In the process of completing the contract for developing a software for a renowned astrologer, I came across a book of practical astrology by Samael Aun Weor.
It seems this South American wasn’t astrologer by any stretch but a spiritualist having written over 60 books including some medicine, occult, future predictions about China-Australia love(pun intended) and friendly relations of USA and Russia. His Pistochia Bible interpretation has ZERO compliance with today’s understanding of Bible. In some forums on Reddit, he doesn’t seem to be well appreciated either. However I haven’t found him in violation with spiritual principles of the East. Like caring for life and full respect for all that nature creates to live in harmony. Okay so that was author’s quick introduction of Samael Aun Weor which intrigued me.
As evident planet rulers for week days have serious mismatch with what order of week days that eastern or western astrology in last 1500 or 2000 years has taught us. Per Samael, order of week days we follow as derived from hourly method is quite erroneous.
Ancient sages consider the whole day as a perfect circle which is cross sectioned in 4 different segments. Each segment (1/4th of each day) was governed by 4 out of 7 planets. Following is the planetary representation in case you don’t understand symbols: This will allow us to divide the whole day in two parts day / night and let us know that which planet is dominant at which time in the space. Take Earth as a reference and calculate the astronomical distance of each planet consider that our solar system in irregularly round, the exact order of distance from the earth would be as follows:
MOON – 38,4400 KM
MERCURY-107.73 MILLION KM
VENUS-177.93 MILLION KM
SUN – 149.04 MILLION KM
MARS-64.797 MILLION KM
JUPITER – 766.8 MILLION KM
SATURN – 1.433 BILLION KM
Now, the planet considered first in the order are called as Endo-planets (Earth to Sun) and Mars to Saturn are Exoplanets as it is away from the sun then the Earth. Moreover, Sun, Mercury, moon and Venus as seen in astrological charts forming often combination (Yuti) in the same house and exoplanets use to form aspects in relation with sun frequently. This understanding reveals that Endo-planets has a natural ability to cast a shadow on the earth as they are in-between Sun and the Earth, whereas exoplanets like Mars, Jupiter and Saturn has an ability natural ability to protect earth from galaxy debris.
As per Practical Astrology by Samael Aun Weor following is the correct order or weekdays:
Order of Week days (Practical Astrology) => Planet represented Monday => Moon Wednesday => Mercury Friday => Venus Sunday => Sun Tuesday => Mars Thursday => Jupiter Saturday => Saturn
After knowing this I am researching for the original order of Weekdays (Vāsara/Vaar) as per Vedic/Hindu calendar. But unable to find any reliable source.
Most of the source that I am stating here from the Internet are as follows but could not find any ancient literature source to support the above hypothesis.
As per Wikipedia (which may be biased) the concept of weekdays was introduced by Christian Catholic and that is borrowed by Hindus and this was the (Lunar) calendar that was being used from Vikramaditya era around 57 BCE. Is this true? If not, then what is the original weekdays order as per Hindu traditions? If anyone can point me to any reliable literature (hopefully not affected by visiting missionaries) regarding this that could be a great help.
One theory is that Weekday names and order was introduced by Varāhamihir (who was in Vikramaditya’s era and a member of his court) in India and possibly he agreed to put in Indian literature based on trusting research from visiting Christian Catholic missionaries.. I deduce this based on information from Wikipedia about active period of varahmihir and aryhabhatt and arrival period of Christian catholics in India. This could be done in innocence by Varahmihir or Aryabhatt as India was more attuned to following 15 or 30 Moon days calendar. And this change would have had least impact. Only in last 200-300 years we are extensively using weekdays in daily lives (including fasting etc).
Again, I don’t know if this is correct or not. All help regarding this is greatly appreciated.
I quote from Wikipedia regarding seven days week under Hindu Astrology:
It was only after the transmission of Hellenistic astrology that theorder of planets in India was fixed in that of the seven-day week.
The Romaka Siddhanta ("Doctrine of the Romans") and the Paulisa Siddhanta were two works of Western origin which influenced Varahamihira's thought.
But I feel Varāhamihir is influenced by Vedāṅga Jyotiṣa, or Jyotiṣavedāṅga (which is said to have come into existence in 700-600 BCE as per Wiki) and the said Romaka Siddhanta ("Doctrine of the Romans") is based on Vedāṅga Jyotiṣa, or Jyotiṣavedāṅga. I may be wrong here, but this is my feeling. And if I am wrong please correct me.
If we look further in past there is Maharshi Bhrigu (who is believed to be a Saptarishi) who is said to have compiled Bhrigu Samhita which again is said to be first ever Astrological compilations in probably Dvapara Yug, that is before Kali Yug. But at that time was there any concept of week? If Yes, then what was the order of weekdays names?
Currently the theory propounded regarding the sequence/order of weekdays is that by arranging the 7 astrological planets in the order of their speed of revolution, relative to earth gives us the sequence/order of weekdays.
Some URLs for reference: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Week