Srila Prabhupada wrote that the Supreme Lord, souls, prakriti and time are eternal in the Bhagavad Gita introduction. So, I need the shlokas which tell that "time is eternal", "pradhana or prakriti is eternal" and "maya is eternal". I need these shlokas to explain the universal phenomenon as a physics discussion. Kindly give shlokas from Upanishads which are more like an impersonal explanation or from the third person's view.


In the Avatarnika tika to the Govinda Bhashya(Brahma Sutra Bhashya) of Srila Baladev Vidyabhushan, a Bhalvaveya Shruti is quoted regarding this context :--

भाल्ववेयश्रुति:– 'अथ ह वाव नित्यानि पुरुषः प्रकृतिरात्मा काल इति। अथ यान्यनित्यानि प्राणः श्रद्धाभूतानि भौतिकानि इति। यानि ह वा उत्पत्तिमन्ति तान्यनित्यानि। यानि ह वा अनुत्पत्तिमन्ति तानि नित्यानि। न ह्येतानि कदा नोत्पद्यन्ते नो विलीयन्ते पुरुषः प्रकृतिरात्मा काल इत्येषा।' श्रुतिः।

𝐁𝐡𝐚𝐥𝐯𝐚𝐯𝐞𝐲𝐚 𝐒𝐡𝐫𝐮𝐭𝐢:- "𝐍𝐨𝐰 𝐭𝐡𝐨𝐬𝐞 𝐰𝐡𝐨 𝐚𝐫𝐞 𝐤𝐧𝐨𝐰𝐧 𝐭𝐨 𝐛𝐞 '𝐄𝐭𝐞𝐫𝐧𝐚𝐥𝐬', 𝐰𝐢𝐥𝐥 𝐛𝐞 𝐭𝐨𝐥𝐝 𝐚𝐬 𝐟𝐨𝐥𝐥𝐨𝐰𝐬, 𝐈𝐬𝐡𝐰𝐚𝐫𝐚, 𝐏𝐫𝐚𝐤𝐫𝐢𝐭𝐢, 𝐉𝐢𝐯𝐚𝐭𝐦𝐚, 𝐚𝐧𝐝 𝐊𝐚𝐥𝐚, 𝐭𝐡𝐞𝐬𝐞 𝐟𝐨𝐮𝐫 𝐚𝐫𝐞 𝐤𝐧𝐨𝐰𝐧 𝐚𝐬 𝐄𝐭𝐞𝐫𝐧𝐚𝐥𝐬. 𝐓𝐡𝐨𝐬𝐞 𝐰𝐡𝐢𝐜𝐡 𝐚𝐫𝐞 𝐧𝐨𝐧 𝐞𝐭𝐞𝐫𝐧𝐚𝐥𝐬 𝐚𝐫𝐞 𝐛𝐞𝐢𝐧𝐠 𝐬𝐚𝐢𝐝 𝐚𝐬 𝐟𝐨𝐥𝐥𝐨𝐰𝐬, 𝟏𝟎 𝐭𝐲𝐩𝐞𝐬 𝐨𝐟 𝐥𝐢𝐟𝐞 𝐚𝐢𝐫, 𝐟𝐚𝐢𝐭𝐡, 𝐭𝐡𝐞 𝐟𝐢𝐯𝐞 𝐞𝐥𝐞𝐦𝐞𝐧𝐭𝐬, 𝐰𝐚𝐭𝐞𝐫, 𝐟𝐢𝐫𝐞, 𝐚𝐢𝐫, 𝐞𝐭𝐡𝐞𝐫, 𝐞𝐚𝐫𝐭𝐡, 𝐭𝐡𝐞 𝐩𝐫𝐨𝐝𝐮𝐜𝐭 𝐨𝐟 𝐭𝐡𝐞𝐬𝐞 𝐟𝐢𝐯𝐞 𝐞𝐥𝐞𝐦𝐞𝐧𝐭𝐬 𝐥𝐢𝐤𝐞 𝐭𝐡𝐞 𝐛𝐨𝐝𝐲, 𝐭𝐡𝐞 𝐟𝐢𝐯𝐞 𝐬𝐞𝐧𝐬𝐞𝐬, 𝐚𝐥𝐬𝐨 𝐭𝐡𝐞 𝐩𝐫𝐨𝐝𝐮𝐜𝐭𝐬 𝐨𝐟 𝐭𝐡𝐞 𝐜𝐨𝐦𝐛𝐢𝐧𝐚𝐭𝐢𝐨𝐧𝐬 𝐨𝐟 𝐭𝐰𝐨 𝐚𝐭𝐨𝐦𝐬(𝐝𝐯𝐚𝐧𝐮) 𝐨𝐧𝐰𝐚𝐫𝐝𝐬 𝐚𝐫𝐞 𝐚𝐥𝐥 𝐧𝐨𝐧 𝐞𝐭𝐞𝐫𝐧𝐚𝐥𝐬. 𝐓𝐡𝐮𝐬 𝐭𝐡𝐨𝐬𝐞 𝐰𝐡𝐢𝐜𝐡 𝐚𝐫𝐞 𝐧𝐨𝐭 𝐚 𝐩𝐫𝐨𝐝𝐮𝐜𝐭 𝐨𝐫 𝐜𝐫𝐞𝐚𝐭𝐞𝐝 𝐚𝐫𝐞 𝐜𝐚𝐥𝐥𝐞𝐝 𝐞𝐭𝐞𝐫𝐧𝐚𝐥𝐬 𝐈𝐬𝐡𝐰𝐚𝐫𝐚 𝐞𝐭𝐜 𝐚𝐫𝐞 𝐧𝐞𝐯𝐞𝐫 𝐜𝐫𝐞𝐚𝐭𝐞𝐝 𝐭𝐡𝐮𝐬 𝐭𝐡𝐞𝐲 𝐧𝐞𝐯𝐞𝐫 𝐮𝐧𝐝𝐞𝐫𝐠𝐨 𝐝𝐞𝐬𝐭𝐫𝐮𝐜𝐭𝐢𝐨𝐧, 𝐭𝐡𝐞 𝐟𝐨𝐮𝐫 𝐭𝐚𝐭𝐭𝐯𝐚𝐬 𝐚𝐫𝐞 𝐈𝐬𝐡𝐰𝐚𝐫𝐚, 𝐏𝐫𝐚𝐤𝐫𝐢𝐭𝐢, 𝐉𝐢𝐯𝐚 𝐚𝐧𝐝 𝐊𝐚𝐥𝐚."

Also its said in Srimad Bhagavatam 2.10.12

dravyaṁ karma ca kālaś ca svabhāvo jīva eva ca yad-anugrahataḥ santi na santi yad-upekṣayā

"𝐎𝐧𝐞 𝐬𝐡𝐨𝐮𝐥𝐝 𝐝𝐞𝐟𝐢𝐧𝐢𝐭𝐞𝐥𝐲 𝐤𝐧𝐨𝐰 𝐭𝐡𝐚𝐭 𝐚𝐥𝐥 𝐦𝐚𝐭𝐞𝐫𝐢𝐚𝐥 𝐢𝐧𝐠𝐫𝐞𝐝𝐢𝐞𝐧𝐭𝐬, 𝐚𝐜𝐭𝐢𝐯𝐢𝐭𝐢𝐞𝐬, 𝐭𝐢𝐦𝐞 𝐚𝐧𝐝 𝐦𝐨𝐝𝐞𝐬, 𝐚𝐧𝐝 𝐭𝐡𝐞 𝐥𝐢𝐯𝐢𝐧𝐠 𝐞𝐧𝐭𝐢𝐭𝐢𝐞𝐬 𝐰𝐡𝐨 𝐚𝐫𝐞 𝐦𝐞𝐚𝐧𝐭 𝐭𝐨 𝐞𝐧𝐣𝐨𝐲 𝐭𝐡𝐞𝐦 𝐚𝐥𝐥, 𝐞𝐱𝐢𝐬𝐭 𝐛𝐲 𝐇𝐢𝐬 𝐦𝐞𝐫𝐜𝐲 𝐨𝐧𝐥𝐲, 𝐚𝐧𝐝 𝐚𝐬 𝐬𝐨𝐨𝐧 𝐚𝐬 𝐇𝐞 𝐝𝐨𝐞𝐬 𝐧𝐨𝐭 𝐜𝐚𝐫𝐞 𝐟𝐨𝐫 𝐭𝐡𝐞𝐦, 𝐞𝐯𝐞𝐫𝐲𝐭𝐡𝐢𝐧𝐠 𝐛𝐞𝐜𝐨𝐦𝐞𝐬 𝐧𝐨𝐧𝐞𝐱𝐢𝐬𝐭𝐞𝐧𝐭." enter image description here

  • Dear Krsna prabhu, thank you so much(^o^) The above teaching is great. It help me a lot. – Radhikadasi Nov 25 '20 at 6:48

Apparently Oppenheimer quoted the following sloka from the Bhagavad Gita at the first nuclear bomb test:

I am become death, the destroyer of worlds.

Recently, meaning in the last decade, I've discovered that Oppenheimer mistranslated 'time' as 'death', and it should be:

I am become time, the destroyer of worlds.

This to me makes much more sense. Of course this is the first person but it's quite possible that Oppenheimer also mistranslated the person of the sentence.

The following sloka mentions time with the third person with the proviso noted above:

Truly, in this world nothing exists as purifying as knowledge; he who has attained perfection in yoga, in time finds this knowledge within his own self.


Actually, checking a Sanskrit grammar, it turns out that Sanskrit does not have a true third person but its demonstratives play this role when linked with a subjunctive. Hence it's likely, especially given the nature of Brahman and Oppenhiemers earlier error, that he mistranslated this.

@radhikadasi: see edit above. In brief, Sanskrit does not have a true third person.

  • Dear Mozibur Ullah,thank you for giving me nice explanation, but I'm looking for the silokas which not Krsna or the Supreme Lord directly says. I need objective statements to explain the eternity of time, maya and pradhana. But thanks anyway. – Radhikadasi Nov 24 '20 at 9:41
  • Can you add the verse number so that one can check Sanskrit Shloka. – Pandya Dec 7 '20 at 16:07
  • @Pandya: The quote from Oppenheimer is famous. – Mozibur Ullah Dec 7 '20 at 17:40
  • @MoziburUllah I never heard about him ans I assume many visitors also have not...I think Verse location from Bhagavadgita should be posted to verify or refer. – Pandya Dec 24 '20 at 15:34

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