Any purification process (Samskara) is there for the shudras? Does any smriti tell about purification process for a shudra person?

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    Purification process for what purpose? Can you provide some more clarification in the post ,so that it will be easy for the users to write exact answer? Oct 31, 2020 at 9:32
  • any sect or religion have diksha.. so can take diksha from a guru whomever you revere.. that is the foremost samskara and do the japa mantra daily. you know konae mantra was given kannakadasa by vyasa thirtha he did japa of that reverential and got aproxa gnana or enligtened its all your belief and faith that make you to the goal of enlightement once enlightened caste is not issue.. then there only 2 types only. one who are enlightened and non enlightened
    – Prasanna R
    Oct 31, 2020 at 11:15
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    – Adiyarkku
    Dec 12, 2020 at 9:23
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1 Answer 1


Smritis don't mention any Samskaras for Sudras using Vedic Mantras but leave them free to acquire knowledge from all sources than Vedas.

A Sudra cannot commit an offence, causing loss of caste and he is not worthy to receive the sacraments; he has no right to (fulfil) the sacred law (of the Aryans, yet) there is no prohibition against (his fulfilling certain portions of) the law. Sudras who are desirous to gain merit, and know their duty, commit no sin, but gain praise, if they imitate the practice of virtuous men without reciting sacred texts. The more a Sudra, keeping himself free from envy, imitates the behaviour of the virtuous, the more he gains, without being censured, exaltation in this world and the next.(Manu 10.126-128)

But he is allowed to do Pancha-Maha Yajnas,Shardhas and worship Devatas without using Vedic Mantras.

Offering obeisances to the higher sections of society, being always very clean, being free from duplicity, serving one’s master, performing sacrifices without uttering mantras, not stealing, always speaking the truth and giving all protection to the cows and brahmanas— these are the symptoms of the Sudra.(Srimad Bhagavatam 7.11.24)

Service without duplicity to the brāhmaṇas, cows, Devatas and other worshipable personalities, and complete satisfaction with whatever income is obtained in such service, are the natural qualities of śūdras.(Srimad Bhagavatam 11.17.19)

If permission has been given to him, the Sudra may use the syllable namah as his mantra. Some people declare that he may himself offer the Pakayajnas.(Gautama 10.64-65)

Devoted to his wife, pure, supporting his dependants, devoted to the performance of sraddha, he should not omit to perform the fire sacrifices with the syllable namaḥ as his mantra.’(Yajnavalkya 1.121)

Laghuvisnu (1.15) contains the dictum that the Sudra is devoid of any samskara. The Mit. on Yāj. III.262 explains the words of Manu IV.80 about vratas in the case of Sudras as applicable only to those śūdras who are not in attendance upon members of the three higher castes and establishes that śūdras can perform vratas (but without homa and muttering of mantras). Aparārka on the same verse (Manu IV.80) explains that the śūdra cannot perform vratas in person, but only through the medium of a brāhmana. The Śūdra-kāmalakara (p.38) holds that śūdras are entitled to perform vratas, fasts, mahādānas and prayaścittas, but without homa and japa. Manu X.127 allows religious śūdras to perform all religious acts which dvijātis perform, provided they do not use Vedic mantras. On the other hand Sankha (as quoted by Viśvarupa on Yāj. I.13) opines that samskaras may be performed for śūdras but without Vedic mantras. Veda-Vyasa (I.17) prescribes that ten saṃskāras (viz. garbhadhāna, pumsavana, sīmantonnayana, jātakarma, nāmakarana, niskramana, anna-prāśana, caula, karnavedha and vivāha) can be performed in the case of śūdras, but without Vedic mantras. Haradatta (on Gautama X.51) quotes a gṛhyakāra to the effect that even in the case of the śūdra the rites of niseka, pumsavana, sīmantonnayana, jatakarma, namakarana, annaprasana and caula are allowed but without Vedic mantras. When Manu prescribes (II.32) that the śūdra should be given a name connected with service, he indicates that the śūdra could perform the ceremony of namakarana. So when Manu (IV.80) states that he deserves no saṃskāra, what he means is that no saṃskāra with Vedic mantras was to be performed in his case.

But Sudras are eligible to take Diksha from other sources like Agamas/Puranas and achive same end result. All such devotees are as respected as Bramhanas.

I envy no one, nor am I partial to anyone. I am equal to all. But whoever renders service unto Me in devotion is a friend, is in Me, and I am also a friend to him.(Gita 9.29)

O son of Pṛthā, those who take shelter in Me, though they be of lower birth, women, vaiśyas and śūdras can attain the supreme destination.(Gita 9.32)

This is the procedure for the ‘dīkṣa’ and its attending ceremonies meant for the Śūdras. This is conducive to the deliverance from the worldly existence for all the four castes.(Varāha Purāṇa 127.32)

They remain severally in their own Varna,Asrama and Acara,but are all impressed (without caste distinction) with the Cakra and Sankha which are sacraments of Vaishnava initiation.(Ishwara Samhita 7.179)

Yogis are born among all castes; and no caste-odium shall hold in their cases, for they have seen their souls.(Bharadvaja-Samhita 1.44)

One who is a devotee of Supreme Personality of Godhead can never be called a Sudra, rather he is glorified as a Bhagavata or one who is connected with Bhagavan. If one is not a devotee of Lord Krsna,however,even if born of a Brahmana, Ksatriya or Vaisya family, he should be considered a Sudra. (Hari Bhakta Vilasa 10.165)

Trying to prove and recognize a Vaishnava devotee through his caste,form,place,home, profession etc is considered as the greatest of the sins. (Prajapathya Smriti)

If a devotee of Vishnu, even though he be a Chandala, is recollected, named, seen or touched accidentally by anybody, O dear madam, the former purifies them. (Varaha Purana 211.9)

It is through deep love that the Chandala makes me his own, while without it the Brahmin is nothing to me. (Garuda Purana 1.231.9)

A Bramhana who is expert in studying all four Vedas is not dear to Me. But a devotee who comes from a family of Chandalas is dear to Me. He should be offered gifts and one should accept gifts from him. He is as worshipable as I am. (Hari-Bhakta-Vilasa 10.127)

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    What an answer!👌. But do you have any idea why Shudras are not allowed upanayanam (since they are not allowed upanayanam they can’t chant Vedic mantras. Even if the other 3 don’t have upanayanam they aren’t really allowed Vedic mantras, they need puranic mantras). So the basic is why are they not allowed upanayanam?
    – Adiyarkku
    Dec 12, 2020 at 8:02
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    Thankyou @Archit Ji. My understanding is that Sudras are majority 85% of society and they were Engineers, Metal Works, Potters, Carpenters, Artisans, Craftsmen, Tradesmen, Peasants, Weavers, Cart-builders and other Service Professions . If they stopped all works to build society and study Vedas how will society run? Study of each Veda takes 12 years with lots of restrictions on food, wealth etc. Its tiresome and time consuming and if majority society follows it then building of society shall stop Dec 12, 2020 at 8:05
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    @Archit - because upanayana and subsequent rituals require a high level of restrictions and ritual purity, which would be an insane burden to place upon Shudras given the nature of their work and passions. That is correct Sethu - In every company, the workers of the lowest rung form the majority, there are only few Executive Leaders (CEO, CFO, CTO etc.). similarly, majority of any society are shudras, a lesser number are vaishyas, even lesser number kshatriyas, and fewest brahmanas.
    – mar
    Dec 12, 2020 at 8:08
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    @Archit - blood is dirty during normal circumstances. blood in war is not dirty. Just like killing is bad during normal circumstances, but killing in war is not. if that were the case, they would have to stop the war and do anthyeshti each time a soldier died - but they kept fighting nonstop.
    – mar
    Dec 12, 2020 at 9:24
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    Good answer! Just to add to the information about the right of Shudras to perform Pakayajnas, in the Brahmana texts, performing certain yajnas was actually mandatory for certain classes of Shudras. For example, Rathakaras were mandated to initiate their Agnihotra in the rainy season, etc. Since in general the Smriti texts are later than the Vedic period, we see a gradual change in them to exclude Shudras from rituals.
    – RamAbloh
    Dec 12, 2020 at 15:49

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