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I recently was reading on Wikipedia :

Kartikeya is an ancient god, traceable to the Vedic era. Archaeological evidence from 1st-century CE and earlier,[9] where he is found with Hindu god Agni (fire), suggest that he was a significant deity in early Hinduism.[5] He is found in many medieval temples all over India, such as at the Ellora Caves and Elephanta Caves.

I also read about

रुद्रो रुद्रश्च दन्तिश्च नन्दिः षण्मुख एव च । गरुडो ब्रह्मा विष्णुश्च नारसिहंस्तथैव च ।।

rudro rudrascha dantischa nandi sanmukha eva cha | garudo brahma vishnuscha narsimhastathaiva cha || [Yajurveda Taitteriya Aranyaka 10.1.15]

The names of God mentioned are: Rudra, Danti, Nandi, Shanmukha, Garuda, Brahma, Vishnu, Narsimha

Where Shanmukh or six faced, should be a name of Kumara Itself. What and where are the historical origin of the cult of Lord Kartikeya ,other than the Yajurveda mentioned here, especially connected to Lord Shiva's Family?

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    Kaartikeya or skanda has no Vedic origins, if we consider Rig Veda alone as the Veda. In brAhmanAs, we find mention of Subrahmanya, but which is in praise of Indra (Su+brAhmana - Good brAhmana). However, he was mentioned in EPICs. @LuckyPashu Aug 26 '20 at 8:01
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    The Taittiriya Aranyaka portion you quoted shows that Shanmukha (another name of Lord Karthikeya) has Vedic origin. Traditional Hindus (like Adi Shankara etc.) consider Aranyakas as part of Vedas. Even those, who don't consider them Vedas themselves, consider them as Vedic literature. @Lucky So, Vedic origin is established from your quote only.
    – Rickross
    Aug 26 '20 at 9:18
  • @Rickross i see. So would be nice to understand how Lord Kartikeya became part of Lord Shiva’s Family. Aug 26 '20 at 11:00
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In Mahabharata, Shalya parva, Chapter 44. The origins story of Skand (Lord Kartikeya), is described as follows:

In days of yore the vital seed of Maheshvara coming out, fell into a blazing fire. The consumer of everything, the adorable Agni, could not burn that indestructible seed. On the other hand, the bearer of sacrificial libations, in consequence of that seed, became possessed of great energy and splendour. He could not bear within himself that, seed of mighty energy. At the command of Brahman, the lord Agni, approaching (the river) Ganga, threw into her that divine seed possessed of the effulgence of the Sun. Ganga also, unable to hold it, cast it on the beautiful breast of Himavat that is worshipped by the celestials. Thereupon Agni's son began to grow there, overwhelming all the worlds by his energy. Meanwhile (the six) Krittikas beheld that child of fiery splendour. Seeing that puissant lord, that high-souled son of Agni, lying on a clump of heath, all the six Krittikas, who were desirous of a son, cried aloud, saying, "This child is mine, this child is mine!" Understanding the state of mind of those six mothers, the adorable lord Skanda sucked the breasts of all having assumed six mouths.

Refer here to read the whole chapter.

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There are a lot of ambiguity in regards to the origins of Lord Kartikeya or Lord Muruga. Apart from the Sanskrit literature you quoted, the Chandogya Upanishad 7.26.2 has a reference to Sanatkumara whom is regarded as Lord Kartikeya in this context.

tadeṣa śloko na paśyo mṛtyuṃ paśyati na rogaṃ nota duḥkhatāṃ sarvaṃ ha paśyaḥ paśyati sarvamāpnoti sarvaśa iti sa ekadhā bhavati tridhā bhavati pañcadhā saptadhā navadhā caiva punaścaikādaśaḥ smṛtaḥ śataṃ ca daśa caikaśca sahasrāṇi ca viṃśatirāhāraśuddhau sattvaśuddhau dhruvā smṛtiḥ smṛtilambhe sarvagranthīnāṃ vipramokṣastasmai mṛditakaṣāyāya tamasaspāraṃ darśayati bhagavānsanatkumārastaṃ skanda ityācakṣate taṃ skanda ityācakṣate -- Chandogya Upanishad || 7.26.2 ||

It seems there are lots of reference in Tamil literature. However, as per the definition of Hinduism in this post - Who is considered Hindu?, we may not be able to accept those literature. Then again there are no standard benchmark on which literature should be within the accepted references for Hindus.

There is an academic work provided here as well for more information: http://eprints.um.edu.my/14467/1/0001.pdf

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