the advaita philosophy of Shankara and others, similar to lord Krishna who sudued Siva during the Banasura episode, subduing Indra and Bramha)

Svabaladudruta Yadavaprakakasaha

(Ramanujacharya disproved Yadavaprakasa who was an advaitin guru and accepted him as his disciple. This is similar to Lord Krishna defeating Kamsa and providing peace to Yadavas)

Avaropithavan SrutheyapiParthan

(Ramanujacharya gave the correct interpretations of Vedanta sutras there by removing all the mis representations and removing all the fears. This is similar to the Krishna removing the fears of Arjuna (the word ApiParthan should be broken as Api + parthan meaning like Lord Krishna destroyed the enemies of arjuna and protected pandavas)

nanu ramavarajaha sa yesha bhuyaha

(It is great fortune that Lord Krishna himself come as SriRamanujacharya)

So, Sri Ramanujacharya is Supreme Lord Narayana/Krishna/Vishnu, himself.

In his work, Garudapanchasath – Garudadandakam archanaavyakyanam (in telugu) the author, Sriman I. Bhasyakaracharyaulu, in the introduction provides, references of Garuda and greatness from various sources like Vedas, ithihasas (Ramayana, Mahabharata) and Puranas. The author says that in madhuramangala mahatyam (dakshina madhura) of Bramhavaivarta purana, it is mentioned as follows

Evam vivardhamnesya mahatmayam vividhey buddhahaa !

Chintaavisheshanaa mugraanam smitadranstravaseeyujaam !

Kaminibhogina masya pratyaneekathayaa sadaa !

Sarpa?syasparshagenaapi samsara vishanashanat !!

Raamanuja priyatvacha srisasya vahanad sada !

Amrutapaharanaachapi sarvshaamapi yachatham!!

Anumanai grahisyanthi bahudaasya kageysatham !

(Lord Narayana appeared in front of Garuda and told him go to earth during Kaliyuga in form of govinda bhattar (Embar; Cousin brother of Ramanujacharya) become a disciple of Ramanujacharya and help in propagation of sampradayam.)

We all know, Garuda always serves the Lord exclusively. In his avataram as Embar or Govinda bhattar, he served Ramanujacharya. This also is strong proof that Sri Ramanujacharya is Lord Vasudeva/Narayana/Krishna/Vishnu himself.

Let’s look at the a few Vishnu sahasranama verses and see how they refer to Sri Ramanujacharya perfectly:

570 - sahishnuh

a) He who is endowed with enormous patience – Ramanujacharya was endowed with great patience and went on to extent of giving the Aastakshari mantra to one and all.

b) He who forgives – He forgave his own guru who wanted to planned to kill and made him a great Acharya and also forgave Kulothunga Chola who prosecuted vaishnavas. He also forgave those who tried to poison him and made them his principle disciples.

c) He who conquers His foes – Ramanujacharya conquered all by his reasoning and by his writing with vedas as pramana and made them follow the path of Saranagathy.

e) He who willingly accepts the offerings of His devotees - When tikurrukapiran pillan (one of close disciples) wrote the first commentary on Alwars divya prabhandham, Ramanujacharya accepted it and gave his approval. There are many more instances.

  1. gati-sattamah

a) The best instructor in the path of dharma – Acharya literally instructed the best path towards moksha and for serving the Lord

b) The Best among the refuges to be sought – Acharya was refuge to all including great philosophers, Kings (Vishnuvardhana of Hoyasala kingdom ) etc. Lord Krishna himself took refuge in him and in his avatara as Ramanujacharya, he became Acharya of Lord Krishna/Venkateshwara, by providing conch and discus to him in Tirumala temple.

c) The Ultimate Support for all the suffering souls – By providing the Astakshari mantra to all easily and showing the path of prapatti Ramanujacharya became the ultimate support for the suffering souls.

  1. sannyasa-krt

a) He who cuts asunder the bonds when desires are renounced – Ramanujacharya made the path of surrender available to all and there cut the bonds of desires of his suffering souls

b) The Institutor of the samnyasa asrama for the attainment of moksha – As described in Vriddha Padma purana Ramanujacharya was the tridandi sanysasi and provided the royal path for attainment for moksha.

c) He Who shows the path of Saranagati to His devotee – This is self explanatory

  1. Samah

a) He who instructs on how to control anger etc – Ramanujacharya didn’t show any anger and was full of control when Kulothunga chola was prosecuting Vaishnavas.

b) Ramanujacharya instructs that control of mind is the principal dharma for samnyasin.

c) Ramanujacharya put an end to the darkness in His devotees' mind

  1. Suvarna-varnah

    Ramanujacharya is “Golden Coloured” for He is, in the form of Lord’s devotee, he is crystal pure ; Mundaka Upanishad declares: “When the Seer sees Him of Golden- hue.” Upon witnessing the Self-Effulgent (Golden) Being, the seer’s realization is completely transforming, and “then that wise one, shaking off all deeds of merits and demerits, becomes stainless, and attains the supreme State of Equipoise.”

  2. Hemaangah

“One who has limbs of Gold.” Ramanujacharya’s limbs are brilliant and pure

  1. Varaangah

“With beautiful limbs.” Ramanujacharya has beautiful limbs. Also, Vara can take the meaning “lovable,” therefore, Ramanujacharya is described here as “One whose form (limbs) is supremely “lovable” to the devotees.”

All these clearly and lucidly prove that Sri Ramanujacharya is Lord Narayana/Krishna/Vishnu, himself. He is in fact BalaRaamanuja, the younger brother of Balarama, i.e. Lord Krishna/Narayana/Vishnu.

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Ramanujacharya is the avatara of Lakshmana and Balarama .

Lakshmana and Balarama are themselves an avatara of the Sesha Nag on which Vishnu is lying down . The Sesha Nag was incarnated as the brother of Vishnu each time he was born on Earth .

Hence Ramanujacharya is an avatar of AdiSeshan .

There's a Temple near Sri Perambadur , the birth place of Ramanujacharya.

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    You should cite sources. – Keshav Srinivasan Dec 27 '14 at 22:04
  • @harish - I know the popular version and Sriperambadur, i have visited many times...But, if you see any of the poorva srivaishnavaachrayas works before 15 th century, they clearly mention that Ramanujacharya as avatara of Lord Krishna himself...I have provided the details in my answer..please go through them. – user808 Dec 29 '14 at 6:33
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I support those who say Ramanujacharya as avatara of sankarshana (Adishesha).

Avataras are 2 kinds, poorna (complete) avataras and amsha (partly) avataras. Ramnuja, Shankara comes into 2nd category avataras.

There is a proof for this in his biography. When he was answering the questions asked by thousands of pandits simultaneously from behind a veil. One of the pandits gets curious to know how he is able to answer thousands of pandits simultaneously without any difficulty peeks inside the veil and finds a thousand headed snake which is nothing but Adi Shesha himself. :)

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    Welcome to Hinduism.SE! You should cite sources. – Keshav Srinivasan Dec 17 '15 at 1:56
  • @SrikanthaMyakam - I am not asking who believes what...It has to backed by Scriptures as well poorva Acharyas. I already provided a detailed answer on Why Ramanuja is avatara of Lord Krishna himself – user808 Dec 18 '15 at 14:28
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Sri Ramanuja must have been misconstrued as reincarnation of Adisesha or Lakshmana or Balarama.

Ramanuja was named "Ilaiya Azhwar" and was not named "Rama-anuja". "Ilaiya Azhwar" means "Young Azhwar". No where in any texts we have Rama or Krishna being referred to as Azhwar such as "Rama Azhawar" or "Kriahna Azhwar" and hence Ilya Azhwar doesn't mean brother of Rama or Krishna but the one who was destined to propogate the works of original "Azhwars"

Since Sri Sankara Bhagavad Pada originally established "Vaishnavism" & not "Saivism" as misconstrued by his followers as Sri Sankara only lived 34 years and died at a very young age with disciples who were all older than him they have established what is now being followed by the Sankara Matam.

  1. It is well known that When Sri Sankara was establishing his works he had to perform soul migration to be a married man to win over an argument.

  2. He was the one who won many Jain and Buddhists and converted them to the current modern Hinduism.

  3. In order to please the non-believers of Vedas he established the "Advidam" - bringing the focus from VOID & Nirvana of Buddhists and Jains

  4. Sri Sankara brought out the Bhagavad Gita from Mahabharata and created what is now known as "Gito Upanishad" by writing commentary on the teachings of Sri Krishna.

  5. His very first work was "Sri Kanakathara Sthostram" on Lakshmi Thayar.

  6. His most famous work "Moga Mudhra" commonly known as "Bhaja Govindam" establishes the fact that he infact promoted every one to sing the name of Sriman Narayana for Moksha

  7. Sri Sankara and Sri Ramanuja share same birth days seperated by a century & few odd years.

  8. If Sri Ramanuja was an avatar of Sri Adhisesha he would have born on Ayilyam nakshatram and not on Arudhra Which is the star of Siva

  9. Sri Ramanuja was married man (Sri Sankara felt this being deficient in his life)

  10. Sri Ramanuja lived the full $120 years of life expected of any Human being on earth and established what he failed to achieve when he was born as Adhi Sankara

Hence it is very much true that Siva only reincarnated as Sri Ramanuja and established "vaishnavism".

Because Siva was considered Adhi Sankara the Vaishanvites decided not to call Sri Ramanuja the same.

whereas Siva only tells his wife Parvathy the easiest to get the benefit of chanting all 1000 names was to chant "Sri Rama"

Siva only tells Sri Lakshmi Ashtothra Sada Nama to his wife Parvathy.

Sri Anjaneya is believed to be Siva/Rudra's reincarnation and because Ravana was Siva Bhaktha he did "hithobathesam" as Rama Dhootha to protect Ravana.

All conversations between Bhootha Ganas and Lord Siva were all explaining how Sriman Narayana created the Jagat/universe.

Hence it is without doubt that Lard Siva reincarnated as Sri Rmanuja.

Always in many puranas Siva only has come as Guru helpin ggood souls gain Moksha that can only be granted by Sriman Narayana.

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    you should cite sources!! – AADHinduism Jul 11 '16 at 17:21
  • All works that are now referred to as that of Adhi Sankara are not the works of Adhi Snakara the Sri Sanakra Bhagavd padar. e.g. Bhajagovindam only the first 12 verses were composed by Adhi Sankara rest by his disciples. Same logic should apply. – Sriram Gopalakrishnan Jul 12 '16 at 6:42
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    @Sriram Gopalakrishnan - Agree to the extent that Adi Shankara was Vaishnava to the extent that he always worshipped Lord Vishnu as Supreme Saguna Lord. But his philosophy is different from vaishnavism in general. But, saying Shankara came as Ramanuja is bit of an exaggeration as there is no scriptural evidence for it. – user808 Jul 19 '16 at 18:02
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    @Sriram Gopalakrishnan - Lord Siva is considered as amsa of Lord Sankarshana and Swami RaRamanujacharya is avatara of Lord Sankarshana. but that doesn't make Ramanuja an avatara of Lord Siva. Just for Info Adi Shankaracharya never wrote works on any other deity except Lord Vishnu. This is corroborated by Narayana bhattadhri the follower of Adi Shankara in his famous work Naarayaneeyam. Even the unbiased modern day historians accept that none of works on other deities like Siva, Parvati, Ganesha, Skandha, Surya etc were never written by Adi Shankaracharya. – user808 Jul 19 '16 at 18:06
  • with which buddhist and jains he debated and defeated ? any references ? @SriramGopalakrishnan – Rakesh Joshi Feb 22 '17 at 17:45

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