I recently found out from here that the father of Menā, Vṛṣaṇaśva is not just mentioned in the Brahmanas, but in the Rig-Veda itself. What is a good translation of this verse on the mysterious ancestor of the Parvata?

See here: https://www.wisdomlib.org/definition/vrishanashva

While the verse of Vṛṣaṇaśva has been found. I wonder what the rest of the hymn says. What especially confuses me is why it says "to him," at the end, when Menā is supposed to be female.


1 Answer 1


king Vṛṣaṇaśva is mentioned in Rig-Veda mandala 1- Sukta 51-Mantra 13.Indra once took birth as a daughter of Vṛṣaṇaśva and her name was Mena. As you requested , below are the three translations of the mantra where the king Vṛṣaṇaśva is mentioned in Rig-Veda.

Translation By H.H.Wilson

अददा अर्भां महते वचस्यवे कक्षीवते वृचयामिन्द्र सुन्वते |
मेनाभवो वृषणश्वस्य सुक्रतो विश्वेत्ता ते सवनेषु प्रवाच्या ||13 ||

adadā arbhāṃ mahate vacasyave kakṣīvate vṛcayāmindra sunvate | menābhavo vṛṣaṇaśvasya sukrato viśvet tā te savaneṣu pravācyā ||

Thou hast given Indra , the youthful Vrichayato the aged kakshivat praising thee,and offering libations. Thou Sukrutu ,wast Mena , the daughter of Vrishanashwa. All these thy deeds are to be recited by thy worship.

Here is translation of Ralph Griffith

13 To old Kakṣīvān, Soma-presser, skilled in song, O Indra, thou didst give the youthful Vṛcayā. Thou, very wise, wast Menā, Vrsanśva's child: those deeds of thine must all be told at Soma feasts.

And here is Hindi translation by Shree Ram Sharma Acharya of AWGP

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  • Pushkar, what part of the original Sansrit verse maps to "hai uttam karm Indradev" in the Hindi translation?
    – iruvar
    Oct 10, 2020 at 8:14
  • @iruvar - I think it's the word "Sukrato". Oct 10, 2020 at 8:19
  • Pushkar, Upvoted for sourcing effort. Downvoted for not running diligence on translations prior to answering.
    – iruvar
    Oct 10, 2020 at 8:34
  • 1
    @iruvar - The question asks about where in Rig-Veda? and i have provided the answer. Also the OP is looking for good translations not the commentary. Hence the answer. Oct 10, 2020 at 8:54

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