According to Ramayana, Lord Hanuman was a Brahmachari (celibate/bachelor). Why did he decide to spend his life as a celibate? What is the reason behind it?

  • Brahma= universal consciousness Charya= means INTRER MINGLE=UNITED So the meaning of brahmachary is not celibacy, the person who known the Brahma/ universal wisdom.
    – laxman
    Feb 10, 2015 at 9:33
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    Hanuman is the ideal devotee. He did not have to decide. The only thing he had in his heart was Lord Rama. Having Lord Rama only in your heart means you are not capable of base relations. May 25, 2015 at 10:24
  • @SwamiVishwananda, no stain on the greatness of Shri Hanuman, but in theory Hanuman was not a bachelor which is already explained in "mjosh" answer below. Apart from that, in some versions of Ramayana, he also had married Raavana's daughter and had a son from her. Did Shree Hanuman have a child from Raavana's daughter SuvannaMaccha?
    – iammilind
    Sep 18, 2015 at 5:21
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    @iammilind The notion of Hanuman having any wife or children has no basis in Hindu scripture. It's only described in later versions of the Ramayana. Sep 18, 2015 at 17:58
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    @Mr_Green: Valmiki Ramayana ,which is the authentic text on Ramayana, is silent on the marital status of many warriors including Sri Hanuman Oct 19, 2019 at 5:06

7 Answers 7


No, Hanuman was technically not a bachelor (Brahmachari). His wife was Suvarchala¹ who was the daughter of Surya (the Sun god). According to Surya, Suvarchala was an ayonija (born without [the participation] of the yoni).

Because he wanted to learn Nava Vyakarnas (the 9 Grammar Rules), he has to marry, and being an Aajanma Brahmachari (life-long bachelor), Hanuman was not eligible to study it. Surya grants him a boon that he will still be a bachelor even after marriage as a Prajapatya Brahmachari and will maintain his celibacy.

Hanuman's Marriage Picture

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    This suvarchala devi is a divine energy who, by the grace of sun God, is attached to hanuman. She is not an actual woman.2nd,for the purpose of ritual worship, deities must have sakti(symbolized by "wife"),vahana(Carriage),ayudha(weapon)etc.therefore wives are attributed even to brahmachari Gods.For info, his vehicle is depicted as a camel.
    – user1195
    Feb 10, 2015 at 10:48
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    @mjosh could you give a reference in the hindu scriptures about the marriage of Hanuman to Surya's daughter?
    – Wikash_
    Oct 28, 2018 at 12:16
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    its wrong, Hanuman Chalisa, the most authentic and revered hymn of Hanuman explains he is bachelor
    – user16546
    Oct 28, 2018 at 13:49
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    This answer does not have any reference to any of the scriptures - itihasa or purana or some commentary. Can you please give one reference apart from the picture
    – Prakash K
    Jan 14, 2020 at 17:01
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I agree with mjosh, Lord Hanuman is married to Suvarchala Devi. Because He Himself is a god(rudra amsa), who has self realization, decided to live a noble life with no space to world marital pleasures. For Him Rama seva(service) is everything and dedicated His entire life in Rama seva. He is not bramhachari but practices bramhacharya.

Sanathana dharma recommends bramhacharya as it keeps all sensory organs, mind, heart under one's own control. It boosts memory and gives mental & physical stability and strength.

  • please format your answer. This looks like a facebook post with all caps and lower cases mixed. Jun 24, 2014 at 5:04
  • @VineetMenon God names has to be in caps so HE, HIMSELF are in caps. Nouns as you know will be in caps.
    – pbvamsi
    Jun 24, 2014 at 5:11
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    Use He, instead of HE. Jun 24, 2014 at 5:23
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    stick to the answer, remove "Everyone should practice bramhacharya..." part Jul 4, 2014 at 13:57
  • so is Lord Hanuman one of the 33 gods?
    – blue_ego
    Nov 4, 2022 at 22:37

Brahmacharyam means celibacy. I would like to clarify that marrying a woman will not disqualify anyone to become brahmachari (celibate). The man who do not discharge (veerya skalanam) his semen is called brahmachari. Even after the marriage a man can be bhrahmachari without having intercourse with wife. This is a very deep subject and one needs lot of wisdom to understand this concept. A man can be brahmachari even after having intercourse with a woman. There are many perfect brahmacharis in Hindu scriptures, Bhishma and Hanuma are best among them.

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    -1 : how can anyone after having intercourse could be a brahmachari?!!?
    – Yogi
    Feb 10, 2015 at 10:34
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    @creator A Grihasta who practises Grihasta dharma according to rules such as being pure on special days, times etc is also considered a brahmachari
    – user1195
    Feb 10, 2015 at 10:39
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    In some scriptures and also in some sects a perfect-bramhachari is the only considered as holy celebate else he is a grihasta or samsari purusha
    – Yogi
    Feb 10, 2015 at 10:46
  • Bhishma didn't marry. There is no mention of his marriage. Jun 20, 2017 at 2:45

It is right that Lord HANUMAN was married to SUVARCHALA. As sun means rule "niyam" and out of 8 kala only 3 could be given to unmarried so for the rest 5 sun himself suggested this option to HANUMAN. The marriage was just for the name sake and did not resulted in further activities of marriage or dissolution of brahsmashcharya for Lord HANUMAN. Lord sun himself was witness to the marriage and also for the purity and non-involvement of Lord HANUMAN in the normal aspect of marriage. So the marriage was just name sake to maintain the rule of giving the knowledge of 5kala to Lord HANUMAN.

  • Thus this information suffice questions of marriage of Lord HANUMAN and does not claims much or informs about birth, nature and other details of Devi SUVARCHALA.
    – Astrogeek
    May 24, 2015 at 18:59
  • Welcome to Hinduism.SE. Please let us believe whatever you are stating here by means of valid internet sources or sloka or verse numbers from relevant Hindu scriptures. This site is to gather all the valid information. You might be saying true but it is not appealing me to believe you. Hope you will understand and become one of the active users on this site. Thanks :)
    – Mr_Green
    May 25, 2015 at 3:41
  • And also the already accepted answer is covering whatever you have stated here. if you edit your answer adding citation and valid sources, I might accept your answer.
    – Mr_Green
    May 25, 2015 at 3:45

I do not know of any stories regarding the marriage of Hanuman to a daughter of Sun God. There are various stories created by different writers in India regarding the lives of Mythological Characters which have a local circulation.

One need not comment on them. The story of Hanuman marrying Sun God's daughter, is not accepted all over India.

The story of Hanuman remaining unmarried is, however, common knowledge. It is believed that Hanuman lives as a Spirit for Ever to help distressed Souls .Bodies that live for Eternity like the Earth and Nine Planets and Stars in Heaven, are all lonely bodies.

So it is believed in Hindu Philosophy, that all those who live for Eternity, should be Lonely Characters. The existence of Twin Stars, which co-exist by revolving around a common centre, was not known to the Philosophers of the Past.

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    Though you might be right (or wrong), your post seems to me a comment but not answer.
    – Mr_Green
    May 25, 2015 at 3:44

As Hanuman is known to all of us from the Legendary Itihasa "Srimath Ramayana" the holy scripture which was visualised and presented by the great Sage Valmiki. Valmiki Ramayana is the only Ramayana that is authentic for all the references and discussions about any body related to this itihaasa. Rest all Ramayanas which are written by great bhaktas and Scholars are baising on their own vision and experiences that they have with the almighty. but can be considered as their own experiences but not as authentic. One of such work is "Parasara Samhitha" which is written in the very recent times and not ancient. It was said that it is not even written by the great sage Parasara as it has very minute grammar mistakes in it. The so called parasara samhitha has given such explanations about Lord Hanumans marriage and Hanuman having Camel as Vahana which are base less.

As far as Suvarchala is concerned, she is not the daughter of Surya but his wife. It was clearly said in Valmiki Ramayana by Goddess Sita to Rama. At the time Rama is leaving to Vanavasa.. He requests Goddess Sita to stay back at Ayodhya. Then Goddess Sita explains to Lord Rama that " like Sachi devi will not be away from Lord Indra, As like Suvarchala Devi will not be Away from Lod Surya. AS like Arundhati will not be away from Sage Vashishta .. I will not and can not live away from You " "Yatha Suryam Suvarchala " is the part of the Stranza from Valmiki Ramayana - Ayodhya Kanda.

So Hanuman is Brahmachari. Suvarchala is the wife of Surya and not the daughter according to Valmiki Ramayana.

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    Welcome to Hinduism SE! You can add verse numbers in Valmiki Ramayana. For instance in , ""Yatha Suryam Suvarchala " is the part of the Stranza from Valmiki Ramayana - Ayodhya Kanda", you can add verse number or location.
    – The Destroyer
    Apr 11, 2017 at 6:51

In order to understand the marital status of Sri Hanuma, we have to consider the following issues:

  1. Ramayana written by Sage Valmiki is the authentic text on all characters that we find in Ramayana. The Puranas cannot be depended upon, as many of them contain fabricated stories.

  2. Sri Hanuma appears from Kishkinda Kanda of Ramayana. It was not mentioned in the entire Ramayana, whether he was a married or unmarried person.

  3. In Sundara Kanda, while searching for Sita in Ravana's Mansion, he ponders as follows:

न हि मे पर दाराणाम् दृष्टिर् विषय वर्तिनी ||५-११-३८ अयम् च अत्र मया दृष्टः पर दार परिग्रहः |

"My sight is indeed not in the matter of other wives here. These other's wives have been seen by me."

If Sri Hanuma was an unmarried person, then he would have referred to Ravana's wives as "women", instead of other's wives.

  1. Many warriors in Ramayana were not described in details. Even Indrajit, Angada, etc, were not described to be married.

Can we deduce that they are also unmarried?

  1. The popular story from Puranas that Sri Hanuma was married to Suvarchala, the daughter of Sun God does not find place in Ramayana. Further, Suvarchala was mentioned as the wife of the Sun God in Ramayana.

दीनो वा राज्यहीनो वा यो मे भर्ता स मे गुरुः | तं नित्यमनुरक्तास्मि यथा सूर्यं सुवर्चला || ५-२४-९

"Although wretched or without kingdom, whoever is my husband, He alone is my master. Like Suvarchala with the Sun God, I am fond of Him always."

So Sri Hanuman could not have married the wife of Sun God.

The concept of remaining celibate might have started with Jainism and Buddhism, later adopted by Other sects.

Sri Hanuman was the follower of DAKSHINAACHARA, i.e., the VEDIC way life. We have to remember that brahmacharya (remaining celibate) is not order of the day in Vedic era.

Exception cases might be there.

In Rig Veda I.179 (P.100), Lopamudra teaches Sage Agasthya the importance of fulfilling sexual desires.

Lopāmudrā teaches it to her husband who was inclined to asceticism. She says that even those ancients didn't find their end destination who, without their worldly responsibilities, just toiled and spoke the Ṛta.

They had to marry, they had to speak their experience, they had to live their life to find the meaning and to achieve the success.

Lopāmudrā says to her ascetically inclined husband that this way of invoking hardship on her by staying away from her doesn't make Agastya complete. He has to fulfill his life before thinking of achieving success in spiritual journey. Passion is responsible for synthesis and guilt is responsible for deconstruction. One who has understood the way to deconstruct and construct achieve the right plane of existence.

Agastya, on hearing the wise words of his wife, rebuilds the kāma in him and returns to his life, his duties.

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