What is the difference between Samvada sooktha and Aikyamathya sooktha?
'Samvāda' (संवादः) means conversation. In the Rig Veda samhitā, there are around 4 or 5 famous long conversations. Examples are:
- Yama and Yami (RV 10.10) starting with "ओ चित्सखायं सख्या ववृत्यां"
- Urvashi and Pururavā (RV 10.95) starting with "हये जाये मनसा तिष्ठ घोरे"
- Devas and Agni (RV 10.51) starting with "महत्तदुल्बं स्थविरं तदासीत्"
- Saramā (the female dog of the Devas) and Paṇis (RV 10.108) starting with "किमिच्छन्ती सरमा प्रेदमानट्"
'Aikamatya' (ऐकमत्य) means 'unity of thought'. In Rig Veda, typically the last suktam RV 10.191 is called the 'Sāmmanasya' (सांमनस्य) suktam, because it talks about having a consensus and unity in thought, intention, word and action.
It begins with "सं समिद्युवसे वृषन्नग्ने". The central mantras for unity are the second onwards:
सं गच्छध्वं सं वदध्वं सं वो मनांसि जानताम् । देवा भागं यथा पूर्वे संजानाना उपासते ॥
Move in unity, speak in unity, fully know each other's minds (i.e. be of one mind). Just as the Devas in ancient times being of one mind, obtained their share of the yajna.