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What Advaita tells about

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Excellent question. The two are separate matters. Advaitha Vedanta is a philosophy of mind and spirit, based on Upanishads, Bhagavad Gita and Brahma-sutras. It discusses the three realities; Brahman, Jiva and Jagat and prescribes a methodology for achieving the highest goal - moksha. The Varnashrama Dharma is an economic theory not a philosophy. It is a complex system for social management in the age of a balanced economy. The system in its pure form aims at the optimization of the three goals of human life - the tripod of material happiness; Dharma - occupation and value system for the society and individual, artha - production and expenditure of wealth, and kama - enjoyment, recreation, procreation etc. These two aspects of life are known as trivarga - the three material goals of the householder and apavarga - ultimate liberation from samsara - the goal of the renunciates. So one can indeed study and practice Vedanta without any reference whatsoever to the caste system. One can also practice the caste system without any reference to Vedanta - which is generally the case. The message of the Gita is an integrated system and all three goals of human happiness should be striven for, but without attachment but rather in a spirit of renunciation.
I want to be brief and just remind you that the caste-system is an extremely complex network of kinship and social relations involving transactions of goods and services. It has been very flexible over the generations but in its present form is a complete corruption and travesty - since society has dramatically changed since its formulation. The problems of the caste system are the same as any economic system - corruption, greed, oppression, exploitation etc.. There is no economic system in the world that is pure and benevolent - neither capitalist or communist.

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    @PashamVishnuVardhanGoud Please re read the answer again. There is a difference between Philosophy and Society. I personally follow Hinduism because the philosophy of Vedanta is unassailable and trumps all other religious theologies. Vedanta is completely free of caste considerations and is an objective philosophy of life. Vedanta is open to every one regardless of sex, gender, caste or race. Caste considerations are based upon spiritual ignorance and self-interest - both of which are condemned by Vedanta. – Sethu Srivatsa Koduru Jan 18 at 12:13
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    @PashamVishnuVardhanGoud Aatma Bodha 11: Because of Its association with different conditionings (Upadhis) such ideas as caste, colour and position are super-imposed upon the Atman, as flavour, colour, etc., are super-imposed on water. – Sethu Srivatsa Koduru Jan 18 at 12:17
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    Nirvana Shaktam: Neither the division into castes and stages of life, nor the rules of conduct and duties of the various castes and stages of life apply to me. I have no need for dharana, dhyana or yoga, etc. Since the notions of 'I' and 'mine' which are due to identification with the not-self (body, mind and organs) have gone, I remain as the one auspicious self free from all attributes. I have neither death nor fear of death, nor caste; Nor was I ever born, nor had I parents, friends, and relations; I have neither Guru, nor disciple; I am Existence Absolute, Knowledge Absolute,Bliss Absolute – Sethu Srivatsa Koduru Jan 18 at 12:17
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    Upadesha Sahasri 5.1 : People do not receive Self-knowledge on account of the fear that their duties (according to their castes and orders of life) would be destroyed like Udanks who did not accept genuine nectWhen they are considered to be one's own caste etc. becomes the cause of injunctions like a dead body. They do not, therefore, belong to the Self. The Self would otherwise become the non-Self. – Sethu Srivatsa Koduru Jan 18 at 12:20
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    Upadeshasahasri Chapter 15 verse 5: When they are considered to be one's own caste etc. becomes the cause of injunctions like a dead body. They do not, therefore, belong to the Self. The Self would otherwise become the non-Self. Chapter 15 verse 8: After giving up caste etc., which are the causes of duties, a wise man should (constantly) remember, from the scriptures, his own real nature which is incompatible with causes of duties – Sethu Srivatsa Koduru Jan 18 at 12:20

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