In Mahabharata and Ramayana, we can find wide variety of traditions, rituals. Each one was encouraged. We can see the shaktism, Shaivism, Vaishnavism, Saura etc.,

So, we can say that there are multiple ways in Hinduism before Kali yuga.

My doubt is that how did all the branches got reconciliation during Dwapara and Tretha yugas and people lived without any discrepancies between branches? Which inherent quality of Sanathana dharma did it? Is it Vedantha satra or any other central agency like king?

  • I suggest that a Wikipedia article on Hinduism written by a non- Hindu Westerner is not a valid source on Hinduism. You are further confusing the modern popular usage of the word Hindu with the philosophical and religious traditions of Vedanta. You might like reading consciouslivingfoundation.org/ebooks/13/… and archive.org/details/IndianPhilosophyACriticalSurvey Commented Oct 7, 2020 at 13:43
  • @SwamiVishwananda Question remains same even if i remove the quote.
    – hanugm
    Commented Oct 7, 2020 at 16:55
  • My opinion is shavism,vaishnavism etc., did not exist under the vaidika matham . Meaning either only one of them or none of them are true as per veda/vedanta. Now in kali yuga we have all these sects or some other sects sprung within vaidika matham deluding us. If I'm correct pashupata matham did exist even in previous yugas. So there exist some vedanta independent school of thought in previous yugas too.Also other thing is only puranas have such sectarian attitude but now we have vaishnava upanishads,saiva upanishads etc., deluding us!! So I don't think vedanta in general reconciled them.
    – Satya
    Commented Oct 7, 2020 at 17:39
  • My opinion is shavism,vaishnavism etc., did not exist under the vaidika matham. Is it an opinion from scriptures or otherwise? @Satya
    – hanugm
    Commented Oct 7, 2020 at 17:49
  • They certainly exist under sanatana dharma. But as far as vaidika matham is considered I don't think all sects can be under vaidika matham. Only one or none can be true. All deities are equally glorified in veda samhitas. But the presence of classification of upanishads in muktika itself shows vedanta did not reconcile them.
    – Satya
    Commented Oct 7, 2020 at 18:33

1 Answer 1


Who says that the branches got reconciled and people lived without any discrepancies between branches? Actually they never got reconciled and Hindu people have always lived with discrepancies between branches just like they live today with various branches Shaiva, Shakta, Vaishnava, Saura, etc.

The purpose of Vedanta is not necessary to reconcile those ways or branches but to teach us what of all those teachings is the ultimate and correct and which is not, so that we do not stay to be an ignorant in this world as to what is the ultimate purpose of all Vedic knowledge. As Lord Krishna says in the Bhagavad-gita 15.15, a scripture which is said to be one of the pillars the Vedanta is based upon, namely prasthana trayi:

vedaiś ca sarvair aham eva vedyo vedānta-kṛd veda-vid eva cāham

By all the Vedas, I am to be known. Indeed, I am the compiler of Vedānta, and I am the knower of the Vedas.

That's the purpose of the Vedanta, to direct us to the conclusion, to the final aim, and not necessary to reconcile branches. For that reason we have Vedanta. Teaching of Vedanta is crucial to enable us to properly understand and properly interpret Vedic texts and the teachings contained in them. Every Hindu who is serious about adhering to Hindu teaching should properly learn at least the basics of Vedanta teaching. Without learning Vedanta one will most likely remain to be just one ignorant Hindu in this world, one who has missed the wisdom, without been able to understand the aim and substance of the Vedic texts.

  • Please provide reference for your first paragraph.
    – hanugm
    Commented Oct 13, 2020 at 13:53
  • @hanugm I don't have it. But I think you don't need it for it is obvious from the scriptures themselves, as you yourself mentioned, namely Itihasas, Puranas, etc, that they have various ways Shaiva, Shakta, Vaishnava, Saura, etc. All of them would not have existed in case only one of them should have existed. I think from that fact we can conclude that it was not originally intended for them to be reconciled, but original intention of Vedic authorities, gods and sages who composed all those scriptures with all those varieties of branches was to give to the people all those various branches. Commented Oct 13, 2020 at 14:20
  • But if you see Ramayana and other scriptures, they do mention that there are no problems between citizens in kingdoms and all are in peace...
    – hanugm
    Commented Oct 13, 2020 at 14:28
  • @hanugm Well, that is exactly the purpose of Hindu dharma, everyone to go their own way, ... in peace. Commented Oct 13, 2020 at 20:48

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