As per Advaita philosophy, the ultimate goal of an Atma is to merge into its source, the Parmatma just like drops of water merge into the ocean but my question is how and why do Atma and Parmatma split in the first place?

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    It's all Parmatma will. It's his svabhava to manifest from one form to many. Read this answer: hinduism.stackexchange.com/a/26072/647
    – TheLittleNaruto
    Commented Sep 3, 2020 at 7:22
  • The answer given is totally unsatisfactory FRIENDS like this one thing wanted to be known supreme that is why it split first this nirguna nirajajara why does it have the desire in first place I'm already second to none why I want myself to be known like that @TheLittleNaruto
    – Prasanna R
    Commented Sep 3, 2020 at 9:51
  • This is lightning bolt question
    – Prasanna R
    Commented Sep 3, 2020 at 9:52
  • @Prasanna That "why" is already covered in the answer. Read the shloka and translation at the bottom of the answer.
    – TheLittleNaruto
    Commented Sep 3, 2020 at 11:50
  • @Prasanna Let's take a simple example, one person is richest person, will he keep money saved in bank or he will think of a way to invest in some business to make more. Of course he will invest to make more. Same way Parmatma from his freedom of will and action which is infinite, manifest into multiple to experience his own power and to see how powerful he is. That's what is explained in the answer.
    – TheLittleNaruto
    Commented Sep 3, 2020 at 11:54

1 Answer 1


Did they even split? The split is only an illusion. A must read is the story of two birds in kathopanishad. Therewere no two birds! That was an illusion or dream or whatever..... Advaita vedanta doesnt say you must merge into god! It says you are god! You dont have to reach to a destination. You were always there!!! So there is no split and it is only maya or adhyasa that makes us feel that there is a split.

  • Why maya? is an illeagal question😅. Because of maya only there is this "why" or causation! You cant ask why to creator of causation. Commented Sep 4, 2020 at 7:42
  • So, what is the goal of life if not to merge with God and break the cycle of rebirths?
    – Sanatani
    Commented Sep 4, 2020 at 10:49

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